Dating com 2008

A 2008 award winning dating service has won one or more awards in the 2008 Dating Sites Reviews Choice Awards. This annual awards program has been running for only 1 year and recognizes excellence in a number of different categories along with an overall best award. Baby Boomer Dating In 2008 By Kerry Pettigrew Submitted On March 06, 2008 It's been awhile since we looked at dating, singles scene, and other related issues for Baby Boomers and those over or close to 50. August 2008 JAY-Z finally confirms his marriage to Bey in a September ’08 Vibe cover story — and opened up about why they kept it quiet for so long. “That’s ridiculous for me to confirm ... Lorsque vous Bill Maher Dating 2008 le consultez, un site Internet peut stocker ou récupérer des informations sur votre navigateur, principalement sous forme de cookies. Ces informations peuvent concerner vous-même, Bill Maher Dating 2008 vos préférences ou votre appareil. Nous mettons à votre disposition un outil simple ci-dessous pour les accepter ou Bill Maher Dating 2008 les refuser ... In 2008, he began dating Jamie Hill, and after the two separated, he began a relationship with Mary Nolan. According to our records, he has no children. Kenny Chesney’s girlfriend Jamie Hill Fuller. Kenny Chesney’s girlfriend is Jamie Hill Fuller. Jamie Hill Fuller was born in South Carolina and is currently 37 years old. For full award information see the article: 2008 Dating Sites Reviews Choice Awards - Innovative: Recipient MillionaireMatch.com Wealthy and Sugar Daddy dating sites became much more popular in 2008. Once again MillionaireMatch.com remained on top and was the winner of our Editor's Top Pick Wealthy award. Directed by Master P, D'Juan Baham. With Katt Williams, Master P, Clifton Powell, Terry Miles. Kat Williams works at a subway station.Then end up falling in love with a worker but during his time he goes on a dating site to find a partner.

Black Pill Science

2018.03.26 08:35 SubsaharanAmerican Black Pill Science

A subreddit dedicated to understanding the realities of human social and sexual behavior.
[link]


2019.06.29 18:52 ayejit Race Pill Science

A critical response to subreddits that attempt to subvert the distinction between empirical reality and racist role-playing/pornographic fantasy. Dedicated foremost to an honest and evidence-based discussion on the influence of race and colorism in dating, and, secondarily, to dissecting the hypermasculine BBC mythology serving at the core of dehumanized interracial fetishism.
[link]


2020.09.21 04:36 chartreuseeye Industrial (on eMusic)

This list has been lying in wait for nearly a year, as I don’t buy all that much of it and there’s considerably less than a ton of it left on eMusic, though browsing shows quite a few 2020 releases. Much of it is quite old, as a result.
Among my favorite concerts from a year in Americorps in NYC from 2009-10 was seeing J.G. Thirlwell’s Manorexia live. Though hardly industrial, I did pick up some of it and Steroid Maximus on eMu back in the good-old days. That so much of his work as Foetus remains on the site is one of the most prominent industrial curiosities. See the labels Some Bizarre and Ectopic Ents for a notably extensive but still nowhere near full catalog.
I would characterize the early works of Meat Beat Manifesto as industrial, two of which are available on Flexidisc, wrongly claiming to be from 2010 (late 80s-early 90s were the heyday of industrial music as a whole, no?).
Throbbing Gristle spin-offs can be found in the list below, and eventually I should pick up their few original albums, now most prominent on the site for being legit full-length albums from the 70s and 80s.
I never got into Nurse with Wound or the goth-darkwave of The Cassandra Complex, but six and eight albums, respectively, are nothing to sneeze at.
The site used to have quite a lot more by Laibach, which I enjoyed, but now there are only a couple of remixes.
There was even a time when an industrial colossus like NIN was putting new EPs on eMu, while the great label purge was just gearing up, in 2017-18. Nowadays, all we get is a piecemeal “artists similar to NIN” list that itself is rather decimated.
I want to highlight the more obscure titles near the top, while the better-known names in the second half are here mainly to remind folks that they're still available on eMu rather than introduce them to anyone.
  1. “The Water” - Ten Realms (2014) (“十丈波“ - 十界集樂坊). This is probably my favorite industrial album of the past ten years, led by the incomparably intense and delightfully Chinese inflected but English-sung third song, “盼若水火,” landing somewhere between Spahn Ranch and Wumpscut if they ever wanted to storm the Great Wall. It’s an amazing song that does what most fusion doesn’t even know it should wish it could. The whole album is head and shoulders above most of the list, if not the sole impetus to give industrial music its day in the haze. Female vocals in Chinese are a most unusual start to the album, backed by an ever-shifting combination of electronic beats, electric guitars, and traditional Chinese strings, flutes/woodwinds, and percussion. This is followed by a driving instrumental that almost feels like a light metal march determined to incorporate every traditional Chinese instrument. The combination takes some getting used to, especially the interplay between ancient China and metal-esque guitars, but it’s well worth the effort for those who think they’ve heard it all. More than half of the songs are instrumental and in the range of five to eight minutes, so these are no tinny nu-rock commercial ditties that so often pass for “hard” music in Asia. Typing the English title doesn’t seems to yield results, so cut and paste the Chinese or try this link: https://www.emusic.com/album/2578402// The English-titled version is here: https://www.emusic.com/album/1398994/Tenrealms/The-Water
  2. “Biocosmos” - Tav Exotic (2016). Excellent 99-cent value for two quite long tracks and a third adding up to the length of a full album. It takes quite a while to realize that there are vocals on the tracks, longer still to discern what they’re saying. I think I’d still call them songs. Not something I’d play for my parents or my grandparents, but when unhappy with the world but don’t want to be too loud about it these sure do the trick. https://shop.vlekdata.org/album/vlek22-tav-exotic-biocosmos
  3. “S/t” - Where Everything Falls Out (2010). Female vocals are an unusual feature on this slightly more rock-oriented album. I’m not sure how to describe what she does on the mic—it’s breathy, not really singing, not quite a growl but similar in tone. She does whisper and speak, and the layers feel rather experimental. Anyone who doubts its inclusion here should check out the noisy stabs on the opening track and the hammering on “A State of Disrepair.”
  4. “Aus den Anti-Imperialistischen Tagebüchern” - Im Namen Des Volkes (2017). Little electronic songs with vocals that are decidedly less accessible than synth-pop, less slickly produced, dark, and dancefloor-oriented than EBM. This is a rather long album maybe best appreciated in smaller chunks. The name and cover art alone should qualify it as industrial, and it maps onto mid-1980s electronic acts well. I could imagine it being a lost entry on the WaxTrax! catalog. “Bio Hacker” is a strong highlight for its overbearingly obnoxious bassline and space-shuttle vocal sounds, daring the listener to let it keep playing, built like a dance track that causes its dancers to topple over like broken robots. Einsturzende Neubauten meet The Residents at times, electro-punk on upbeat numbers like “Hunde im All.” https://peripheralminimal.bandcamp.com/album/aus-den-anti-imperialistischen-tagebu-chern
  5. “Iconic Rapture” - Artur Maćkowiak (2017). Fully electronic and almost fully instrumental (though with some voices), but usually involving guitars as well, I’m not fully sure how industrial all these songs are. The fact that they’re layered efficiently and rather repetitive may make a stronger claim to being industrial on paper or in concept than how they actually sound. “Under the Mask” is one of the more interesting tracks, and I wanted to put it on my Covid-19 mix, but it was still too obtuse to fit in with the other songs. The nearly 9-minute clarinet and spoken word “TZD” is another track that’s interesting and borderline industrial w/out fully committing. Overall, I wouldn’t want to listen to this every day forever, but it’s a fine aural palette cleanser if one doesn’t want to go all the way to noise. https://wetmusicrecords.bandcamp.com/album/artur-ma-kowiak-iconic-rapture-2
  6. “The Jewels” - Einsturzende Neubauten (2008). This starts out on a relatively conventional musical note, with a repeated alternation on a keyboard, eventually backed by strings. As always, though, what distinguishes EN is their ability to intersperse decidedly noisy, actual industrial factory sounds sourced from things few others would consider musical instruments. Most of the compositions include always-distinctive vocals in German and English and are under three minutes long, so none of the noises are allowed to persist long enough to become really grating. If not minimalist, they are certainly spare, like an alien band that doesn’t differentiate between music, general sound, and noise, alternating between the three as a result.
  7. “Пособие для начинающих: Глас сéребра” - Coil (2001). They should need no introduction here and have two albums available on Important Records; this and another are the only entries under Feelee Records. “Are You Shivering” must be one of the creepiest industrial songs out there.
  8. “Post Sign” - Clockdva (2013). This is a rather subdued compilation album that I’m not sure is very industrial, but the band’s early work is unassailable, no? I like the first and last tracks, but much of what’s in between is a rather repetitive snooze, not cheesily dated like much synthesizer music of the 80s, but definitely of a bygone era when it was perfectly OK to keep one or more loops in a song completely unchanged for five minutes or more. There’s also a $5 “single” of remixes, “Clock 2,” that doesn’t show up on the AMG discography. https://clockdva.bandcamp.com/album/post-sign
  9. “Nail” - Foetus (1985). The quasi-orchestral opening theme should have tipped me off to what Thirlwell had in store for the 90s and the 21st century, but when I first heard this album in high school well after its release date, I found it one of the most caustic, horribly unlistenable albums. Literally howling “agony” is something one not only has to be in the mood but also fully braced for. Yet it retains an unshakable mystique, and revisiting it today after a couple decades to listen around and get familiar with other industrial music, it holds up much better than I remember. https://jgthirlwell.bandcamp.com/
  10. “Armed Audio Warfare” - Meat Beat Manifesto (1988). In the early 2000s I was pretty sure this album sounded dated, but now I’m more convinced that yelling over old keyboards will never go out of style. A track like “Mars Needs Women” also allows the listener to imagine an alternate reality in which industrial music, rather than old-school hip-hop, is the source of today’s urban pop music. I’d like to think pop would have evolved very differently, even as a track like “Cut Man” is very similar to the tape splicing of Double Dee & Steinski. Despite pivoting to electronic dub by the time I heard them in the mid-90s (quite a transition between 1992’s Satyricon, a great album I think is still industrial, and “Subliminal Sandwich” from 1996, which I think is not really other than “Asbestos Lead Asbestos”), this album kept me doggedly filing them as industrial well into the 21st century. https://meatbeatmanifesto.bandcamp.com/album/armed-audio-warfare-remastered
  11. “Tutti” - Cosey Fanni Tutti (2018). This is one I hadn’t heard of but eMusers all seemed to snap up, by the former Throbbing Gristle member, which I didn’t know until after following the flock and owning it. I don’t hear much industrial in it, rather more spacey electronica with brass on the opener, a bit on the dark side. Understated if not minimalist, the album largely eschews beats or other rhythmic elements so prominent in much electronic music. Pulses and, yes, throbbing, occupy that role instead. It’s a good value at $3.50, but I don’t fully understand the appeal. Knowing the history helps appreciate it more, perhaps.
On other lists: “Should I Erase You?” - n400. 2017. “Demand & Possibility” - Unclean (2019).
A few on my wishlist that I’m not sure are industrial or interesting (feel free to inform me): Raper Orze, Jean-Luc, Das Institut, , Marco Shuttle.
Are there any dedicated industrial labels on eMusic? With a flexible definition, maybe. Eye for an Eye Recordings and Dischetti come closest. Full of Nothing might be aspiring to NIN’s former label. Future Noise is fine. Pinkman Broken Dreams leans electronic. Halo Askew Entertainment is a poor man’s Metropolis but the closest to a dedicated darkwave industrial EBM label I can find. Wow Cool is pretty limited. Hans Mondial is split. Personal Escape titles are half labeled industrial but basically ambient. The techno on Singularity and TARO Records can get pretty noisy.
Rather than reposting repeatedly, here’s my lists of what’s left on eMusic: http://www.omnifoo.info/pages/eMuReddit.html
& by my evaluation http://www.omnifoo.info/pages/eMusic%20Labels.html
& by genre https://www.emusers.net/forum/discussion/comment/94512/#Comment\_94512
submitted by chartreuseeye to eMusicofficial [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 22:55 Zelbinian Kickstarter Roundup: September 20, 2020 20+ Ending Soon (including: Plantopia: The Card Game) & 55+ New This Week (including: Cascadia)

What this is:

This is a weekly, curated listing of Kickstarter board game projects that are either:
All board game projects meeting those criteria will automatically be included, no need to ask. (The occasional non-board game project may also sneak in!)
Expect new lists each Sunday sometime between midnight and noon PST.

Ending Soon

Project Info Players Backers Min / Avg Pledge Ends Comments
Puzzle Dungeon Deluxe Edition Reprint The endlessly playable monster-hunting solitaire card game. // Has raised $19,263 of $6,000 so far. (~321%) ☑ 1 358 $18 / $54 Sep 21 kicktraq #reprint
Plantopia: The Card Game A strategic card game based on the wonderful and wacky world of Life of a Potato. // Has raised S$147,439 of S$5,000 so far. (~2949%) ☑ 2 - 5 4104 $17 / S$36 Sep 21 kicktraq
Crazy Taco Start a new day at the mexican fast food restaurant. Do not lose popularity and deal with all the customers and issues that may happen. // Has raised €7,678 of €4,300 so far. (~179%) ☑ 1 - 2 338 $18 / €23 Sep 21 kicktraq
EvolveSum: A Card Game with Cats & Children's Illustrations Adorable playing cards, featuring cats and illustrated dreams drawn by children from an Indonesian orphanage. // Has raised S$1,504 of S$1,500 so far. (~100%) ☑ 2 50 $23 / S$30 Sep 22 kicktraq
Last Days of Athobrae - Final Countdown A strategy, resource gathering game where the planet falls to pieces beneath your feet, and the first to build a ship and escape wins! // Has raised $6,852 of $4,750 so far. (~144%) ☑ 2 - 5 82 $59 / $84 Sep 22 kicktraq #take3
Elite An empire-rebuilding strategy game set in not-too-distant-future earth. // Has raised $9,288 of $12,000 so far. (~77%) 2 - 4 48 $40 / $194 Sep 22 kicktraq
Katootsie!© - The Exciting NEW Party Game! (Updated Project) Welcome to the updated Kickstarter page for Katootsie!© The exciting NEW party game that relies on quick-thinking word savvy! // Has raised $3,776 of $3,500 so far. (~108%) ☑ 2 - 10 80 $25 / $47 Sep 22 kicktraq #take2
Rurik: Stone & Blade (Reprint & Expansion) Seize your destiny and claim the throne! The first expansion to the critically-acclaimed Rurik: Dawn of Kiev, a euro-style board game. // Has raised $161,427 of $50,000 so far. (~323%) ☑ 1 - 4 2247 $39 / $72 Sep 23 kicktraq #reprint #expansion
Shamrock Deckbox Handcrafted Leather Deckboxes for trading card games such as Magic the Gathering, Pokemon or YuGiOh! // Has raised €641 of €500 so far. (~128%) ☑ 12 $60 / €53 Sep 24 kicktraq #bling
Scenic Resin Terrain for 28mm Tabletop Wargames Miniatures Ready made resin terrain and accessories for WW2 28mm Miniatures offering ruined town pieces alongside earth and log emplacements. // Has raised £714 of £250 so far. (~286%) ☑ 20 $ / £36 Sep 24 kicktraq
SUPERCHARGED A car racing game for 1-5 players set in the 1920s and 1930s // Has raised $8,385 of $8,000 so far. (~105%) ☑ 1 - 5 185 $47 / $45 Sep 24 kicktraq
The Wretched: Second Printing Bringing The Wretched back into print. // Has raised £11,353 of £750 so far. (~1514%) ☑ 820 $8 / £14 Sep 24 kicktraq #rpg
Remember 3 A board game about tactics, memory & deceit // Has raised €1,155 of €1,400 so far. (~82%) 3 - 5 24 $21 / €48 Sep 24 kicktraq
ANTEMATTER A cosmic mash-up of poker and space strategy // Has raised $92,816 of $30,000 so far. (~309%) ☑ 3 - 6 769 $60 / $121 Sep 24 kicktraq
Lark A Game of Challenge & Chance // Has raised $8,091 of $10,000 so far. (~81%) 141 $25 / $57 Sep 24 kicktraq
Rock, Paper, Doomsday A witty card game where the worst card wins. // Has raised $5,774 of $10,000 so far. (~58%) 3+ 66 $20 / $87 Sep 24 kicktraq
Ivion - The Herocrafting Card Game Play out the brutal climax to an epic story in Ivion, an immersive 2 player experience. Craft your hero and reach for glory! // Has raised $33,368 of $28,743 so far. (~116%) ☑ 2 362 $39 / $92 Sep 24 kicktraq
Votes for Women A card-driven board game on women’s suffrage and the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment. // Has raised $22,615 of $15,000 so far. (~151%) ☑ 1 - 4 373 $50 / $61 Sep 24 kicktraq
BOMBS: the card game. a print and play card game designed to play with friends and family. // Has raised MX$2,569 of MX$2,000 so far. (~128%) ☑ 2 - 5 37 $2 / MX$69 Sep 25 kicktraq
Boss Babe The Game The #AntiMLM Board Game where nobody makes any money and everyone loses. // Has raised $11,470 of $10,000 so far. (~115%) ☑ 2 - 4 221 $25 / $52 Sep 25 kicktraq
Finding Sasquatch Be the first to find Sasquatch in this fast paced adventure card game! // Has raised $8,936 of $3,500 so far. (~255%) ☑ 2 - 5 304 $20 / $29 Sep 25 kicktraq
Blitz: Speed War A 3D Printable Real-Time-Strategy Board Game for 2 - 4 players // Has raised $1,607 of $500 so far. (~321%) ☑ 2 - 4 50 $10 / $32 Sep 25 kicktraq
"Grammin Adventure" Made in Japan / グラミン探検隊 "Grammin Adventure" is designed to learn the basics of programming thinking while having fun! // Has raised ¥79,639 of ¥100,000 so far. (~80%) 2 - 4 17 $ 39 ¥4,685 Sep 25 kicktraq

New This Week

Project Info Players Backers Min / Avg Pledge Ends Comments
10+ Game A Card Game for Players & Inventors // Has raised HK$79,072 of HK$46,500 so far. (~170%) ☑ 2 - 6 214 $24 / HK$369 Oct 15
6° The Movie Connection Card Game - as seen in The Scotsman With simple, easy-to-understand rules, players or teams race to win. Great for families, in the pub, on holiday or just a rainy day. // Has raised £1 of £30,000 so far. (~0%) any 1 $26 / £1 Oct 18
8th Air Force/20th Air Force Twin WW2 games "8th Air Force" and "20th Air Force" simulate the massive USAAF strategic bombing campaigns against Germany and Japan // Has raised $1,512 of $3,000 so far. (~50%) 17 $65 / $89 Nov 16
Aced It! Are you cognitively there? A satirical card game for 2 to 5 players about the best words, really good brains and to trump your opponents. // Has raised €342 of €12,000 so far. (~3%) 2 - 5 10 $19 / €34 Oct 17
Arms & Influence A political strategy card game, where you compete with neighboring nations to achieve world dominance. // Has raised $8,346 of $7,500 so far. (~111%) ☑ 3 - 4 144 $19 / $58 Oct 17
Automated Alice: A Cooperative Dice Game Based on the novel by Jeff Noon // Has raised $8,563 of $11,000 so far. (~78%) 1 - 4 260 $29 / $33 Oct 08
Bots Up - The bot battling card game Build a bot, send it to battle and compete to be the last bot standing! Find out more at botsupgame.com // Has raised £10,313 of £3,500 so far. (~295%) ☑ 2 - 5 336 $20 / £31 Oct 15
Brinkwood: The Blood of Tyrants A castlepunk Forged in the Dark roleplaying game. Mask up. Spill Blood. Drink the Rich. Join the discord! https://discord.gg/R72Endm // Has raised $23,896 of $10,000 so far. (~239%) ☑ 778 $10 / $31 Oct 16 #rpg
Capitalism: The Board Game A strategy-driven turf war circular board game. // Has raised $3 of $45,000 so far. (~0%) 3 $65 / $1 Oct 14
Cascadia A puzzly tile-laying game featuring the habitats and wildlife of the Pacific Northwest with gorgeous artwork by Beth Sobel! // Has raised $109,484 of $8,000 so far. (~1369%) ☑ 1 - 4 3625 $29 / $30 Oct 21
Castaway Curse (Second Printing) The shipwreck adventure game, now available with international shipping! 2-6 players, 20 min/player. Ages 13+ // Has raised $4,136 of $1,000 so far. (~414%) ☑ 2 - 6 16 $100 / $259 Oct 15 #reprint
CHARMS: Quests for Antiracism A question and answer expansion for antiracism using CHARMS: A Game of Insight, or use as stand alone discussion prompts. // Has raised $1,023 of $100 so far. (~1023%) ☑ 3 - 8 31 $35 / $33 Oct 08
Check Yes Romeo Check Yes, Romeo is an improv narrative dating simulator card game meant to get to know people better. Find your lucky match. // Has raised $1,278 of $5,000 so far. (~26%) 29 $45 / $44 Oct 16
Choo Choo Game. The Choo Choo card game is a train building game for everyone. // Has raised A$341 of A$750 so far. (~45%) 2 - 12 7 $21 / A$49 Oct 15
Climate Change Memory The old school Memory game for 2-8 persons, now with opposite images to stimulate your sustainable way of living. // Has raised €236 of €17,000 so far. (~1%) 2 - 8 9 $21 / €26 Oct 14
Coalition The Napoleonic Wars 1805-1815 // Has raised $6,435 of $2,500 so far. (~257%) ☑ 2 - 6 73 $52 / $88 Oct 05
Deck Organizer System New Deck Organizer System (D.O.S.), organize game cards effortlessly! Interlock as many trays and sizes as needed for your games! // Has raised C$251 of C$1500 so far. (~17%) 6 $13 / C$42 Oct 17 #bling
DOPPELT ODER NICHTS Ein Kartenspiel, bei dem niemand sicher ist. Du hast die Wahl, aber wenn du dich überschätzt, trifft es dich doppelt - ENGLISH AVAILABLE // Has raised €1,796 of €7,000 so far. (~26%) 4 - ? 48 $21 / €37 Oct 17
Embarcadero - Rule the Waterfront! Build the city of San Francisco on the hulls of abandoned ships during the California Gold Rush. // Has raised $33,091 of $5,000 so far. (~662%) ☑ 1 - 5 605 $60 / $55 Oct 02
ENGKANTO: A Filipino Mythology RPG Board game A Filipino Mythology inspired RPG board game! Play as an ancient Filipino Bayani (Hero) and set off on a journey to find Biringan City // Has raised A$3,401 of A$35,000 so far. (~10%) 31 $37 / A$110 Nov 14
Escape Deathrace 2182 "Micro" - A Game That Fits Anywhere. A pocket-sized table-top dungeon crawler that pits you against your friends (and aliens!) in a cosmic street race to save the galaxy! // Has raised $1,872 of $8,200 so far. (~23%) 1 - 4 24 $25 / $78 Oct 17
Everbane The Card Game // Has raised CHF1,453 of CHF60,000 so far. (~2%) 2 - 6 35 $33 / CHF42 Oct 14
Facility 07: Exploration - Espionage - Battle Royale Twist! Infiltrate an evil genius' lair to stop him from destroying the world! Take That, Spy-Style! 2-6 semi-co-op players. Tons of laughs. // Has raised $4,614 of $14,900 so far. (~31%) 2 - 6 104 $39 / $44 Oct 15
Flourish A delightful game about crafting gardens from the creators of Everdell. In English, German, and French. // Has raised $74,792 of $15,000 so far. (~499%) ☑ 1 - 7 2008 $39 / $37 Oct 01
Forgotten Depths - Co-op Dungeon Adventure A quick-playing but substantial experience of exploration and combat // Has raised $17,889 of $26,000 so far. (~69%) 1 - 3 620 $30 / $29 Oct 15 #take2
Fruit Salad: The Multiple Games in One Game We will be creating a board game called Fruit Salad. This game comes with 8 different games perfect for all kind of players. // Has raised $283 of $7,064 so far. (~4%) 6 $25 / $47 Oct 14
Good vs Gooder Fun debates for funny people—a family-friendly party game celebrating the gooder things in life // Has raised $8,581 of $18,500 so far. (~46%) 3+ 110 $29 / $78 Oct 16
In Home Alley Ball: High-Quality Cardboard Alley Game Alley Ball game made from high-quality eco cardboard! Perfect for temporary entertainment but sturdy enough to last for years. USA made // Has raised $180 of $3,000 so far. (~6%) 1+ 2 $179 / $90 Nov 01
In Too Deep (Reboot) Hack into criminal minds in the undercover operation of a lifetime. Save the city without losing your soul in this game for 1-4 agents. // Has raised C$83623 of C$50000 so far. (~167%) ☑ 1 - 4 1156 $50 / C$72 Oct 08 #take2
INKAS: The Legend™ - Miniature Board Game with Golden Llamas A strategy game for 1 to 4 players, where you must battle gods and enemy nations in your quest to become the founder of a NEW empire! // Has raised $5,242 of $30,000 so far. (~17%) 1 - 4 96 $39 / $55 Oct 15
Inventure Quest Challenging co-op adventures, powered by you. RPG party game for all levels of experience. Infinite characters, settings, & quests! // Has raised $3,317 of $11,500 so far. (~29%) 2 - 6 52 $27 / $64 Oct 15 #take2
Lion Challenging Party Game Challenging party card game. This game will make your party really cool. // Has raised $2 of $1,000 so far. (~0%) 4 - 9 2 $24 / $1 Oct 31
Lucky Luau Flower matching and lei making fun from beautiful Hawaii! // Has raised $3,265 of $4,000 so far. (~82%) 2 - 6 110 $15 / $30 Oct 15
Ludicrous Adult Party Game The adult party game that will unleash the deviant in everyone. // Has raised £216 of £10,000 so far. (~2%) 3+ 8 $26 / £27 Oct 17 #take2
Math Eclipse Educational card and dice game for kids to learn multiplication and division. // Has raised $35 of $1,500 so far. (~2%) 2 3 $13 / $12 Oct 19
Mythalix: Chapter 1: Greek Mythology Gods and Titans clash in a new world. Battle opponents, control areas & build your deck in this light strategy board game. // Has raised £5,253 of £10,000 so far. (~53%) 2 - 4 114 $33 / £46 Oct 15
Name That Puppy - A Party Game For Puppy Lovers A card game for all ages where you compete to pick the best name for different adorable puppies. // Has raised $331 of $500 so far. (~66%) 13 $15 / $25 Oct 03
Never Say Never The Hilarious Game of Horrible Hypotheticals // Has raised $2,278 of $7,000 so far. (~33%) 39 $20 / $58 Oct 18 #take2
Oak & Steel a 3.5x game set in the American Old West // Has raised $5,408 of $12,000 so far. (~45%) 2 - 4 133 $45 / $41 Oct 02
Office Buzz The Drinking Game To Become The CEO // Has raised $4,880 of $5,000 so far. (~98%) 4 - 10 166 $18 / $29 Oct 15
RECIPE RUSH This card game is for foodies, families, and friends who enjoy chaos, sabotage, thievery, double-dipping, and sometimes sheep cloning. // Has raised $1,565 of $10,000 so far. (~16%) 2 - 4 20 $25 / $78 Oct 15
RUMSKI (Second Edition) A quick-thinking, rummy style, strategy card game // Has raised $1,418 of $3,500 so far. (~41%) 2 - 6 30 $13 / $47 Oct 15 #newedition
Scratch the Deck Game Changers A cool card game for people who love cats featuring some new feline friends with extra special powers. // Has raised €1,319 of €333 so far. (~396%) ☑ 2 - 4 56 $16 / €24 Sep 27 #newedition
Secret Sinners A deviously strategic card game where players accuse each other of being evil! Hide your past sins carefully or fall straight to hell! // Has raised C$2972 of C$23500 so far. (~13%) 3 - 8 56 $27 / C$53 Oct 12 #take2
Sharks Feeding Frenzy Life getting you down? Wouldn't you rather be a shark? Eat new and exciting people! // Has raised $6,475 of $10,000 so far. (~65%) 2 - 6 103 $29 / $63 Oct 13
Soulgivers Absorb the Souls of the fallen heroes and capture the Fragment to survive the Decay in this competitive strategy game for 2 players. // Has raised €40,238 of €40,000 so far. (~101%) ☑ 2 560 $82 / €72 Oct 14
Stack O'Cats The most fun you'll ever have trying to get cats to do what you want them to. // Has raised $1,943 of $2,800 so far. (~69%) 2 - 5 59 $22 / $33 Oct 18
Stink! Dice-rolling card game designed for family game nights. // Has raised $1,696 of $2,000 so far. (~85%) 52 $11 / $33 Oct 18
Symfony : The Lyrical Card Game A card game that pits your lyrical know-how against your closest friends! // Has raised C$4 of C$7000 so far. (~0%) 2 - 5 4 $23 / C$1 Nov 16
TeWero Te Wero is a rapid-fire card game designed to encourage your use of Te Reo Māori. // Has raised A$1,472 of A$7,400 so far. (~20%) 2+ 25 $20 / A$59 Oct 03
The Sable Scourge A board game for ordinary citizens. // Has raised $472 of $20,000 so far. (~2%) 2 - 6 18 $35 / $26 Oct 06
They Were Soldiers and Dak To - Hill 875 The board game of the battle that changed the war in Vietnam! 450 Americans faced long odds against the NVA at LZ X-Ray. Nov 14, 1965. // Has raised $9,762 of $24,900 so far. (~39%) 2 94 $69 / $104 Nov 14 #take2
Untamed: Feral Factions - Spirit Strike Edition A beautiful, shuffle-building, card battle game featuring 12 unique animal factions and the new Spirit Strike expansion! // Has raised €19,481 of €9,000 so far. (~216%) ☑ 2 - 4 792 $11 / €25 Oct 06 #expansion
What's The Point? - The Cactus Card Game What's The Point? is an exciting, family-friendly, and cacti-loaded card game! // Has raised $4,303 of $3,000 so far. (~143%) ☑ 2 - 6 82 $25 / $52 Oct 15
Xmas PileUP A pocket-sized, Christmas-themed, stacking-dexterity game for the whole family. Featuring cute Christmas tree shaped meeples! // Has raised £5,259 of £1,000 so far. (~526%) ☑ 2 - 4 239 $13 / £22 Sep 29

Need moar Kickstarter goodness?

Check out...

Footnotes

  • #hmm means that something about the project seems a little off. Buyer beware kinda thing.
  • #lolwut is reserved for projects that seem like copycat games or campaigns put together with little thought. Check 'em out for amusement.
  • #take tags are for projects that have been restarted for some reason, with the number indicating what iteration we're currently on.
  • Did I miss something? Particularly something new in the last 7 days or ending in the next 7 days? Let me know in the comments and I'll add it in. ## Tip Jar If you enjoy these lists, maybe toss me a buck now and then. Signing up for a free AirTable account via my referral link can help, too. Plus, it's swell!
submitted by Zelbinian to boardgames [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 20:38 llaverna Weekly Round-Up: September 14th - September 20th

Weekly Round-Up: September 14th - September 20th
/bangtan Weekly Round-Up
Previous thread: September 7th - September 13th
This round-up is for everything that happened in the /bangtan realm within the past week, compiled for your convenience! If you have feedback, please leave a comment or send me a PM.
The latest weekly round-up is linked on the sidebar of the subreddit. The link to the archive of past round-up posts can always be found in the wiki index.

New Releases

Date Link Thread
200915 [MV] Max - Blueberry Eyes (feat. SUGA of BTS) Thread
200915 [Audio] MAX - Blueberry Eyes (feat. SUGA of BTS) Thread
200918 [Audio] Dynamite (NightTime Version) Thread
200920 [MV] BTS "Dynamite" - 70's Remix Thread

Megathreads

Date Thread
200916 BTS @ NBC America's Got Talent
200918 BTS @ Mnet I-LAND
200918 BTS @ 2020 iHeart Radio Music Festival

News & Information

Date Thread
200914 In light of his birthday, RM donated 100M won to the MMCA foundation to foster a culture of reading art books and increasing artistic sensibility in youth
200914 Billboard Launches New Global Charts
200914 'Dynamite' is #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 for its 3rd week
200915 [Notice] BTS MAP OF THE SOUL ON:E Online Live Streaming & BTS EXHIBITION “MAP OF THE SOUL ON:E (오,늘)” Online Exhibition Information
200915 Asia Society: BTS is one of the Asia Game ChangerAward recipients for 2020
200916 MAP OF THE SOUL ON:E concert tickets on sale
200916 Introducing BTS new live streaming ‘MAP OF THE SOUL ON:E’, ticket sale is now open on Weverse Shop!
200916 BTS Music Pack Coming to Beat Saber
200917 BTS "MAP OF THE SOUL ON:E" Online Live Streaming & Online Exhibition Ticketing Guide
200917 "Dynamite" has been changed to "Dynamite (Daytime Version)" on streaming platforms
200917 ARMY Bomb Ver.3 and 'Map of the Soul Special Edition' can now connect to "Dynamite" (B-side) music video on Weverse
200918 BTS to be Honored at the 2020 Asia Game Changers Awards
200919 BTS' Grammys For You Consideration: Dynamite has been submitted for ROTY & Best Pop Duo/Group Performance
200920 BTS to appear on NPR Music on September 21, 9AM ET / 10PM KST

Music show wins

Date Thread
200916 BTS have taken their 11th win for "Dynamite" on today's Show Champion
200918 BTS have taken their 12th win for "Dynamite" on today's KBS Music Bank
200919 BTS have taken their 13th win for "Dynamite" on today's Music Core

Merchandise news

Date Thread
200914 Skool Luv Affair (Special Addition) merchandise will be available on Weverse Shop from September 15, 11AM KST
200914 [NOTICE] Regarding the Emblem for 'In the SOOP BTS ver. VOD Purchases
200915 Skool Luv Affair (Special Addition) merchandise is now available to preorder on Weverse Shop
200917 Wings, Love Yourself and Speak Yourself Jigsaw Puzzles on Weverse Shop

Expired news

Date Thread
200914 MBC Radio: BTS will be on radio show at 6PM(KST)!
200918 [Notice] BTS Digital Single “Dynamite” NightTime Version Additional Release Information
200918 BTS will perform on Night 1 of the iHeart Radio Music Festival on Friday, 9/18 at 10:43 PM EST
200919 BTS are attending the Youth Day celebrations at the Blue House to give a speech today at 10am KST and will be meeting the President and First Lady

Official Media

Type Date Link Thread
Bomb 200916 [BANGTAN BOMB] V-ianist's Recital Thread
Bomb 200919 [BANGTAN BOMB] 'Dynamite' Stage CAM (BTS focus) @ 2020 iHeartRadio Music Festival Thread
In the SOOP 200915 [Behind] In the SOOP BTS ver. EP.4 Farewell For Now: Behind-the-scenes Thread
In the SOOP 200917 In the SOOP BTS ver. EP.5 Back to the Forest Thread
In the SOOP 200917 [In the SOOP BTS ver.] Official Clip - Ep.6 Thread
Live 200919 2008** Jungkook Thread
Live 200920 2008** Jungkook Thread
Photos 200917 BTS, TXT, Lee Hyun Photos Thread
Photos 200917 New photos of BTS on their Billboard Hot 100 #1 Thread
Teaser 200917 BTS (방탄소년단) 'BREAK THE SILENCE: THE MOVIE' Concept Teaser - Persona Thread
Other 200914 Learn! KOREAN with BTS [EP.28] Please Look Forward to It Thread

Official SNS

Date SNS Link Thread
200914 Weverse Compilation
200914 Twitter Bangtan Thread
200914 Twitter Namjoon Thread
200914 TikTok SUGA & Jin Thread
200914 Twitter Today's Bangtan @ 'Bae Chul-soo's Music Camp' Thread
200914 Twitter j-hope with Jungkook Thread
200914 Twitter SUGA Thread
200916 TikTok V & j-hope Thread
200918 Weverse Taehyung Thread
200918 Weverse Compilation
200918 Twitter Today's BTS @ I-Land Thread
200918 Weverse Seokjin Thread
200919 Twitter j-hope Thread
200919 Twitter [#TodaysBangtan] Youth Day with #BTS ! BTS is supporting all the young people, who are the protagonists of the future! Thread
200919 Instagram BTS Instagram Story
200919 Twitter Today's Bangtan: [#오늘의방탄] #BTS in 2020 iHeartRadio Music Festival!✨ Thread

BTS Interviews

  • Comprehensive list of English language Dynamite interviews HERE
Date Link Thread
200913 BTS On Success Of ‘Dynamite’ on ET Canada Thread
200915 Vogue: 24 Hours of VMA Prep With BTS Thread
200915 Vogue: BTS Have A Message For Their Fans: “Hope Is Everywhere — Keep Going” Thread
200917 [FULL/Eng Sub] (B-side) BTS Visual Radio in MBC Thread
200918 iHeartRadio: BTS Admit Their New Album Is 'A Little Different' Than 'Dynamite' Thread
200919 Radio Disney: Can BTS members raise one eyebrow? Thread

CF & Partnerships

Date Thread
200914 BTS 2020 FILA FALL COLLECTION
200915 [FILA] BTS ‘Go Beyond’ - Behind The Scene Compilation
200915 Samsung Mobile: We asked. You answered. It’s about to light up, Sept 23rd. #GalaxyxBTS
200916 [FILA] PROJECT 7 Teaser
200916 BTS FILA PROJECT 7 (September 18th - 20th)
200916 Samsung Mobile: Yes, we’re good listeners. Your dream colors, now on your all-new Galaxy. See it all on September 23, 2020.
200917 FILA PROJECT 7 Pre-launching at Shinsegae Department Store Times Square Seoul
200918 BTS FILA PROJECT 7 on Instagram Stories

Articles

Date Publisher Article Thread
200914 The Korea Herald Public Consensus Needed Before Exempting BTS From Draft: Defense Minister Nominee Thread
200909 The Conversation What BTS breaking Billboard 100 means for pop as the industry knows it Thread
200915 Variety BTS Is Twitter’s Top Music Act During Quarantine Thread
200915 Elite Daily MAX & BTS' Suga's "Blueberry Eyes" Collaboration Almost Didn't Happen — EXCLUSIVE Thread
200915 Teen Vogue MAX Unpacks "Blueberry Eyes" Collaboration With BTS Member Suga Thread
200917 Teen Vogue J-Hope Gave V Some Sage Advice About His Solo Mixtape Thread
200918 Billboard Jessica Agombar, Co-Writer of BTS' 'Dynamite,' Says Goal for the Song Was 'A Positive, Huge Ball of Energy' Thread
200919 Headline Planet BTS Episode Sets New Social Media Record For 'America's Got Talent,' Delivers New 2020 High Mark For NBC Thread

SNS Mentions

NOTE: Entries with 💜 have new content directly involving BTS
Date 💜 Link Thread
200914 💜 Radio MBC Thread
200914 MAX posts teaser photo Blueberry Eyes MV; with word 'tomorrow' Thread
200915 haetaelee instagram (choreographer and director of the Jin and JK Samsung galaxy note 20 ad) Thread
200915 MAX Thread
200915 America’s Got Talent Thread
200915 Howie Mandel: Patiently waiting for @BTS_twt on #AGT tomorrow night Thread
200916 Dynamite included in Little Mix's Summer Vibe's Playlist Thread
200916 Lea Salonga Tweets About BTS' Professionalism Thread
200916 MAX Thread
200916 MAX : YES WE ACTUALLY LEARNED SUGA’S WHOLE KOREAN RAP IN “BLUEBERRY EYES” VIDEO💙 Thread
200916 BTS "Dynamite" 7'' single, pressed in Detroit at @thirdmanpress. Thread
200917 The Twilight Saga Has Found Their BTS Bias Thread
200919 💜 The Blue House Korea (BTS with President Moon) Thread
200919 Rivers Cuomo Thread

Other media

Type Date Link Thread
Cover 200917 Dynamite Rock Version (BTS) by Rolling Quartz Thread
Cover 200920 BTS (방탄소년단) 'Dynamite' JUN Violin Cover Thread
Podcast 200917 (Spotify: For the Record) BTS: The Band, The Brand & The ARMY Thread
Video 200916 Critical Role: Sam: "What's up, BTS fans?" [Critical Role 2x109] Thread
Video 200918 Zach Sang Show: MAX talks new album Colour Vision, working w/ Suga AKA Agust D, and being a Dad... Thread
Video 200919 BTS’ Most Memorable MTV Moments Thread
Other 200918 Spotify has created a new playlist for Taehyung, called 'V' Thread
Other 200918 Spotify KPop: Psst.. BTS' got a surprise for us! Check out all of Dynamite's remixes to see who's dancing in them today! Thread

Milestones

Type Date Thread
Charts/Sales 200914 "Hope World" has now reached 100 #1's on iTunes Worldwide, making j-hope the 3rd Korean soloist to achieve 100 #1's with an album after RM and Agust D
Charts/Sales 200914 Dynamite has surpassed Any Song as the song with most hours of PAKS in history
Charts/Sales 200914 BTS' "Dynamite" is now the #1 best selling download among all songs this year in the US
Charts/Sales 200914 BTS' Dynamite is #2 on the first ever Billboard Global 200 singles chart
Charts/Sales 200915 BTS Is #1 For Billboard Artist 100 With 9 Weeks For Being The #1, The Most For Group Overall
Charts/Sales 200916 "Dynamite" reaches new peak of #2 (+2) on Billboard Japan Hot 100
Charts/Sales 200916 MOTS7 is #18 in SNEP (France) Top 20 list of 1H 2020. BTS is the only international artist, besides The Weeknd, in this list.
Charts/Sales 200916 BTS' "Dynamite" has now sold over 1 million units in the US. The group’s fastest song to hit this mark.
Charts/Sales 200916 "Blueberry Eyes" by MAX feat. BTS 's SUGA debuts at #1 on the Worldwide iTunes Song Chart
Charts/Sales 200918 "Dynamite" by BTS is now the first and only song in Korean chart history to achieve 400 Perfect All-Kills
Charts/Sales 200919 BTS joins IU as the only acts to reach 500 Perfect All-Kill(PAK) in Korean Charts history
Charts/Sales 200919 J-Hope and Becky G's "Chicken Noodle Soup" becomes the first collaboration in history to reach #1 on iTunes in at least 100 countries
Charts/Sales 200919 BTS 'Dynamite' Has Reached New Peak Unique Listeners On Melon Since Its Release, With 708,691
Followers 200916 BTS_twt has surpassed 29 millions followers on twitter!
Followers 200919 BTS is now the first Korean act to surpass 20 million followers on TikTok!
Streams 200914 BTS's 'MAP OF THE SOUL: 7' Has Now Earned Over 500 MILLION On-Demand Streams in the US this year
Streams 200918 'Spring Day' has surpassed 200 million streams on Spotify, their 5th song to achieve this!
Streams 200918 BTS has surpassed 30 million monthly listeners on Spotify!
Streams 200920 BTS's "Serendipity" Has Now Surpassed 100 MILLION Streams on Spotify (40th song to do so)

BTS Universe Story

Date Link Thread
200914 BTS Universe Story: The peaceful landscape has a different charm when seen through the viewfinder. He focuses on it, pressing the shutter... Thread
200915 [With BTS] BTS Universe Story Official Trailer Thread
200915 BTS Universe Story: The pianist concludes his solo recital and the crowd cheers. He takes his final bow to enthusiastic applause... Thread
200916 BTS Universe Story: YoonGi and NamJoon visit their hideout for the last time before they leave school, but what they find surprises them... Thread
200916 BTS Universe Story: Inside the fragrant café, SeokJin tastes the just-brewed coffee with a smile- then rushes out when he notices the time. Thread
200917 BTS Universe Story: JiMin introduces himself enthusiastically to the broadcasting program members he's just met. Everyone's surprised at what he says... Thread
200918 [With BTS] [BTS Universe Story] Special Message For You💌 Thread
200918 BTS Universe Story: Loud music fills the air as HoSeok dances along passionately. Thread
200919 [With BTS] BTS Universe Story - BTS message Thread
200920 BTS Universe Story: TaeHyung, YoonGi, and HoSeok follow the hints to arrive somewhere where they meet a mysterious man. Thread

TinyTAN

Date Link Thread
200914 TinyTAN merchandise for the month of September is now available to preorder on Weverse Shop Thread
200915 Baskin Robbins Korea Instagram Update - TinyTan Thread
200918 TinyTAN: Everyone has their own role! Which role would you like to take? Thread

BT21

Date Link Thread
200917 BT21 PLAYLIST - Rainy Garden ASMR Thread

BT21 merchandise news

Date Thread
200916 BT21 KOLON Fleece Jumper
200918 BT21 "Green Toy" kit coming soon!

Misc

Date Thread
200915 [YT Premiere] MAX - Blueberry Eyes (feat. SUGA of BTS) [Official Music Video]
200915 Translation and mini Korean lesson with Blueberry Eyes
200918 [Throwback] Three years ago today, BTS released "Love Yourself 承 'Her'" and music video for title track "DNA"

Subreddit

Rolling /bangtan Awards 2020 nomination form

Community posts

Top Discussion Posts

  1. [+131] Help a new army out please
  2. [+118] Has anyone else been inspired by In the Soop?
  3. [+104] What are you most looking forward to seeing at MOTS ON:E?
  4. [+64] Besides winning a Grammy/getting nominated, what other achievements you think BTS could get that they haven't already?
  5. [+49] How did you come across BTS and what made you stay?

Weekly threads

Fanart

Here are past week's top 5 fanart posts from our sister subreddit, /heungtan!
Submitter Thread
piglet_713 I know I'm a little bit late but I still did it <3 :)
Dizzyxxoo Namjoon Fanart (birthday gift for my friend 🌸) [OC]
ilumoone RM drawing
savkat17 hobi hobi hobi!! artwork by me :)
looventeen Dynamite Graphic Art (hand drawn on Procreate)
submitted by llaverna to bangtan [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 02:10 TactykalAnalysis How Much is Mathew Barzal Worth?

Yes, I’m back with another short novel for you guys. Feel free to check out my previous ramblings on Max Domi and the Rantanen vs Marner debate.
 
As before, for those of you too lazy to read, you can check out the YouTube version of this post.
 
Selected 16th overall in the 2015 Entry Draft, Mathew Barzal has been a major piece for the Islanders since his first NHL season in 2017-18. Over his first 82 games, he netted 22 goals and 63 assists, landing him the Calder Trophy as the league’s best rookie. The following year, after the departure of John Tavares, Barzal was thrust into a 1C role, where he stumbled slightly. Not only did his defensive numbers take a hit, but he had a “sophomore slump” of sorts, putting up 18 goals and 44 assists for 62 points – much lower than his rookie total of 85 points. This past season he had a solid bounce back year, where he scored 19 goals and 41 assists before the season was put on hold, which would project him to have over 70 points in a full year.
 
With the playoffs coming to an end, Barzal’s ELC has finished and he is becoming a restricted free agent. The Islanders need to lockup their star centreman, but how much will they need to pay to do so? With the flat cap and the looming possibility of an offer sheet, will they be able to afford him?
 
To answer these questions and more, we need to examine several factors. First and foremost, the Islanders’ cap situation. We need to figure out how much space they have to work with, and what kind of term this means they are able to offer. From there, we need to determine how much Barzal is worth. I won’t lie, it was very hard to find players from the salary cap era that are good comparables for Barzal – there just aren’t many players like him. Because of this, rather than establish bounds for Barzal, I will instead look at a few comparable players that were offered contracts of differing length to try and gauge Barzal’s value on contracts of varying term. And to end off, because its fun, I’ll go rogue and take a quick look at two teams that may give the Islanders an offer sheet scare.
 
The Islanders’ Cap Crunch  
Currently, the Islanders have just north of $8.9million in cap space for the upcoming season. With guys like Matt Martin, Ryan Pulock, and Devon Toews all needing new contracts in addition to Barzal, it will definitely be a tight squeeze. One way around this issue would be trying to get Barzal to sign a 2 or 3-year bridge deal in order to open up space so that they can sign him long term once that deal finishes.
 
A short bridge deal is likely the best option for the Isles if they aren’t looking to move anyone as a cap dump. Outside of a bridge deal, the Islanders would need to make some smaller moves to afford a 5-year Barzal deal, or some bigger moves to afford a 7 or 8-year one. This of course makes them vulnerable to offer sheets, which we’ll talk about later.
 
If we look at a 2-year deal, contracts like Leo Komarov and Johnny Boychuk come off the books, clearing $9million in cap space. Getting a 3rd year on the deal adds names like Andrew Ladd and Semyon Varlamov (assuming Ilya Sorokin works out) to the list, bringing an additional $10.5million in cap space. A 3-year deal will also (hopefully) end in a time where the cap is no longer flat, which would be a great aid to the Islanders’ cap woes. Combine this with important players like Beauvillier, Pelech, and Sorokin needing deals after this coming season, and a 3-year bridge seems like the ideal scenario for the Isles.
 
But what would a 3-year deal look like for Barzal? To answer that, let’s jump into our first comparable player, Brayden Point.
 
A 3-Year Comparable: Brayden Point  
Another talented young centreman, Brayden Point played 3 seasons for the Tampa Bay Lightning, putting up 91 goals and 107 assists over 229 games. There were a lot of concerns and rumours circulating about his signing in Tampa, as the Lightning were getting crunched by the cap at the time. In the end, they signed him to a 3-year bridge deal valued at $6.75million per season, which makes up 8.28% of the cap.
 
Barzal Point
GP 234 229
Goals 59 91
Assists 148 107
Points 207 198
TOI 4309 4268
ATOI 18:25 18:38
P/60 2.88 2.78
S 520 530
S% 11.4% 17.2%
FO 1975 2562
FO% 42.0% 48.0%
A:G 2.51 1.18
 
Barzal Point
GP 234 229
PIM 126 66
PPTOI 679 624
APPTOI 2:54 2:43
PPTOI% 15.8% 14.6%
SHTOI 8 190
ASHTOI 0:02 0:50
SHTOI% 0.2% 4.5%
PPP 57 58
PPP/60 5.04 5.58
 
Taking a look at their numbers, we see some stark differences between the two players. Their point breakdown varies significantly, with Barzal having 28.5% of his points represented by goals, while Point has a much higher 46% of his total points being goals. On top of this, Point has an extremely high S% of 17.2%, compared to Barzal’s 11.4%. While Barzal has a slightly higher P/60, goals are often considered to be more valuable, which would give the edge to Point.
 
If we focus on their ice time, we start to see some more similarities, with both players having close to the same amount of PP time, and Point being only slightly more effective on the PP compared to Barzal. Point also got a bit of time on the PK during his sophomore season, but since then has mostly been focused on the PP and even strength play.
 
So offensively, Point gets the edge over Barzal, but how do the two stack up in terms of defense and possession?
 
Barzal-Pos CF% oZS% xGF xGA
2017-18 53.3% 53.7% 63.3 54.3
2018-19 52,2% 62.5% 63.0 53.3
2019-20 51.4% 58.0% 46.8 40.2
 
Point-Pos CF% oZS% xGF xGA
2016-17 52.4% 56.7% 40.3 36.6
2017-18 51.9% 49.3% 58.8 52.3
2018-19 51.9% 53.2% 66.6 60.1
 
Both players put up similar Corsi numbers over their first 3 seasons, however when we add in oZS%, we see that Barzal has the advantage in their first season, whereas Point has the advantage in the final 2 seasons. Looking at xGF and xGA, Barzal has the advantage for the first 2 seasons. While he has a higher value in both stats, his xGF does outweigh the additional xGA. We see a swap in the final year, where Point has a higher xGF and xGA, but in this season both players have a similar difference, leaving them on a level playing field.
 
In the end, Point is the better goal scorer, but they both have a huge impact on their team’s offense and play an important role on the PP. On top of this, both players are close defensively and get a similar amount of ice time per game. While goals are a hot commodity, elite talent is an even hotter commodity, so I don’t expect this difference to reduce Barzal’s value to much, especially because he produces at a slightly higher rate than Point. Line mate quality is also something else to consider, as many would argue Point played with much higher quality teammates.
 
If signing a 3-year deal, I wouldn’t be surprised to see a Barzal contract around the same AAV as Point’s, maybe slightly lower. Somewhere between $6.5 and $6.75million seems fair in my opinion.
 
As I’ve said before, personally I think a 3-year deal makes the most sense from the Islanders’ perspective, but what would a longer-term contract entail? Enter our next comparable, Patrick Kane.
 
A 5-Year Comparable: Patrick Kane  
While Kane might not be a centre, he is without a doubt a fantastic forward. Like Barzal, he won the Calder Trophy in his rookie season, where he put up 21 goals and 51 assists for 72 total points. Over the next 2 seasons he would score an additional 55 goals and 103 assists, bringing his 3-year point total to 230. Halfway through his 3rd season with the Blackhawks, Kane signed a 5-year extension, valued at $6.3million per year, or 11.09% of the cap at the time. The right winger was also part of the NHL’s First All-Star team in the final season of his ELC. Clearly Kane is a talented player, but how does he stack up to Barzal?
 
Barzal Kane
GP 234 244
Goals 59 76
Assists 148 154
Points 207 230
TOI 4309 4573
ATOI 18:25 18:44
P/60 2.88 3.02
S 520 706
S% 11.4% 10.8%
A:G 2.51 2.03
 
Barzal Kane
GP 234 244
PIM 126 114
PPTOI 679 920
APPTOI 2:54 3:46
PPTOI% 15.8% 20.1%
SHTOI 8 20
ASHTOI 0:02 0:05
SHTOI% 0.2% 0.4%
PPP 57 92
PPP/60 5.04 6.00
 
The answer is quite favourably, it seems. Kane puts up more goals and assists than Barzal over a comparable amount of time. He does this with a similar amount of ice time as well, resulting in a higher P/60 than Barzal. On top of this, Kane also has a lower A:G, meaning a higher proportion of his points are goals when compared to Barzal.
 
However, if we turn to special teams, we start to see an explanation for the point differences. Kane got significantly more PP time during his ELC, averaging almost a minute more than Barzal on a per game basis. This extra PP time combined with Kane’s ~19% higher PP production means that Kane has a lot more PP points, 35 to be exact. These 35 additional PP points more than make up for the total point gap between these two players, which is only 23.
 
Barzal-Pos CF% oZS% xGF xGA
2017-18 53.3% 53.7% 63.3 54.3
2018-19 52,2% 62.5% 63.0 53.3
2019-20 51.4% 58.0% 46.8 40.2
 
Kane-Pos CF% oZS% xGF xGA
2007-08 52.7% 54.7% - -
2008-09 56.3% 68.0% - -
2009-10 58.8% 68.0% - -
 
Unfortunately, xGF and xGA stats weren’t widely used near the beginning of Kane’s career, so Corsi and oZS% will have to be enough. Here, we see Barzal have the Corsi edge in their first season, while Kane takes the lead in the last 2 seasons. Although at the same time, Kane has a much higher oZS% in these last two seasons as well, and this overwhelms the smaller Corsi advantage he has over Barzal. Overall, I’m leaning towards Barzal here.
 
So what does this comparison leave us with? Barzal gets points for being a centre and the better defensive player. He is slightly worse on the PP and produces at a lesser rate than Kane overall, but this is accounted for by Kane’s higher PPTOI and PP production. At the end of the day, they are both clearly elite talents and should have a relatively similar overall value, maybe with a slight edge to Barzal.
 
Applying Kane’s contract value to today’s salary cap, we would get a 5-year deal for Barzal at a cost of $9.04million per season. This would be a tight squeeze for the Islanders, who would need to move out some contracts in order to make this work. It would also take Barzal straight to unrestricted free agency, which isn’t ideal. On top of that, it’s dangerously close to the tier 4 compensation cap for an offer sheet (1 first rounder, 1 second rounder, and 1 third rounder) slated to be ~$8.7million, which I’m sure won’t come up again at any other point over the course of this post.
 
We’ve covered short- and medium-term deals, but what would a long-term deal for Barzal look like? For the answer, we look to Mitch Marner.
 
An 8-Year Comparable: Mitch Marner  
But Mitch Marner’s deal isn’t 8 years, it’s only 6! And he’s a winger, not a centre! And he’s overpaid! This is a terrible comparison!
 
I am aware of this sub’s general opinion on Marner (shameless plug, you can check out my post on Marner vs Rantanen here), but just give me a second to explain. I will agree that Marner is slightly overpaid, but if he is a good comparable to Barzal I think offering him the same deal for 8 years will be a fairly accurate assessment of Barzal’s value. This is based upon the generally agreed upon logic that buying UFA years is more expensive than buying RFA years. This means adding an extra year or two onto the contract could make up for the fact that it’s a slight overpay at 6-years.
 
Basically, despite Marner’s contract generally being seen as an overpayment, I think it could be a good evaluation of Barzal’s worth on a slightly longer term This all assumes that Marner is a good comparable for Barzal, so let’s examine that belief further.
 
Barzal Marner
GP 234 241
Goals 59 67
Assists 148 157
Points 207 224
TOI 4309 4264
ATOI 18:25 17:41
P/60 2.88 3.15
S 520 603
S% 11.4% 11.1%
A:G 2.51 2.34
 
Barzal Marner
GP 234 241
PIM 126 86
PPTOI 679 574
APPTOI 2:54 2:23
PPTOI% 15.8% 13.5%
SHTOI 8 122
ASHTOI 0:02 0:30
SHTOI% 0.2% 2.9%
PPP 57 69
PPP/60 5.04 7.21
 
We again see our comparable has slightly better offensive stats, with Marner having a slight point lead. He does so with less time on ice, resulting in a ~9% higher P/60. Both players put up close to the same S%, and have a similar A:G, meaning their point makeups are alike. As with Kane, we see that Marner is more effective on the PP, though by a much larger margin since Marner has produced more than Barzal with less PP ice time. The extra PP points Marner gets because of this higher effectiveness almost makes up for the total point difference between him and Barzal.
 
Barzal-Pos CF% oZS% xGF xGA
2017-18 53.3% 53.7% 63.3 54.3
2018-19 52,2% 62.5% 63.0 53.3
2019-20 51.4% 58.0% 46.8 40.2
 
Marner-Pos CF% oZS% xGF xGA
2016-17 50.8% 55.9% 50.0 52.2
2017-18 52,9% 56.2% 55.1 48.2
2018-19 51.7% 52.6% 75.7 65.3
 
If we look at possession numbers, we see that Barzal has the Corsi edge in their first season, but it swings into Marner’s favour for the last two seasons. This is reinforced by the oZS%, where Marner has a higher percentage in the first season, followed by lower percentages in the remaining seasons.
 
Moving to xGF and xGA, we see Barzal having slightly higher values in both stats during the first 2 seasons, and a much lower value in both during the final season. Looking at total xGF and xGA, we see that Marner has the higher total in both stats, mostly due to the large difference in the final season. When comparing the net of these numbers, overall Barzal has the edge here, with 25.3 to Marner’s 15.1. This suggests that, in general, while Marner is better offensively, Barzal is better at shutting down chances, resulting in a higher net xGF-xGA.
 
Concluding this, Marner and Barzal have similar point makeups, with the total point output edge going to Marner. Marner is more effective on the PP, but the PP point difference does account for almost all of the point advantage he has over Barzal. On top of this, Barzal is both better at eliminating opposing team chances, as seen through his lower xGA, and he is a centre, which is seen as more valuable than a winger.
 
So, using Marner’s contract value on an 8-year deal for Barzal, we would get an AAV in the ballpark of ~$10.9million per season. And guess what? This is almost exactly the same as the tier 5 compensation cap for an offer sheet (2 first rounders, 1 second rounder, 1 third rounder), which sits at just over $10.9million. This is certainly a price many teams would consider to get a centreman of Barzal’s calibre.
 
The Threat of an Offer Sheet  
As I’ve been teasing, Barzal is a juicy target for potential offer sheets. But what teams would be willing to (and are capable of) giving up the number of picks required to get Barzal? And of those, who’s willing to risk their reputation and/or hurt their relationship with other GMs in the league? Fair warning, this is less statistical/fact based and more conjecture, so feel free to ignore this tangent.
 
I think there are two major candidates for an offer sheet: the New York Rangers and the Montreal Canadiens. Not only do both teams have the available picks, but both are among the richest teams in the league. With the rumoured money problems a lot of teams are going to have due to the pandemic, these are two teams that won’t be afraid to continue spending big money. I could see both teams in a position to do a variety of different offer sheets, from a 5-year $8.7million deal to a 7-year $10.9million deal.
 
Starting with the Rangers, they have a ton of picks to work with over the next 3 drafts and performed much better than expected this season. Imagine having the 1-2 punch of Zibanejad and Barzal down the middle. He also fits quite nicely into their roster and cup timeline, which has a ton of young talent in every position. This contract also wouldn’t hurt them cap-wise, as they have a ton of space coming off the books following next season, including Lundqvist, Staal, and a large chunk of the Shattenkirk buyout. Worst case, they force one of their biggest rivals to sign a deal they can’t afford, resulting in them having to move out players they’d rather keep. Best case, they get a high skilled centreman that could push them over the edge in terms of being cup contenders.
 
If we turn to Montreal, I think it only makes sense for them if they also get rid of Domi AND Danault in the offseason. Gaining Barzal through an offer sheet then moving Domi and Danault to get some help on the wing and defense would put Montreal in a decent spot to contend now. Their big names like Weber and Price aren’t getting any younger, so augmenting them with some young, elite talent helps in both the short and long term. We’ve also already seen that Bergevin is willing to offer sheet players in a time where so few GMs even consider it a possibility.
 
While offer sheets are fun to think about, for a player like Barzal, I think anything in the fourth tier of compensation will be instantly matched by the Islanders, as they won’t have to move too much to fit that cap hit. But if a team is willing to go bigger into the fifth compensation tier, then things could get a little rough for the Islanders. In today’s NHL, we likely won’t see any offer sheets, but it’s something interesting to think about.
 
Conclusion  
What does all this mean for Barzal and the Islanders? Let’s recap our potential contracts:  
  • Short Term: 3x$6.75million, 8.28% of cap
  • Medium Term: 5x$9.04million, 11.09% of cap
  • Long Term: 8x$10.9million, 13.37% of cap
 
As I’ve stated previously, I think the best option for the Islanders is trying to sign Barzal to a 3-year bridge deal. This would give them the opportunity to sign some smaller contracts this year without needing to move much money out via trades. It would also allow them to wait out some of their bad/unneeded contracts, freeing up more money to sign Barzal to a long-term deal after his 3 years are up. The precedent for such a deal has been set by Braydon Point, so we’ll see if Barzal follows suit. While an offer sheet is certainly a possibility, I think it’s unlikely we see one.
 
TLDR – A 3x$6.75million deal is the best option for the Islanders given their cap situation, similar to Brayden Point’s deal in Tampa Bay.
 
What are your thoughts on this? Do you think the Islanders should try to clear more room this offseason and sign Barzal long-term, or do they try and sign him to a bridge deal? Do you think we’ll see anyone offer sheet him this season? If so, who?
 
As always, thank you everyone for reading. If you enjoyed the post you can subscribe to my YouTube, where I put out video versions of these posts, or follow me on Twitter to keep up to date on when I’m posting.
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2020.09.19 23:05 pog99 Alternative Hypothesis/ Ryan Faulk distorts South Africa under Apartheid.

Originally, my plan was to continue on with his article on Slavery in the United States. However, United Left, and some previous posts of mine, more or less already debunk the picture he paints in that article. I still plan to address though at a later date.
This article, perhaps even better than the last, show how thin Faulk's objectivity is. He opens and closes as if he was actually being holistic, but instead leaves a specimen blatant rationalization over a topic common among right-wing circles, the racial history and politics of South Africa. Lets not waste time.

The impact of European colonialism on the world is often described as being profoundly negative. The popular view is that Europeans came, stole resources, destroyed cultures, and committed mass murder all over the earth. By contrast, the prevailing view 100 years ago was that Europe was supplying the world with advanced institutions which they would not develop on their own and, in so doing, was civilizing the world.
Either of these theories might be true, and, to some extent, they both are. It is obviously correct that Europe took resources from places, killed some number of people, and ended various indigenous cultural practices. It is also obviously true that Europe set up various institutions, such as capitalism and democracy, in various parts of the world which had not developed these things on their own.
Does he think state control over, say, African labor during colonialism is Capitalism? Or that limiting Local chiefs from legislation such as in Colonial Nigeria is democracy?
A broad look at the empirical evidence suggests that European colonization helped most people more than it hurt them. Research has shown that the longer, or more heavily, a place was colonized by Europeans the richer it ended up being today (Eaverly and Levine, 2012; Feyrer and Sacerdote, 2006). Moreover, in the 20th century Africa, which is the center of much of the colonization debate, saw tremendous net gains in both wealth and population size (Manning, 2013; Roser; 2016)
Going through each of these, The Easterly study mainly looks at economic growth, and honestly doesn't suffice to explain the specific of African colonial experience in that regard. The second study notes how specific conditions of colonialism influences growth, while the two figures on African population growth shows this to be particularly so in the Post colonial era. Few would consider the first decades of African independence to be embodied by these numbers.
Here's an actual balanced set of studies and explanation on Colonialism in Africa.
I find this broad view compelling, but discussions on colonialism are rarely about the broad view. Instead, people like to talk about the anecdotal experiences of particular countries at particular times, and no anecdote is more often talked about than South African apartheid.
In this article, I will examine the history of South Africa as a case study in European colonialism.
Correction: You will gloss over it in a way that reflects your political biases.
Black Origins
The earliest people known to have occupied South Africa were a type of African called Khosians. Khosians are not the group of people most people think of when they think of Black South Africans. Those are Bantus. Bantu Africans and Khosians Africans look different, traditionally spoke different languages, and lived different sorts of lives. If we turned the clock back 4 thousand years, we would find that the southern half of the African continent was almost entirely inhabited by Khosians.
Some time roughly 3,000 years ago, Bantu Africans began expanding out of eastern and central Africa. As they expanded, they displaced many of the African peoples who had previously lived there. The degree to which this expansion occurred via violence, disease, out breeding, or other means, is unknown.
By 1,000 AD, the Bantu had reached most of South Africa. However, most of the people there were still Khosians. When the Portuguese arrived in South Africa in the 1400’s, they encountered very few Bantu.
As the Bantu expanded, they divided into tribes which then went to war with one another over land. In several African nations, a specific Bantu tribe came to dominate the others and then set up an empire. This occurred in South Africa as well. In the 1810’s and 1820’s, the Zulus conquered many neighboring African tribes and formed the Zulu empire. This empire went on to last almost until South Africa was entirely under White rule.
So a few things worth mentioning, that by 1000 AD, the current trends in a predominately Bantu Eastern half and a predominately Khoisan Western Half was already established.

The Rise of apartheid
While the South African government did not obtain independence from Britain until 1948, the beginnings of Apartheid can be traced back to the land act of 1913. This law made it illegal for Whites to sell land to Blacks and vice versa. By this point, Whites had already conquered or purchased the vast majority of South African land and this law was designed to make sure that this would not change.
Between this time and the 1960’s, the Apartheid government passed many laws which further segregated the races. For instance, inter-racial marriage was banned.
The most often talked about policy of South Africa was the creation of the Bantustans. These were designated “homelands” for Black South Africans. The Apartheid government forcibly moved millions of Blacks from multi-racial areas of South Africa into these Bantustans.
As explained in the report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the people who established the Bantustans gave the following rational for their motives:
“NP politicians portrayed the homelands as a moral response to South Africa’s ‘multi-national’ reality. Apartheid theorists believed that South Africa was a country containing a number of nations, each developed to a greater or lesser degree. Freedom, they posited, could be realized only by providing the opportunity for each of these nations to exist and develop along its own lines.”
However, critics are quick to point out that the Bantustans consisted of less than a quarter of South Africa’s land even though Blacks made up an overwhelming majority of the nation’s population.
📷
Bantustans also suffered from tremendous poverty. As the Encyclopedia of Britiannia explains:
“The Bantustans were rural, impoverished, underindustrialized, and reliant on subsidies from the South African government.The original hope of the designers of the Bantustan system was that industries would be established along the Bantustan borders to utilize the cheap labour available nearby, but for the most part these hopes went unrealized. Other initiatives to create the illusion of viable economies for the Bantustans also broke down. To the end they were heavily dependent on financial aid supplied by the South African government. Poverty remained acute in the Bantustans, and child mortality rates were extremely high. Despite draconian control of where people were allowed to farm and the number of cattle they were permitted to have, Bantustan lands were oversettled, overgrazed, and hence afflicted with serious soil erosion.”
So far so good. Of course, for this to be an article by Faulk, things would have to sharply turn downward.
The Net Economic Impact of Bantustans
Such critics rarely mention the fact that as can be seen, in 1960, Black South Africans were exactly as poor as Sub-Saharan Africans generally were. By 1980 they were far richer (1).
📷
Given this, it does not seem fair to say, as some people do, that Bantustans caused Blacks to be poor. Prior to being forced into these areas, Black South Africans were just as poor as Sub-Saharan Africans generally were. Had Black South Africans been left totally alone, there is no reason to think that they would have become any richer than the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa let alone richer than they were under Apartheid. The land in Bantustans may have been bad. But this, evidently, was more than made up for by payments from the South African government.
The economic strain caused by the nature of the Bantustans is basically uncontested by actual experts as far as I know. The basis being that the clearly linked demographic disasters linked to their design have been established but ignored by the government since their early existence through the Tomlinson report and previous studies calling for reform.
Voerwerd refusing to spend the recommended budget to actually achieve independence as oppose to partial dependence for black labour, as well as the future migration to urban areas fueled by the increasingly poor conditions, suggest whatever aid given to the homelands were far from sufficient in any meaningful sense.
Height data suggests Living standards indeed deteriorated with the onset of particular labour exploitation events and that future improvements were linked to being apartheid of the same economic benefits that white South Africans were apart of. This would've been undermined had Apartheid not inadvertently fueled migration into white urban areas and new urban areas surrounding the homelands close to white populations.
Thus, whatever growth seen between Apartheid, which eventually became economically weakened from the 1970s to the 1980s, would be in spite of the laws imposed.
See here fore an overview on the arbitrary decision, poor conditions, and deceiving nature of Homeland "independence".

In conjunction with these external pressures, domestic terrorism was rapidly rising in South Africa during this time period. Following the incident in Sharpville, members of the ANC, the leading Black political party in South Africa, formed a military wing called the MK. Among its founders was Nelson Mandela, who was famously thrown in prison in 1962 for committing various acts of terrorism against the South African government.
The most famous incident of said terrorism perpetrated by the MK was the Church Street Bombing of 1983. This attack consisted of a car bomb being set off in the middle of the day on a busy street. 19 people were killed and over 200 were wounded. 📷
This is but one example from a list of many similar terrorist attacks that occurred, mostly in the 1980’s. During this time, the MK also gained a reputation for torturing prisoners.
On top of all this, in 1989 the South African president suffered a stroke that caused him to resign from office. F.W. De Klerk took his place after being elected by congress and was then re-elected by the electoral college.
De Klerk eliminated as many of the Apartheid laws as he could and, after freeing Nelson Mandela, entered into negotiations to end Apartheid.
Following the announcement of these negotiations, De Klerk’s party, the National Party, lost a national election to the pro apartheid Conservative Party. This was taken to indicate that the (White) people of South Africa did not want Apartheid to end and so De Klerk decided to hold a national referendum on whether or not to continue his negotiations to end apartheid.
The referendum was conducted in 1992 and the public was taken to have voted to end Apartheid. However, the referendum has been heavily criticized on several grounds. First, the South African government owned the media and this meant that the public only got a biased presentation of one viewpoint (Schonteich et al., 2003). Secondly, western powers were expected to plunge South Africa into a recession if they voted no (Wren, 1993). Thirdly, serious accusations of voter fraud have been made. Regardless, the negotiations continued and in 1994 Apartheid was ended.
Some Whites tried to resist the vote by setting up smaller areas of White control, but such efforts largely subsided after several Whites were executed on live TV by Black police officers. As one author wrote:
“the sight of three wounded AWB men pleading for their lives on live television and then shot in cold blood [by black policemen] had a powerful impact on the country’s Whites.”
Following the end of Apartheid, Nelson Mandela was elected president of the new South African government.
So there's an impression left here that'll pick up on later, but to give you a hint, Faulk doesn't tell you exactly who the executed whites were.
National Success Since Apartheid
Unfortunately, since Apartheid ended South Africa has declined on many metrics of national health.
Under apartheid GDP per capita usually grew roughly in sync with the rest of the World. This trend began to collapse in the 1980’s following the introduction of sanctions against the country. After apartheid ended, GDP per capita not only stagnated but, in fact, fell such that South Africans were poorer in 2002 than they were in 1982.
📷
World Bank
Of course what it also shows is an eventual recovery.
In 1980, South Africa has an unemployment rate of 9.8% (Murwirapachena et al., 2013). By 2002, that figure had risen to 30.4%, and in 2014 it was still nearly 3 times as high as it was in 1980 (Murwirapachena et al., 2013; World Bank) .
What he doesn't show is this disparity occurring before Apartheid ended, almost 10 years prior in fact.
Under Apartheid, South Africa had a longer average life expectancy than Sub-Saharan Africa generally did. Since Apartheid ended, life expectancy has stagnated and fallen such that life expectancy was almost 10 years higher in 1992 than it was in 2002.
📷
World Bank
Like the GDP, it saw a recovery.
Murder rates in South Africa began to rise in the 1970’s. Given the national turmoil of this time period, an increase in crime is unfortunate but not surprising. Perhaps less obvious, however, is the fact that murder rates exploded following the end of apartheid. As can be seen, this has disproportionately impacted Whites.
📷
(Thompson, 2004)
That is actually not supported by the data. Coloreds in South Africa make up roughly the same percentage as whites, yet their victimizations are night and day. That's actually the point of the study.
These declines have not just impacted White South Africans. The wealth gap between Blacks and Whites in South Africa was slightly lower under Apartheid than it is today.
📷(Leibbrandt et al., 2012)
This, taken in conjunction with the fact that GDP growth has slowed since Apartheid ended, implies that both Blacks and Whites in south Africa would likely be richer today if Apartheid were still in place.
Moreover, Black South Africans reported feeling less happy and less satisfied with their lives in 2008 than they did in the early 1980’s.
📷(Moller, 1998; Gaibie and Davids, 2009)
📷(Moller, 1998; Gaibie and Davids, 2009)
Thus, it seems that the economic, physical, and psychological health of South Africa has gotten worse since Apartheid ended.
The 1980s, mind you, being Apartheid at it's economical weakest compared to previous decades, going towards the trend of less government restrictions.
Kill the Boers
Anti-White racism has also risen since Apartheid ended. Today, there is a wave of mass murder being waged against the descendants of the Boers.This is how the situation was described by the president of Genocide Watch:
“Afrikaner farm owners are being murdered at a rate four times the murder rate of other South Africans, including Black farm owners. Their families are also subjected to extremely high crime rates, including murder, rape, mutilation and torture of the victims. South African police fail to investigate or solve many of these murders, which are carried out by organized gangs, often armed with weapons that police have previously confiscated. The racial character of the killing is covered up by a SA government order prohibiting police from reporting murders by race. Instead the crisis is denied and the murders are dismissed as ordinary crime, ignoring the frequent mutilation of the victims’ bodies, a sure sign that these are hate crimes*.*However, independent researchers have compiled accurate statistics demonstrating convincingly that murders among White farm owners occur at a rate of 97 per 100,000 per year, compared to 31 per 100,000 per year in the entire South African population, making the murder rate of White SA farmers one of the highest murder rates in the world.” Leon Parkin & Gregory H. Stanton, President – Genocide Watch14 August 2012
These murders are not only common place, they are also gruesome. Attie Potgieter was stabbed over 150 times while his wife and daughter, who were later executed, were made to watch.
📷
Dr. Louis John Botha was thrown into a crocodile pit and eaten alive.
📷
As a final example, consider the Viana family. The father and daughter were shot, the mother was raped and killed, and the son was drowned to death in a bath of boiling water.
📷
These murders reflect a more general anti-White sentiment which is ubiquitous in South Africa. Even leaders of the ANC, the party now in charge of the South African government, literally sang songs about killing White people as recently as 2012.
“South Africa’s ruling party on Tuesday defended the singing of an apartheid-era song with the words “Kill the Boer” in a row that has raised fears of increasing racial polarisation.” – Govender (2010)
White South Africans are also discriminated against by various South African institutions in order to make up for the damage that Apartheid institutions are thought to have done to Blacks.
First, there is discrimination in University admissions. Consider, for instance, this report on the University of Cape Town:
“The way in which the university has achieved this diversity, however, is somewhat controversial. To be admitted, white students must score the equivalent of straight A’s. Meanwhile, black and mixed-race students can get in with plenty of B’s. The University of Cape Town doesn’t make this policy a secret — admission cutoffs are listed by race in the prospectus.” – Kelto (2011)
Employers are encourage by the state to discriminate against Whites as well. The Black Economic Empowerment law set up the following point system in the country:
“Points are based on the percentage of blacks and other non-white ethnic groups in the company’s ownership and the skills training it gives to people in these groups. For companies, having a good BEE scorecard is often essential for business. The higher the BEE score they have, the more access they get to public markets and contracts.” – Iob (2013)
Finally, in may of this year South Africa passed the “land expropriation bill” which allows the government to force White South Africans to sell their land to the government at a price that the government decides. The rational behind this law is that it can undue the redistribution of land into the hands of whites which was solidified by the Land Act of 1913.
These factors have led White South Africans to abandon South Africa in large numbers. Since Apartheid ended, over half a million White South Africans have left the country. To put that in perspective, there are less than 5 million Whites in the whole country.
Some White South Africans are unable to emigrate on their own and are asking Western nations for Refugee status. The Canadian government has recently acquiesced to this request and allowed two White South Africans to come to Canada as refugees.
“31-year-old Brandon Huntley from Cape Town said he was constantly called a “white dog” and “settler” by Black South Africans back home. He was also robbed 7 times and stabbed three times by Black South Africans since his home country ended Apartheid in 1994. “There’s a hatred of what we did to them and it’s all about the color of your skin,” Huntley told the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board.The evidence Huntley provided showed “a picture of indifference and inability or unwillingness of the South African government to protect White South Africans from persecution by African South Africans,” Board Chairman William Davis said.” –
White South Africans are also asking for refugee status from the EU which, in recent years, has allowed tens of thousands of middle eastern and African refugees to cross its borders.
I won't sugarcoat the the economic and social issues of whites currently in South Africa. The problem is, aside from the victimization of Afrikaners (farmers specifically) by murders, the general economic position of whites in South Africa hasn't changed.
As for white emigration, his figure combines the total number of whites (roughly 300k) that have left between 1986 (that is before apartheid fell) and 2000, and roughly 300k between 2000-2015.
Overall, the white population only slightly shrank between 1980 and 2015.

If conquest is not a legitimate means to acquire land, the Zulu and similar Bantu tributes did not justly own South African land, nor did any other tribe of the last few hundred years. After all, this land was conquered from Khoisan and older Bantu tribes.
Moreover, if the Zulu did steal the land, it is not clear that Apartheid was in the wrong for taking it from them. Is it wrong to steal something which is stolen from the thief who stole it?
If, on the other hand, conquest is a valid way to acquire land, then White South Africans had a perfectly legitimate claim on it. This might be taken to imply that there is also nothing wrong with modern Black South Africans taking land from Whites. However, conquering land via war is not the same thing as using a false political narrative about the supposed negative effects of apartheid to take land. Moreover, forcing White people into a society that hates and mass murders them is not analogous to putting Blacks in bantustans which, as we have seen, were not as bad as they are often made out to be.
I consider the morality of conquest to be a difficult question and I won’t try to resolve it here. What I will say is that it is very hard to come up with any principled moral answer which would justify the totality of what is being done to White South Africans.
Where to begin?
  1. Assuming the validity of the right of conquest, that only applies to the right to claim land or wield power over it. That doesn't exempt moral considerations on particular acts directed towards the previous occupiers. That is, if the Zulu Empire lead to the displacement and abuse of other groups like the Khoisan, then they can be morally judged on those grounds. Same can be easily said for victims of the Anglo-Boer wars under concentration camps.
  2. "White South Africans" didn't conquer Bantu lands leading to their annexation, it was the British specifically. Boers more so are responsible for the displacement of the Khoisan in the Western Cape.
  3. "Forced Removals" weren't the direct result of being conquered, annexation was. Forced removals, then, can be viewed as a separate act apart of conquest from war and as a decision by an already formed government. It was these laws that form the basis of land claims, not British colonization in and of itself.
  4. There is noting "false" that was validly demonstrated regarding the effect of Bantustans had on the black population. Nor were the Bantustans "not that bad", as most moved out by 1986.
Political Violence
Another important question is whether or not the political violence initiated by the MK against White South Africans was justified.
Apartheid set up various laws, some of which I would consider unjust. Most importantly, Apartheid severely restricted the right of Blacks to protest. This was the justification that Mandela used for resorting to violence. He had no other choice.
This may be true, and if you think that apartheid’s policies were sufficiently horrible this may justify violence, but there is no way that the indiscriminate violence against innocent and random White south Africans that the MK engaged in can be justified. Their activities, especially in the 1980’s, were morally equivalent to any other act of mass murder.
Further more, as we have seen, Apartheid’s actions were not nearly as bad as they are often thought to have been.
This is what I was alluding to earlier, that terrorism among the Anti-Apartheid movement was directed towards whites mostly. While there were indeed anti-white motivation fueling the movement, the overwhelming majority were black. See here for an understanding.
This whole section is a strawman.
Evaluating Apartheid
Even if Apartheid improved the material and psychological conditions of Black Africans,
It didn't. De facto economic integration efforts was what lead to observed improvements.
On the other hand, the material benefit that Whites brought to South Africa, and Africa generally, was truly immense. Were it not for colonialism, most Africans alive today would have never even been born.
In South Africa, that population growth came from a reaction of concentrated poverty, not wealth.
Fundamentally, the problem of African colonialism is the problem of multi-racialism. So long as Whites allowed Blacks to continue to live in Africa, which could have only been prevented with a massive and horrific genocide, Black Africans were going to resent them.
Except in Botswana, and to a lesser extent Namibia. Both with significantly different approaches to race relations.
As Apartheid shows us, this is true even if the Whites improve the conditions of the Blacks. There will always been a feeling that Whites do not belong there and Blacks will always resent the invariably superior material conditions of Whites.
Probably because many were removed from and forced away from Urban living.
Colonialism of the United States only worked because there aren’t many Indians around anymore.
I get the feeling this is part of his Bitchute video on the topic.
The kind of colonialism practiced in Africa in which Whites would be permanent but ruling minorities in a majority Black nation was never sustainable without an uncomfortable measure of totalitarianism and even then ethnic conflict was still common place.
Again Botswana.
The violence surrounding colonialism was rarely, if ever, one sided. Today, there is a massive level of systemic racism against White South Africans. The fact that this racism is not covered in Western media offers a stark contrast with how the media covered the sins of Apartheid.
The sources of the farm murders and affirmative actions were News24, a relatively left leaning SA news source, NPR, Reuters, Voice of America and the Dailymail. Only one source was an "alternative one", which reported the murder a whole year after News24 did and relied on a mainstream Afrikaner-news report.
These get attention by "Western media".
Overall, the problems of South Africa, both in terms of Blacks resenting their White rulers under Apartheid and Whites experiencing racism today, come from the inherent difficulties of having a multi-racial society. In this sense, the story of South Africa contains lessons not only about colonialism but also about more general and pressing questions of immigration and diversity.
Or, you know, what happens when you don't consider the role of Black Africans in your government, unlike Botswana.
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2020.09.19 22:34 jango-b A Completionist Guide to Yes Live: Part Three, Masterworks Through In The Present

My compilation of just about every song Yes played on every tour, in highest quality possible, for the first decade of the century. See part two here.
Five official live albums, so most of the tours from this decade were covered. Everything listed is available either for purchase, or on the yessongs dot nl website.
YES TOURS PART THREE: 2000 - 2008
MASTERWORKS (2000) Anderson, Squire, Howe, Khoroshev, White
Close to the Edge, Ritual, and The Gates of Delirium from this tour were released as bonus tracks on Magnification.
Heart of the Sunrise, I’ve Seen All Good People, Leaves of Green, Roundabout, Starship Trooper; Concord Pavilion (June 21, 2000, Concord CA).
YESSYMPHONIC (2001) Anderson, Squire, Howe, White with Tom Brislin and orchestra
Official release: And You And I, Close to the Edge, Don’t Go, I’ve Seen All Good People, In the Presence Of, Long Distance Runaround, Magnification, Mood For a Day, Owner of a Lonely Heart, Ritual, Roundabout, Starship Trooper, and The Gates of Delirium; Symphonic Live (November 22, 2001, Heineken Music Hall, Amsterdam).
Wonderous Stories; YesSymphonic Lewiston (August 22, 2001, Artpark Repertory Theater, Lewiston NY).
Perpetual Change and Clap; Saratoga Springs (September 2, 2001, Saratoga Springs NY).
A simple little version of Here Comes the Sun (as tribute to George Harrison), a Jon poem called Change the World, and a boatload of Steve Howe solos; Classical Gas, Corkscrew, Surface Tension, Meadow Rag, In The Course of the Day, Concerto in D (2nd movement), and Second Initial; YesSymphonic European Tour Rarities (various recording dates). Quality of recordings vary.
FULL CIRCLE (02-03) Anderson, Squire, Howe, Wakeman, White
Official release: And You and I, Awaken, Clap, Don't Kill the Whale, Heart of the Sunrise, I've Seen All Good People, In the Presence Of, Long Distance Runaround, The Fish, Magnification, Roundabout, Show Me, Siberian Khatru, We Have Heaven, South Side of the Sky, To Be Over, Wakeman Solo; Live at Montreux (July 14, 2003, Montreux Switzerland).
Close to the Edge, Wonderous Stories, Starship Trooper, In the Course of the Day, Winter, and a fun birthday jam; Ruth Eckerd Hall (October 24, 2002, Clearwater FL).
The Revealing Science of God; Viva Las Vegas (August 24, 2002, Las Vegas NV).
America, Yours is No Disgrace; Desert Light (August 25, 2002, Las Vegas NV).
A long ass Squire solo including Whitefish, Tempus Fugit, and Silent Wings of Freedom, and two Steve solos, To Be Over and Clap; Centrale del Tennis di Foro Italico (July 11, 2003, Rome Italy).
YES ACOUSTIC (2004) Anderson, Squire, Howe, Wakeman, White
This was one show, recorded January 26, 2004, released officially on Yes Acoustic: Guaranteed No Hiss.
HOWEVER, during the Classic / Full Circle tour, the whole band got up early, went to XM radio and performed an all acoustic show, and it was cool as hell. They played a South Side of the Sky / And You and I mash up, Leaves of Green, Walk Don’t Run, Your Move, Show Me, and “Awaken workshop”, where they played parts of Awaken and paused to talk about it. Live and Acoustic XM Radio Broadcast (August 10, 2002, Washington DC).
35TH ANNIVERSARY (2004) Anderson, Squire, Howe, Wakeman, White
The final tour of the most enduring Yes line up.
Official release: And You and I, Every Little Thing, Foot Prints, Going for the One, I've Seen All Good People, Long Distance Runaround, Mind Drive, Owner of a Lonely Heart, Rhythm of Love, Ritual, Roundabout, Second Initial, Show Me, South Side of the Sky, Starship Trooper, Sweet Dreams, The Meeting, Time Is Time, Turn of the Century, Wonderous Stories, Yours Is No Disgrace; Songs from Tsongas (May 15, 2004, Tsongas Arena, Lowell MA).
America, Awaken; Night Must Fall - Concord (September 17, 2004).
Close to the Edge, Clap; Red Rocks of Colorado, September 10, 2004, Morrison CO).
IN THE PRESENT (08-10) David, Squire, Howe, Oliver Wakeman, White
Official release: Siberian Khatru, I’ve Seen All Good People, Tempus Fugit, Onward, Astral Traveller, Yours is No Disgrace, And You And I, Corkscrew, Second Initial, Owner of a Lonely Heart, South Side of The Sky, Machine Messiah, Heart of the Sunrise, Roundabout, Starship Trooper; In the Present – Live from Lyon (December 1, 2009, Travail, Lyon, France).
Mood For a Day, Clap; De Waerdse Tempel – Heerhugowaard (November 14, 2009, Netherlands).
Corkscrew, Sketches in the Sun; Hammersmith Apollo (November 17, 2009, London).
Close to the Edge, Long Distance Runaround, The Fish, Parallels, Soon, Intersection Blues, Aliens, and J’s Theme; Paramount Theater – Asbury Park (November 14, 2009).
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2020.09.19 17:52 creatinsanivity Let's talk a Finnish icon: The Ismo Alanko primer

I was challenged into writing a primer on one of Finland's primary songwriters of all time by u/Zhanteimi at the LetsTalkMusic discord. So here's an album-by-album runthrough of his career!
Context
No artist's career begins with the first album, so naturally nor did Alanko's. Long story short, he was born in a highly artistic family (mother a poet, all siblings musicians), picked cello as his instrument of choice, found rock (especially the Hurriganes debut) and picked a guitar, wrote his first song 'Suck and Fuck All Night Long' (no recordings of this exist, but apparently one of his bands named itself after the song), and formed a number of bands with varying levels of success. His most succesful pre-Hassisen Kone band was a prog band called Sight, which got on the second place in the prog section of Finnish Rock Championship competition (in 1977 or 1978). After he finished high school in the spring of 1979, he moved to Stockholm for the summer. This turned out to be the decision that became the catalyst for huge parts of his career, including...
Hassisen Kone - Täältä tullaan Venäjä
While in Stockholm, Alanko caught wind of a new wave of rock beginning in Finland. A breath of fresh air in the previously stale rock scene. He returned to Joensuu and put together a band from his bandmates from Sight (Reijo Heiskanen and Harri Kinnunen), and Harri's then 17-year-old brother Jussi. They eventually named the band Hassisen Kone, after a sewing machine store in town (the deeply religious shopkeeper was not amused).
The band recorded an album-length demo in 1979 and were signed on a label relatively quickly. They were also qualified to enter the 1980 Finnish Rock Championship competition (even though the judges nearly disqualified them, for they thought they might be professional musicians performing under fake names), which they won, gaining reputation preceding the recording of their debut album.
In August of 1980, the band released Täältä tullaan Venäjä. Propelled by arguably the biggest hit single in Alanko's career, Rappiolla [which was hilariously covered by Metallica recently (which was spontaneously responded to by Ismo Alanko himself)], the album became a smash hit. The album provides variety from straight-up new wave punk to talkingheadsian grooves, schlager punk, simplified swing jazz, ska-infused rock, to whatever you'd categorise 'Viimeinen rock ennen aivokuolemaa' as. It's an ambitious yet consistent whole but, in my opinion, the weakest of the three Hassisen Kone albums. The youthful anarchic feel it has can be refreshing every now and then, but this burst of energy from an obviously young (only two of the bandmembers even in their 20s, band only half a year old) band is redirected better on the follow-up.
Hassisen Kone - Rumat sävelet
Following the release of their debut, the band found themselves in a position that many acts today would both fear and envy: they played hundreds of gigs in the second half of 1980 and the first half of 1981. The gruesome touring around the country took a toll on the young band, but that's only barely comparable to the toll that the audience took on them. For example, as time went by, the band grew tired of the audience drunkenly demanding 'Rappiolla', so they stopped playing the song altogether. This time of maturing and growing more and more cynical reflected on their sophomore effort.
Rumat sävelet should not necessarily be described as bleak per se, but it is certainly darker, tighter, and more mature than the band's debut. The band tackles sounds ranging from quasi-prog expression to post-punk, punk, psychobilly, and they take the talkingheadsian qualities into a sharper direction. The lyrics touch upon issues like love, exploitation, and sex (it's curious to think that probably the most explicit Finnish song about sex before this album was about "curly armpit hair", while Alanko dares to sing about penetration itself). I have to admit that I have a bit of a bias when it comes to this one though, as it's undoubtedly my favourite album of all time.
Hassisen Kone - Harsoinen teräs (and High Tension Wire)
In 1981, the band participated on a riverboat tour with a couple of other punk acts. During this tour, the bassist broke (drugs), Alanko met "Safka" Pekkonen, and the band was generally put under huge stress as the diet consisting mainly of alcohol began burning them down and their every move was documented by either film makers Mika and Aki Kaurismäki or the columnist documenting the tour for a zine. Despite all this, some of the better live recordings of the band come from this tour, and both the live album and the Kaurismäki documentary are worth digging up for the music.
After the tour, the band expanded into a septet with the addition of a keyboardist (Pekkonen), a saxophonist (Antti Seppo), and a percussionist (Hannu Porkka). The final form of the band was shaped during the rehearsals by the departure of guitarist Heiskanen, who was replaced by the guitar wizard Jukka Orma.
Released in March of 1982, Harsoinen teräs is the band's most artistically ambitious work. It's an album combining the band's prog leanings seamlessly with the band's new wave leanings, a polished whole that takes cues from I don't even know where. Reggae at least on a couple of tracks, prog and new wave on most, but the general sound is unlike anything I've ever encountered. The album was re-recorded in English as High Tension Wire later on in the year, after a tour had slightly tightened the band's sound. The decision to do so apparently came after the decision to disband the band, which makes it a very baffling addition to Hassisen Kone's discography. You'd think that they'd release an album in English as an attempt to break into international markets, right?
Sielun Veljet - Sielun Veljet
After Hassisen Kone was disbanded (in August 1982), Alanko had a schlager rock project that eventually turned into Sielun Veljet by December. The band was comprised of Alanko, Orma, a drummer veteran Alf Forsman, Alanko's Stockholm contact Jouko Hohko on bass, Vinski Viholainen doing lighting, and a future cult legend Jouni Mömmö doing "weird noises".
Sielun Veljet were signed in early 1983, but they refused to record a studio album because Viholainen's lighting work wouldn't show in a studio recording. Instead, as a compromise, they agreed on recording a live album where "the lighting would affect the ambiance". They set out to do this on a tour they began on March, planning on recording the first show and the last one. However, fate interfered and Orma accidentally cut tendons from his fingers during the tour while cutting bread, which made the recordings from the last show basically unusable due to his difficulties in adjusting to the situation (a very punk move to finish the tour even with torn tendons, by the way).
The live album is punk/post-punk goodness. It's noisy, no-wavey rock that really shows how the band took all the drugs in the process of writing these harsh, repetitive songs. It also shows that Alanko wished to abandon messing around with intricate compositions in favour of a more stripped and primal expression.
Sielun Veljet - Lapset
In summer of 1983, the band brightened up a bit to record this odd EP in a style following directly from the debut. It's angular and distorted, yet the melodies are more melodic and jamming less bleak. It's also the home of the only a capella punk song I've ever heard.
Sielun Veljet - Hei soturit
In 1984, Sielun Veljet took their first coherent step toward a pop/rock idiom with their first studio album. Hei soturit is the awkward outlier between the band's grimy punk era and commercial rock era. It feels like a punk band working with a producer who doesn't understand punk, but even the clumsy production doesn't entirely hide the fact that some of these songs are absolutely iconic. From punk to garage rock, general oddness, and flirting even with metal, this selection of songs does provide good variety for anyone digging deeper in Alanko's body of work.
Sielun Veljet - L'amourha
The Sielun Veljet breakthrough album! The beginning of their rock era of albums, an only mildly angular affair with anthemic choruses and a muscular production. It was recorded after the band had toured all over Europe, honing their sound and Alanko finding a lot to say about international affairs and the human condition.
There are a plenty of anecdotes from the time of release of this album. The song 'On mulla unelma' was written by Alanko in Spain, when he was recovering from a disease (can't remember which one. Dysentery?) and bitter about nationalism, and it caused quite a scandal when the band unexpectedly debuted it on live television. They performed an impromptu Red Riding Hood play on their album release party instead of playing music. One of the members went missing in Russia for days after the band found a corpse. All of their instruments were stolen in Spain. There'd a lot to unpack from 1984-5 alone.
Sielun Veljet - Kuka teki huorin
The follow-up to L'amourha takes the band to a funkier place. It's a minor downgrade from the previous effort, a slightly directionless and overpolished effort that has diverse variety from RHCP-like funk rock to tango-infused rock, tribal chants, and what's essentially watered down imitation of their earlier work. It's an easy album to criticise, yet I don't find ever to be outright bad. A lot of it is extremely forgettable though
L'amourder - Ritual and Shit-Hot
Sielun Veljet recorded a bunch of their songs in English as L'amourder. Most of them follow the originals very closely, but there are a few surprises. The biggest change is on the translation of 'Tuulelta vastauksen saan', which has been turned into a cover of Bob Dylan's 'Blowin' in the Wind'.
Sielun Veljet - Suomi - Finland
Suomi - Finland begins the last era of the band, as this album brings more acoustic instruments to the mix and begins to flirt with psychedelia in a way that will culminate on the follow-up. It feels like a breaking point for the band, as it sprawls on multiple directions at once, the musicians seemingly having lost focus. It feels like a band slowly drifring apart, yet it remains consistently captivating as the different influences come together in this chaotic work.
"Various Artists" - Onnenpyörä
Sielun Veljet performed under a number of false identities on their Onnenpyörä-tour, four of which make an appearance on this recording. All of these are cover bands of sorts, and each one of them had a different repertoire of songs they played on these wildly differing sets. The most noteworthy of these personae are the pavillion dance band Kullervo Kivi ja Gehenna-yhtye and the rock band Leputation of the Slaves, the two having the most songs on the record.
Sielun Veljet - Softwood Music Under Slow Pillars
Who would have thought that the noisy punk band in 1983 would eventually release what could be called a psychedelic flamenco album in 1989? Many factors come together here, as the band continues on their effort to sell their music internationally by making the biggest left turn in memory. Orma's fascination with flamenco combines here with influences Alanko picked up in India and what could be called a somewhat logical progression from the budding psychedelia of Suomi - Finland. It's a weird album, that's for sure. A bit inconsistent, but easily among the strangest albums I've ever heard.
Ismo Alanko - Kun Suomi putos puusta
In 1990, Alanko found himself in a situation where Sielun Veljet had almost run its course and he could finally start building a solo career. He recorded this solo debut as a quasi-concept album about rural flight, combining the various interest he wasn't able to pursue with the band into a unique singesongwriter album of sorts. It's a classic album and, in some ways, an ideal entry point into Alanko's work as it feels like it's his personal expression in its purest form.
The music on the album sounds mainly like pop rock of sorts, but it also takes cues from melancholic singesongwriter stuff, joyous showtunes, post-punk akin to Nick Cave's work, and some field recording experiments. It finds a good balance between artistic ambition and catchiness, and it's home to some of the most iconic tracks in Ismo Alanko songbook.
Sielun Veljet - Musta laatikko
Do you know Tom Waits' Orphans? This one is kind of like that. Three discs filled with random stuff recorded over years.
The first disc, "Muistinmenetys", is one third a new studio album (very weird new direction to take, something that feels like a cross between chill hippie jamming and 80s dance pop), one third music from some production, and one third short excerpts from live performances. The second disc, "Taudinkuva", is mainly live performances of late 80s Sielun Veljet songs, Tuomari Nurmio covers, and some other oddities. And finally, the third disc, "Isältä pojalle", is a full pavillion dance set, the band LARPing as a suave and jazzy house band playing waltz, tango, schlager, and anything that's really expected of them.
This album is definitely a skippable one, but there are a few gems that an Ismo Alanko fan might get a lot out of. The flamenco pieces are cool, the Tuomari Nurmio covers are nice (more about those later), and that pavillion dance set is unexpectedly fun, especially if you're not already familiar with the tradition.
Ismo Alanko - Jäätyneitä lauluja
Alanko goes electronic! This album was originally lauded as cutting edge and a sign of significant artistic growth, but it has definitely fallen in popularity over the years. It sounds extremely like a product of its time, so if you like non-industrial synthpop-y rock from 90s, this is exactly your thing. Overall, it's still very surprising how many Alanko live staples come from this album though, and how some of his live bands have improved on all of them.
Ismo Alanko - Taiteilijaelämää
If someone doesn't think that Kun Suomi putos puusta is Alanko's magnum opus, they usually pick this one. Taiteilijaelämää feels like a combination of the first two solo albums (acoustic, electric, and electronic joining hands in harmony), but brought into the mid-90s rock idiom. The result is an interesting album that lacks real highs but remains consistently accessible, and the one Ismo Alanko work I've heard to have resonated with Beck fans for some reason.
Ismo Alanko - I-r-t-i
I made the mistake of learning that this album was written in only two weeks (because Alanko wanted to test himself), and now that's all I can think of while listening to it. This does feel halfbaked. The accessible rock sound it has is underproduced and covers up lazy songwriting more than once. That said, Alanko has later on proven that some of these songs can be absolutely amazing live, and the demo-like quality many of these tracks have can be seen as a feature instead of a bug. Pushing its flaws aside, I feel that it is underappreciated as an album, and feel like its high points deserve more attention.
Ismo Alanko Säätiö - Pulu
Säätiö was an interesting group. I'm honestly still a bit unclear whether they should be considered Alanko's backing band, a band that just happened to capitalise on his name, or a fullblown collective of musicians. Alanko's statements concerning the group together with the changing lineups on Säätiö albums both point to all three options. What I do know is that the band has two distinct eras, the first one kickstarted by Pulu.
I genuinely believe that the first iterarion of Säätiö is the most important band Alanko worked with. The amount of pure talent in that band is staggering with Jussi Kinnunen (Hassisen Kone) on bass, Teho Majamäki (HC Andersen, Tapani Rinne, Ismo Alanko Teholla) on percussion, Kimmo Pohjonen (you will want to check his solo stuff) on accordion, and Marko Timonen (Värttinä, Tuomari Nurmio) on drums giving Alanko's songwriting a fascinating folk rock spin, reeking of schlager and eastern mysticism. Pulu is an album that seeps nostalgia, is radical enough to upset traditional folk nerds, is accessible enough to have produced multiple Alanko live staples, and is significant enough a twist on Alanko's tropes to sound fresh even in his eclectic body of work. Yet, I feel like it's so self-referential that I feel like recommending it as anyone's first Ismo Alanko album could be a mistake.
Ismo Alanko Säätiö - Luonnossa
Säätiö playing acoustic renditions from the entire Ismo Alanko songbook, from Täältä tullaan Venäjä to Pulu. An exciting set, and definitely one of the best live albums I've ever heard. The band reworks this wide variety of songs into captivating folk rock, transforming the music into forms that defy expectations. There are some duds though, but not all fan favourites can sound great with just one band.
Ismo Alanko Säätiö - Sisäinen solarium
This is possibly the weirdest Ismo Alanko album to this date. It continues with nearly the same lineup as on Pulu, but takes the music in a radically new direction, exploring what modernised folk could be rather than wallowing on nostalgia. This means updating the largely acoustic instrumentation with both electric and electronic instruments, and creating an unpredictable tapestry of music with influences that are surprisingly difficult to pinpoint. Some say this kind of experimentation cheapens traditional folk (which is something I can agree with regarding some songs on this album), but I'm not sure if such a clearcut statement can be made of the full album. It's certainly aiming for a sound of its own.
Ismo Alanko Säätiö - Hallanvaara
This is where Säätiö's status as a band becomes complicated. There's absolutely no reason to call this anything but an Ismo Alanko solo album, so marketing it as an Ismo Alanko Säätiö album is baffling to say the least. I mean, the only constants on this album are Alanko himself, the producemulti-instrumentalist Riku Mattila, and various symphonic elements (I don't want to downplay the work the symphonic orchestra and the string section do on this album, but they have been used quite haphazardly). There are three members from the previous Säätiö albums involved in this project: Marko Timonen on nine tracks, Samuli Laiho on seven tracks, and Kimmo Pohjonen on one track. In addition to this, there's the bassist of the next iteration of Säätiö, Jarno Karjalainen, on six tracks. Thus, there are Säätiö band members playing on the majority of these tracks, but never as a full band.
That all being said, I believe this to be the best Säätiö album. The melancholic pieces are beautifully fragile, the pop tracks are catchy, the massive songs are massive, and the atmospheric pieces are chillingly well-arranged. And even the weaker songs here are excellent live, making this album probably the richest one to mine for a live set of any kind.
Ismo Alanko Säätiö - Elävää musiikkia
Honestly, this feels like a bit of a throwaway live album. On one hand, these rock renditions of a great setlist of songs are unique but, on the other hand, none of these performances improve on the studio recordings. 'Kansallispäivä' and 'Julkinen eläin' come really close though, both being sharper and meaner than the 80s versions.
Ismo Alanko Säätiö - Minä ja pojat
The first album with the second iteration of the band. Fuzzy rock in similar vein to Smashing Pumpkins and their kin, but played through the lense of Alanko's style of songwriting. It's never as hard-hitting or catchy as an album by a great rock band would be -- all of the songs soften up during the chorus -- but the youthful and slightly naivistic touch is welcome after a string of artistically ambitious albums. That said, I'm only attached to a single song on the whole album, which is definitely not a good sign.
Ismo Alanko Säätiö - Ruuhkainen taivas
The second (and last) studio album of the second iteration of Säätiö is a different beast than the first one, taking the rock approach to a slightly more complex direction. It's more mature and chromatic than the first album, yet I personally find it to sound slightly less inspired. However, at the same time, it does have more tracks that I would consider keepers and the general sound is harder to define. Thus, it's definitely a divisive album, conflicting.
I'm not sure how to describe the sound of this album. It's unmistakeably early 2000s rock, sounding like an average Finnish rock band from the era, yet the songwriting and the production also remind me of the band Wire out of all things. It's a digestible alternative/indie rock sound, whenever it doesn't abruptly go in a new direction.
Sielun Veljet - Otteita Tuomari Nurmion laulukirjasta
Remember those random Tuomari Nurmio covers on Musta Laatikko? Turns out, Sielun Veljet recorded a full album of those in (I assume) late 80s. They didn't end up using those recordings for anything, so they were packed away and stored somewhere. Years went by and a good portion of those recordings were destroyed due to poor storing conditions, but someone was eventually inspired to put the surviving songs to good use.
You'll be in for a treat, if you like Sielun Veljet and have never heard anything by Tuomari Nurmio. Most of these covers are originally from Nurmio's early 80s albums, his strange new wave turned into the angular rock Sielun Veljet perfected. Some of these songs only barely work, some sound like Sielun Veljet originals, but most are just serviceable covers. It's still a good album though.
Ismo Alanko Teholla - Blanco spirituals
After putting Säätiö on hold (perhaps indefinitely), Alanko joined forces with Teho Majamäki, the first iteration Säätiö percussionist. Together they stripped down a number of Ismo Alanko songbook staples to a form they could perform as a duo, essentially bringing the strengths of Alanko's live performances alone together with the strengths of him performing with a small ensemble. This endeavour proved succesful, so the two recorded two albums of original music as well.
The music of Blanco spirituals is surprisingly full. The two musicians fill space well, with Alanko singing and playing chord instruments (mainly guitar and piano), while Majamäki stretches himself as thin as possible, working a drumset, vibes, an array of percussions, an oscillating delay pedal, and singing backing vocals. It's usually at least two of those at the same time, often three. Him working in a live environment is a sight to behold.
This is honestly one of my favourite Ismo Alanko albums. The stripped down arrangements bring the most out of Alanko's songwriting. The selection of songs highlight very different sides of his style, from theatrical piano ballads to singalong acoustic guitar romps, silly pop songs, and trance-inducing rock. It's by no means a perfect album, but these simple songs all work in one way or another.
Sielun Veljet - Kansan parissa (1-4)
Archival live recordings of sets recorded around 1989-1991. The first one is a typical Sielun Veljet set, the second one filled with Tuomari Nurmio covers, the third one is material from Softwood Music Under Slow Pillars, and the fourth one is a mix of subtle experimentation, new tracks, and deep cuts. Quite a comprehensive collection of live music. However, only few tracks are really worth keeping, including the electrifying high-tempo performance of 'Lammassusi' and the prototypical version of Alanko's 'Don Quiote'.
Ismo Alanko Teholla - Onnellisuus
The simplicity of the previous album is gone, replaced by a polished and highly produced pop sound. The DIY duo sound gives way to a more layered style, where synths, samples, and doubled vocals are added to the band's sound. Acoustic instruments are largely replaced by electric guitars and synths, turning the folksy garage band sound to a sleak and radio-friendly beast. If the fact that I just phrased the same exact thing in three ways didn't clue you in yet, I'm not particularly fond of this change of direction. However, I've seen this ridiculously often called the best Ismo Alanko album since the 90s, so it does appeal to the masses.
If you like 2010s pop and are looking for a decent gateway to Alanko's music, this could be the album to start with. It's accessible.
Hassisen Kone - 20 vuotta myöhemmin
Hassisen Kone had a reunion in 2000. They played a show that was both filmed and recorded. It's an interesting document of musicians playing music they wrote 20 years earlier. However, it ultimately sounds a bit tired compared to both the tight playing on their studio recordings and the energy levels on their 80s live recordings.
Ismo Alanko - Maailmanlopun sushibaari
Remember when I said that most pick between Kun Suomi putos puusta and Taiteilijaelämää as Alanko's magnum opus? Well, this is that one for me. I'm not saying that to imply that it would be his best album, but it's the album where he finally brings his disparate influences together in a coherent but eclectic way. If Kun Suomi putos puusta is where Alanko's artistic voice is at its purest, this is where it is at its maturest and most representative of the multi-faceted artist he has become during his career.
More or less incidentally, this is also Alanko's midlife crisis album. It's not entirely thematic -- who even knows what 'Kuusilmä' is about? -- but it does touch upon themes like growing old, dying, passing the torch, losing one's touch, and liking the colour grey. It's not quite on the nose, but you don't exactly have to dissect the lyrics to find those undercurrents.
So what does the album sound like? It's lighter than you'd imagine based on the central themes. There's rock, funk, subtle latin feel, a capella, pop, traditional folk, and even an ambitious rock opera about what sounds like a zombie apocalypse. It's fairly eclectic, making it a nice first solo album to release in nearly two decades.
Ismo Alanko - 33 1/3: Kolmannesvuosisata taiteilijaelämää
This is the Ismo Alanko live album I recommend people to start with. Are these performances as exciting as their studio versions? No. But I'd argue that they don't have to be. The main strength this recording has is its uniformity. The songs are played in a generic rock band style, but it doesn't change the fact that the setlist is good and diverse. There's no compilation that would dive this deep in such a digestible manner. Essentially, this is the middle-of-the-road pick that gives an excellent cursory look into a prolific artist's entire body of work (up until 2013).
Ismo Alanko - Ismo Kullervo Alanko
Considering how introspective and self-reflective the previous album is, it's surprising that Alanko decided to name this one after himself. It works though. The songs are produced sparser and airier than on any other Ismo Alanko album, making the music feel intimate and almost confessional. It feels like you're sitting in the same room with him, as he opens up to you. Amazingly produced album.
Ismo Alanko - Pannaanko pakasteet pieneen pussiin?
To be frank, I don't think this EP is an essential release. It's noteworthy for the modern hobo blues feel it has, and for having one of the very few covers Alanko has recorded so far, but none of these songs have an iconic feel to them. The best I can say about it is that none of the songs are bad, but neither are they memorable.
Ismo Alanko - Yksin Vanhalla
I wish more band-focused artists performed live alone every now and then. An arrangement stripped down to just vocals and an instrument (in Alanko's case, usually acoustic guitar, piano, or cello) turns every song into something entirely different. However, the lyrics grow in significance as instruments are dropped, so your mileage may vary with this one. I still enjoy it though.
Pohjonen Alanko - Northern Lowland
Alanko collaborates with Kimmo Pohjonen and Tuomas Norvio to bring us an electronic neon-shamanic album. Primal chants and vocalisations blending together with beats ranging from harsh to chill and breakbeat-y. It's a fascinating EP, even if highly gimmicky and lacking a sense of direction. Besides, this stuff will always be better live than on a studio recording.
Ismo Alanko - Minä halusin olla niin kuin Beethoven
And finally, the latest Ismo Alanko album, where he takes yet another left turn. This one was mainly recorded by Alanko alone in a studio, but eventually a drummer and a keyboardist were brought in to round up the sound. And what a sound it is! Youthful indie rock with a production that's stuck somewhere between the 00s and the 80s. If it were not for 58-year-old Alanko's vocals and eccentric riffing, I could very well believe this to be a debut album by ambitious 20-somethings.
Summary
Since Alanko's full albums are not readily available on many countries (especially the US), I'll provide a summary that's somewhere between a longish TL;DR, a series of recommendations, and a quick-glance overview of his career.
Album:: Täältä tullaan Venäjä (1980) [new wave punk] Representative track: Rock ehkäisyvälineitä vastaan (a bouncy high-tempo punk track)
Album: Rumat sävelet (1981) [new wave/post-punk] Representative track: Jurot nuorisojulkkikset (a gloomy post-punk-infused rock track)
Album: Harsoinen teräs (1982) [new wave/progressive rock] Representative track: Kupla kimaltaa (a well-flowing new wave track with a progressive song structure)
Album: Sielun Veljet (1983) [punk/post-punk] Representative track: Pieni pää (a noisy punk track with groovy tribal drumming and metallic guitar playing)
Album: Lapset (1983) [punk/post-punk] Representative track: Elintaso (an angular punk track)
Album: Hei soturit (1984) [post-punk/alternative rock] Representative track: Tää on tää (a straightforward punk track with a catchy hook)
Album: L'amourha (1985) [post-punk/hard rock] Representative track: Peltirumpu (a hard-hitting rock song with dissonant guitars)
Album: Kuka teki huorin (1986) [post-punk/funk rock] Representative track: Kristallilapsia (a funk rock track with screechy guitars and an unfunky bassline)
Album: Suomi - Finland (1988) [post-punk/psychedelic rock] Representative track: Totuus vai tequila (a ferocious folk punk track)
Album: Softwood Music Under Slow Pillars (1989) [psychedelic rock/flamenco] Representative track: Life is a Cobra (a psychedelic track combining flamenco rhythms and Indian string sections)
Album: Kun Suomi putos puusta (1990) [singesongwriter] Representative track: Kun Suomi putos puusta (a gentle organ-led track with subtle folk influence and field recordings)
Album: Jäätyneitä lauluja (1993) [electronic rock] Representative track: Pornografiaa (a slightly industrial-tinged electronic rock track)
Album: Taiteilijaelämää (1995) [art rock] Representative track: Nuorena syntynyt (a 90s sounding rock track with a freeform looseness to it)
Album: I-r-t-i (1996) [alternative rock] Representative track: Kriisistä kriisiin (a rock track with a steady dance pulse on the actual rock sections)
Album: Pulu (1998) [folk rock/art rock] Representative track: Rakkaus on ruma sana (a track with pseudo-shamanistic verses and catchy choruses)
Album: Sisäinen solarium (2000) (art pop/folk rock) Representative track: Kirskainen hyvätyinen (a largely electronic and pulsing track that feels one part a strange rock experiment and one part a traditional Finnish folk song)
Album: Hallanvaara (2002) (art pop/symphonic rock) Representative track: Paratiisin puu (a smooth pop track with significant classical influence)
Album: Minä ja pojat (2004) [alternative rock] Representative track: Joensuu (a straightforward and fuzzy rock song)
Album: Ruuhkainen taivas (2006) [alternative rock) Representative track: Paskiainen (a rock track alternating between manic psychobilly and catchy radio rock)
Album: Blanco spirituals (2008) [minimalistic art pop] Representative track: Päästänkö irti (an acoustic rock track with an interesting chord sequence)
Album: Onnellisuus (2010) [art pop] Representative track: Onnellisuus (a danceable and atmospheric pop track)
Album: Maailmanlopun sushibaari (2013) [alternative rock] Representative track: Vanha nuori (an accessible pop track with a funky brass section and theatrical choruses)
Album: Ismo Kullervo Alanko (2015) [art pop/singesongwriter] Representative track: Lintuperspektiivi (a melancholic and sparsely produced track with airy ambience)
Album: Northern Lowland (2018) [glitch hop-y tribal electronic music] Representative track: Northern Lowland (a track with primal chanting and glitchy beats)
Album: Minä halusin olla niin kuin Beethoven (2019) [80s flavour indie rock] Representative track: Transsioletettu tanssi (a funky rock track with a somewhat generic 2000s rock chorus)
Discussion
What is your opinion on Ismo Alanko? I personally enjoy how prolific and eclectic he has been, and I find it a shame that most of his work has never left Finland. I can especially imagine punk fans easily getting into his 80s work.
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2020.09.19 16:15 SupSiri r/soccer World Tour \#2 - Thailand - Thai Premier League


Brief History
The Thai League is one of the newer leagues on our continent. We had our official league format since 1996, but it was not until 2009 that we founded the Thai League Co.,Ltd to comply with the international standard.
Before all of this we had had our oldest cup, Kor Royal Cup, in a usual cup format, since 1916. The Kor Royal Cup changed to the super cup format from 1999 to 2016, in which year we scrapped the tournament.
If you look into our football history, you’ll see a lot of clubs that were tied to companies, armies, or state enterprises. But since the 2000s, we have shifted toward teams that are tied to local communities. For example, Airforce United sold its right to participate in the league to Udon Thani FC, Bangkok Bank FC is now defunct, and Provincial Electric Authority FC is now named Buriram FC, etc. Only a few clubs like Police Tero and Port FC are still up and running in the top flight.
While our history as a league is quite short, we still have some marks in continental football. In 1994 and 1995, Thai Farmers Bank FC (now defunct), won Asian Club Championship (now AFC Champions League). Unfortunately, apart from BEC Tero’s, now known as Police Tero, miraculous run to 02/03 AFC Champions League final, no team ever came close.

Big Clubs’ History and Rivalries
Buriram United, formerly named Buriram PEA, was founded in 1970. Buriram is located in the lower northeastern part of Thailand. Their homeground is Chang ARENA (Thunder Castle Stadium), the first stadium in Thailand that has no running tracks between the pitch and the stand, and is regarded as one of the best private-owned stadiums in Thailand.
Since the inception of Thai League, they’ve won 7 league titles, 4 FA Cups, 5 League Cups, and have managed domestic treble three times in 2011, 2013, and 2015. 2015 is also one of their best seasons ever as they also finished the league invincible.
Their main rival is Muangthong United. Muangthong United, or SCG Muangthong UTD, while their achievements pale in comparison with Buriram’s, they are still regarded as one of the biggest clubs in Thailand. With 4 league titles and 2 League Cups, they are one of the most successful clubs in the Thai League era.
They once had an invincible season in 2012, the first ever in Thai football’s history.
A bit of fun fact about Muangthong. In 2011-12, Robbie Fowler agreed to play for them. And after the sacking of Henrique Calisto, their head coach at that time, Fowler was made PlayeCoach at Muangthong.
Another big club is Chonburi FC. Their trophy cabinet is quite small, having only 1 league title and 1 FA Cup to show, but mainly because they came second five times in the league. In all those five instances, either Buriram or Muangthong came first.
Chonburi are on a decline recently. After they failed to win the league in 2014, finished second after the Champion, Buriram, by three points. They haven’t managed a top three finish since. You might say they are the Everton of Thailand, both are old legacy teams in mid table, wear blue shirts, and once had a connection through Chang Beer, so it’s quite fitting.
These three were once rivals, but as Buriram dominated, the heated rivalries died down. Now, we still have some rivalries in the league, but mainly between the Ultras, casual fans still don’t feel those things much yet, as our football culture is not yet as strong as in Europe. I hope we will witness some strong rivalries again, right now some say Port FC vs Muangthong is quite big, but I personally don’t think they are gonna last. I hope I’m wrong.
Also there might be some new big teams in a few years, because as of now, all three teams above are in mid table.

Key Moments
In all honesty, I don’t think there are that many memorable moments. Because since 2008, either Buriram or Muangthong have won the league, the only memorable moment for me would be last season's title race.

The 2019 Thai League Title Race
Standings before final game:
# Team Pld W D L GD Pts
1 Buriram 29 16 9 4 +26 57
2 Chiangrai 29 15 10 4 +22 55
Buriram need to win their next away game against Chiangmai, while Chiangrai are hoping for an away win against Suphanburi and that Buriram draw/lose. Because Chiangrai have better H2H against Buriram, so if they are level, Chiangrai will win the league.
Every Buriram hater is now cheering for Chiangrai. If Chiangrai win the league, this will be the first time in 2010s that Buriram have no trophies at the end of the season, and Chiangrai's first ever top flight win. Also Newin Chidchob, Buriram’s chairman, said that they would refuse to receive the Champion cup at the away stadium, and will require the FA to have the ceremony on a later date at their stadium only. As you can imagine, this sparked quite a controversy among Thai football fans, and now everyone wants a laugh.

*Match Day 30, 26/10/2019*
At the end of half time
> Chiangmai 0 - 0 Buriram Suphanburi 1 - 1 Chiangrai
At 48 min, William Henrique scores for Chiangrai
> Chiangmai 0 - 0 Buriram Suphanburi 1 - 2 Chiangrai
At 53 min, Nacer Barazite scores for Buriram
> Chiangmai 0 - 1 Buriram Suphanburi 1 - 2 Chiangrai
After that Chiangrai pulled through and would win comfortably 5-2 against Suphanburi, but Buriram are still winning and we have already entered the last few minutes of the game. Only the most hopeful would hope for a last minute goal from Chiangmai.
But at the dying moment of the game, Caíque Lemes scored a header for Chiangmai and destroyed Buriram’s hope for their trophy.
After the whistle, Chiangrai won the league on the merit of H2H, Buriram didn’t receive the cup at the away stadium as their chairman said. A fitting ending, at least for me.

Current Season
# Team Pld W D L GD Pts
1 Bangkok Utd 4 4 0 0 +7 12
2 Ratchaburi 4 4 0 0 +5 12
3 Port 4 3 1 0 +7 10
4 BG Pathum 4 3 1 0 +5 10
As you can see, the big teams I mentioned above are not here, but the season just restarted so we might see some changes. Every team still has 24-25 more matches to play so anything can happen, some teams even sign new players during Covid lockdown. I really don’t know anyway for non-Thai speakers to follow the league, but if this has enough interest, I’ll post updates in the World Football thread. Sawasdee krub.

**Previous posts in series**
  1. South Korea - K League
If you're interested in contributing to this series of posts about a league you follow, leave a comment on this thread
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2020.09.19 11:17 labor-attorney Korean labor law: Legal Effect of a Retention Bonus (Signing Bonus)

Korean labor law: Legal Effect of a Retention Bonus (Signing Bonus)
https://preview.redd.it/6ia4c2oon2o51.jpg?width=3024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=aa7e31763d7f826a8f52195e20f5dcc22e92d35e

Legal Effect of a Retention Bonus (Signing Bonus)

I. Introduction

A company can use several methods to retain highly-skilled workers for a long time, with two representative examples. One is through a non-compete clause[1] in the employment contract or rules of employment, whereby the employer prevents capable workers from transferring to competitive companies, and the other is through a signing bonus,[2] where the employer tries to restrict the transfer of workers through financial means. A non-compete clause is hard to validate as it restricts the freedom of a worker’s occupation. The Supreme Court has argued that "even if there is a non-compete agreement between the employer and the employee, if such an arrangement excessively restricts the constitutionally-guaranteed freedom of occupation, or the right to work or free competition, an action contrary to good social order, such as good customs as set forth in Article 103 of the Civil Law, should belong to invalidity.”[3] For this reason, many companies prefer signing bonuses, which have a direct effect on the reduction of turnover by good manpower.
I recently received an inquiry from a company about the effectiveness of a retention bonus clause[4]. For this company, 30% of the annual salary is set as bonus, with 50% paid with the 1st year's salary in January, and the remaining 50% paid in January of the following year. In return, the worker must work for three years. The employer wants to include the following clause: "If the employee resigns prior to the agreed three years, the retention bonus shall be returned." The company asked for a legal review of the validity of this. In this case, I concluded that for the retention bonus to be set for three years would be no problem, considering related matters such as the nature of the related wage, the prohibition of forced labor, the Prohibition of Predetermination of Nonobservance, etc.
In this article, I would like to deal with this issue in more depth, reviewing (ii) the characteristics of a special bonus and violation of the Labor Standards Act; (iii) the legal effect of a signing bonus; and (iv) the criteria for a signing bonus.

II. The Characteristics of a Special Bonus and Determining Whether it Violates the Labor Standards Act

  1. The Characteristics of a Special Bonus
The term "wages" as defined in Article 2 of the Labor Standards Act refers to “wages, salaries and any other money and valuable goods an employer pays to a worker for his/her work, regardless of how such payments are termed." Regarding the wage status of bonuses, such bonus can be regarded as wage if payment conditions and payment timing are set in a collective agreement or employment rules, etc. and if the payment of such bonus is customary for all employees. If the above conditions are satisfied, such special bonus can be recognized as having the characteristics of wages. Concerning the legal characteristics of a "Retention Bonus", the Ministry of Employment and Labor judged that this bonus could not be considered as wages under the Labor Standards Act if payment was not stipulated in a collective agreement or rules of employment, etc., and if the employer temporarily or voluntarily paid it on condition of securing longer employment.[5] Therefore, it is not included in the average wage for the calculation of severance pay.
2. Determining Whether a Special Bonus Violates the Labor Standards Act
“Prohibition of forced labor” as stipulated in Article 7 of the Labor Standards Act means that “No employer shall force a worker to work against his own free will through the use of violence, intimidation, confinement or any other means which unlawfully restricts mental or physical freedom.” It is forced labor to cause workers to carry out unwanted work. However, it is not forced labor for an employer to direct, supervise or legally sanction workers to fulfill their obligation to provide work under an employment contract.[6] The penal provisions of Article 7 (prohibition of forced labor) impose a penalty of imprisonment of not more than 5 years or a fine of not more than KRW 30 million, while the penalty for violation of Article 20 (Prohibition of Predetermination of Nonobservance) is a fine of less than KRW 10 million. Therefore, in the application of the signing bonus case, Article 20 of the LSA Act, which includes the voluntary intentions of the employees, is more appropriate than Article 7, which governs only direct physical and mental restraint, such as assault, intimidation and confinement.[7]
The prohibition of predetermination of nonobservance prescribed in Article 20 of the Labor Standards Act stipulates that "No employer shall enter into a contract by which a penalty or indemnity for possible damages incurred from breach of a labor contract is predetermined.” This is to prevent an employee from being forced to continue to work against his/her will by previously agreeing to pay a certain amount of money without determining the type and degree of the actual damage to the employer because of non-fulfillment of the employee’s employment contract.[8] In order to guarantee performance in a contractual relationship, the Civil Act may apply penalties or damages for default in advance at the conclusion of a contract (Article 398 of the Civil Code ‘Liquidated Damages’). However, while a penalty for non-fulfillment of work is a means of securing long-term employment of good manpower for the employer, it does prohibit employees from resigning, because of the burden of penalty payment.[9] As concerns provisions for the prohibition of ‘Liquidated Damages’, labor contracts in the form of penalties for existing wages are not allowed, but reimbursement of training costs and bonuses with reasonable and valid content is permitted, because it does not unduly limit freedom of resignation.[10]

III. Legal Effectiveness of a Signing Bonus

  1. Situations where the return commitment of the signing bonus is valid
(1) Suwon regional court ruling on May 13, 2013: 2002gahap12355: An employee agreed that he would receive KRW 150 million as a retention bonus for 3 years’ compulsory stay, which he would repay if he left the company prematurely. After 7 months of service, he moved to a competitor company. The court ruled, “The retention bonus does not belong to the wage and can be excluded from application of Article 20 of the LSA (Prohibition of Predetermination of Nonobservance), but the company paid the bonus for the purpose of retaining the employee for 3 years. Therefore, the employee should repay the retention bonus.” (2) Seoul regional court ruling April 29, 2013: 2013kahap231: An employee received a signing bonus of KRW 50 million, which he agreed to repay if he left the company before two years after receiving this money. He then left the company after 7 months. The court ruled, “This signing bonus to retain the employee for a certain period of service cannot be translated as forced labor, and it also does not violate Article 20 of the LSA (Prohibition of Predetermination of Nonobservance).”
(3) Changwon District court ruling on November 17, 2007: 2007na9102: According to a mutual agreement between a company and an employee, the company was to pay a special bonus to the employee in accordance with the length of service, ranging from 12 months to 41 months of the normal wage, in return for which the employee would stay for two years from the date on which the employee was paid. The agreement stipulated that in the event that the employee resigned from the company, the special bonus would be returned to the company for a period not exceeding two years. The employee who received the compensation from the company submitted a resignation letter and resigned on the day after the receipt of the compensation. In this case, returning compensation based on two years of obligatory work does not restrict the freedom of choice of the workplace or freedom of retirement. The court agreed with the company’s rule that the special bonus should be returned.
  1. Instances where the return commitment of the signing bonus is invalid
(1) Supreme Court ruling on Oct. 23, 2008: 2006da37274: When an employee joined the company, he signed a retention bonus agreement whereby he would receive KRW 500 million and serve the company for 10 years. If he resigned before 10 years, he would repay a penalty of KRW 1 billion. In this case, the court ruled that this retention agreement violated Article 20 of the LSA (Prohibition of Predetermination of Nonobservance) and became null and void.
(2) Inchon regional court ruling on April 29, 2013: 2013gahap3994: An employee promised to stay in the company for at least 5 years, and received KRW 50 million as a retention bonus. In the agreement, the employee agreed to repay 3 times the value of the retention bonus received if he did not fulfill the agreement. After 5 months of service, the employee resigned. The company claimed KRW 150 million, three times the amount of the retention bonus. In this case, the court rejected the employer’s claim.
3. The Supreme Court ruling on Signing Bonuses[11]
(1) Case details: A company that manufactures robot doctors (ROBODOC) hired an experienced engineer in the field of fuel cells at S company on January 13, 2009 for a period of four years. The company made a recruitment agreement to pay KRW 100 million as a signing bonus separate from the salary. The recruitment agreement contained a stipulation that the company guaranteed employment for seven years, and the employee would work for the company for seven years. The employee resigned on April 12, 2010 for personal reasons. The company sued for return of the signing bonus, but the district court dismissed the plaintiff’s (company’s) claim (Dongbu District Court, 2010kahap13266). The company appealed, and the Seoul High Court partially accepted the claim that the employee should pay a prorated amount of the signing bonus, stating that the signing bonus was: 1) a special incentive to join the company, 2) a full down payment for 7 years of pre-emption, and 3) a special bonus to expect 7 years’ service (Seoul High court 2011na22827).
(2) Decision of the Supreme Court: The Supreme Court dismissed the plaintiff's claim, saying, "As the company concluded labor contracts as a way of hiring experienced professional personnel, the so-called “signing bonus”, the following points should be taken into consideration: ① Whether or not they have the characteristics of compensation for job turnover or the conclusion of a labor contract; ② Whether to pay for the prohibition of resignation during the compulsory working period; ③ Whether or not there is a written statement concerning returning the bonus upon retirement or turnover in the middle of the period.” Based on the aforementioned premises, the signing bonus was judged to have the characteristics of a reward because there was no description of a specific method of payment or any return obligation. In other words, the signing bonus for this case is an instance in which the nature of the reward for employment is judged to be stronger than the nature of the mandatory working period of seven years.

IV. Conclusion (Criteria for a Signing Bonus)

The judging criteria for a signing bonus must adhere to the following principles:
(i) If there is a disagreement over the interpretation of the contract between the parties: ① The contents of the document, ② The motivation and the manner in which the agreement was made, ③ The purpose of achieving by agreement, and ④ The true intention of the parties should reasonably be interpreted according to logic and empirical rules.[12]
(ii) It is effective for the employer to stipulate a return of the employee's bonus, which is provided separately from the employee's wage, for the special purpose of preventing the employee from transferring to another company. In principle, these return arrangements are required to ① balance the amount of the signing bonus award and the duration of the contract of employment, and the degree of the former restriction; ② not infringe on the essential condition of the employee's freedom of changing occupation; ③ the bonus should not have the characteristics of a wage, and ④ there should be no reason related to the employer for the employee’s transfer to another company.[13]
In other words, it must be made clear that the signing bonus is awarded on the condition that the bonus is to be paid for a period of mandatory service; the duration of such obligatory service should be as short as possible and; the returning amount should be the same or less than the amount that the employee received for the mandatory service period. In addition, a contract for returning the bonus award is valid only if the employee voluntarily resigns.
[1] A non-compete clause means that the employee promises not to transfer to a competitor company, and if the employee subsequently violates the clause, the company violated may claim compensation from the employee.

[2] A signing bonus is a special bonus, in that a company pays a lump sum to an employee when signing an employment contract, in an effort to recruit talented people.

[3] Supreme Court ruling on March 11, 2010: case number 2009da82244.

[4] If an employee fails to work for the mandatory tenure, the employee will return some or all of the amount paid in advance, which is called a signing bonus or a retention bonus.

[5] Labor Ministry guideline on April 27, 2010: Labor Standards-883

[6] Lim Jong-yul, 「Labor Law」, 14th edition, Parkyoungsa, Feb. 2016, page 378.

[7] Kwon Oh-Sung, "A Study on the Effectiveness of Signing Bonus Return Agreements", 「Sungshin Law」, Sungshin Women's University Law Research Institute, February 2013, page 136.

[8] Supreme Court ruling on April 28, 2004: 2001da53875.

[9] Lim Jong-yul, 「Labor Law」, 14th edition, Parkyoungsa, Feb. 2016, page 388.

[10] Supreme Court ruling on October 23, 2008: 2006da37274.

[11] Supreme Court ruling on June 11, 2015: 2012da55518.

[12] Supreme Court ruling on May 27, 2005: 2004da60065; Supreme Court ruling on September 20, 2009: 2006da158166.

[13] Seoul District Court ruling on January 25, 2005: 2004kadan128716.
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2020.09.19 06:49 Xcacel Live Trax listening: Live Trax Vol. 19 - Vivo Rio, Rio de Janeiro,🇧🇷 - September 30, 2008

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Live Trax listening: Live Trax Vol. 19 - Vivo Rio, Rio de Janeiro,🇧🇷 - September 30, 2008

Crew: The fantastic 7: Dave, Carter, Stefan, Boyd, Jeff, Rashawn and Tim + Carlos Malta on ‘Say Goodbye’
Album cover https://www.davematthewsband.com/wp-content/uploads/album/DMCD72-800x800.jpg
Album liner
Listen Here in Apple Music 
Listen here in Spotify
ℹ️ On September 30, about 1 month after LeRoi’s departure, the band ends the 2008 summer tour with few dates in South America. This show in Rio comes after Manaus - a bad night - and São Paulo, where they played at the ‘About Us’ festival right after Ben Harper and the Innocent Criminals.
This is the second show recorded with Jeff Coffin in the place of LeRoi, the first was ‘Live at High Mile Music Festival’, which was recorded on July 20.
The concert was released in Brazil as ‘Live in Rio’ on September 30, 2010 and in the US as ‘Live Trax Vol. 19’ on November 9, 2010. However, the Brazilian release is not complete, as it is missing ‘You Might Die Trying’ and ‘#41’.
It is stated that Rodrigo Simas (creator of DMBrasil and photographer of the band) wrote the set list for Dave for this show (If is true, he did a good job).

*Album Highlights *

🔥 The Band decide to use ‘Bartender’ as opener, rockin’ the show from the first moments, with a beautiful 3 min intro of the song, a bit in DDTW Style. Song ends with a long flute solo by new band member Jeff Coffin, who wants to show immediately what he can do. Dave then says hallo to the crowd in portuguese, then the atmosphere gets hot with ‘Warehouse’ - what a start! It is again Jeff Coffin turn, this time with a 🎷 solo, followed by Rashawn, and the crowd is ecstatic.
‘You Might Die Trying’ follows, again very energetic, as often between 2007 and 2008. Tim makes is appearance for the first time, than a moved Dave remembers Roi, before tuning ‘Stay Or Leave’ from his solo album.
A 9min version of ‘The Stone’ leaves space for the third solo of Jeff Coffin, this time with tenor sax, and for ‘I can’t help’ interpolation.
🔥 Dave then invites on stage Carlos Malta, a Brazilian flute virtuoso ”to make some music”, for an unforgettable version of ‘Say Goodbye’. Malta duets with Carter in the spectacular intro of the song, in a on-and-off light show. His music wooden fife brings an ethnic influence, with its inspiring sound, then Coffin maybe thinks “hey, I can play the flute too”, so, when Dave decide to extend the intro, the two flutes start a spectacular dueling show, probably the best moment of the night. The crowd screaming the end of the song with Dave is just amazing.
After a sensational disc one, the second CD openSs with ‘Corn Bread’, and a short but intense version of ‘Grey Street’, where Coffin has the time for another performance, and it is just perfect.
🔥A beautiful, particular Stefan intro bring us into ‘Crush’. This version is beautifully played, and Tim performs his second solo of the night.
🔥After ‘Ants Marching’ (in this stellar setlist it couldn’t be missing), a 15min ‘Jimi Thing’ sees Dave that leaves the loud audience to sing a couple of lines. It is a great version of Jimi, with a clean sound and just the perfect alternation between Jeff, Rashawn, all lead by a superbe Carter. Dave also finds the time for a superscat, then Tim plays his guitar and seems Deep Purple guitarist (Ritchie Blackmore).
Disc three opens with a nice intro to Satellite - it reminds a bit of ‘Proudest Monkey’ - then goes with another couple of classics: ‘#41’, a 16’ version with a couple of interpolations of Sojourn of Arjuna (horns), "Girl from Ipanema" (Jeff) and crowd singsing Everyday outro. This is not my favorite version of the song though, mainly because I don’t really like Tim solo - a bit predictable - and this maybe explains why the track was omitted in the Brazilian release.
After ‘So Damn Lucky’ (not frequently played in this tour), and almost 3 hours of concert, the band still has the energy to perform ‘Don’t Drink The Water’ as it was the first night of the tour, thus closing the regular set with another tribute from Dave to the audience and LeRoi (“ LeRoi you really wanna be here ”).
First encore is a medium ‘Burning Down The House’, but the last song in authentic gift to the Brazilian crowd, a ‘Last Step’ with alternate lyrics: ”She said oh Daddy won't you please tell me a story I can't believe this, tell me when I will go Daddy / so we see glory / tell me that I will be okay / Daddy when you're gone / she said Daddy please tell me why your way a story I can't believe Daddy when I'm alone and needing / make me see make me sleep all the hours I'm waiting / make me sleep make me sleep make me...” After Tim’s electric show, Carter makes his own spectacular solo, and at his climax you can hear him clearly screaming “one, two, three, four”, before launching the rest of the band in the song and concert final.

SUMMARY

Among the 5 released of a very popular 2008 tour, LT19 ‘Vivo Rio’ is, together with LT13 ‘Busch Stadium’, the most appreciated. The superbe setlist, the superwarm venue and some great DMB performances make this a must-listen-to album. Sound is pretty good, considering the loud audience, but does not reach the perfection of LT3.
”Vivo Rio is the greatest recording of any band I've ever heard in my life” (a DMB fan)
🎤 Setlist: ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
🎸 Performance: ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
🎧 Sound: ⭐️⭐️⭐️⭐️
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Previous DMB Live Trax listening:
Live Trax listening - Live Trax 1 by Timothy53
Live Trax listening - Live Trax 2 by Timothy53
Live Trax listening - Live Trax 3 by Timothy53
submitted by Xcacel to DMB [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 00:42 lisagreenhouse Gary Michael Hilton, the National Forest Serial Killer, is known to have murdered four people. But his crimes and travels make it hard to believe there weren’t earlier victims. Are there more waiting to be discovered?

Who is Gary Michael Hilton?
Gary Michael Hilton, sometimes referred to as the National Forest Serial Killer, was a drifter who murdered at least four hikers in and around national forests in Florida, Georgia, and North Carolina between 2005 and 2008.
Hilton was found guilty and sentenced to life in prison in January 2008 for the murder of Meredith Emerson, 24. After that conviction, investigators across the country began looking into unsolved cases that were similar to Emerson’s, and Hilton was charged with and found guilty of three more killings. In 2011, he received the death penalty in a Florida court for the slaying of Cheryl Dunlap, 46. In March 2012, he plead guilty to the murders of John Bryant, 80, and Irene Bryant, 84 and a North Carolina court sentenced him to four consecutive life sentences.
Emerson, Dunlap, and the Bryants shared no specific victimology, instead it appears he chose them at random when he needed money. Investigators agree that his were crimes of opportunity, and they believe Hilton may have committed more murders across the southeast United States in the years before his four known victims were killed.
Hilton was born November 26, 1946. He had an unstable home life and varied criminal record that stretched from childhood until he was arrested for Emerson’s murder at the age of 61. In 1959, when he was just 13, Hilton reportedly shot his stepfather in a jealous rage over his mother. His stepfather didn’t press charges, but Hilton did spend some time in a mental hospital after the shooting.
At 17, Hilton joined the army, and he served from 1964 through 1967, including a tour in West Germany. He was honorably discharged in 1967 after he had been hospitalized for hearing voices and diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Hilton was married at least three times, but none of his marriages were long—the longest was just two years. He isn’t believed to have any children. His third wife was a security officer at Stone Mountain Park, a 3,000 acre park near Atlanta that offers camping, hiking, wooded trails, lakes, and family attractions, including the massive peak at its center that is carved with the likenesses of Confederate soldiers.
Hilton loved the outdoors. He hiked, camped, and frequently lived in forests and mountains around the south and southeast United States. He loved dogs, too, and had a dog named Dandy (sometimes reported as a golden retriever, other times described as red in color).
He never had steady employment; after leaving the army, he worked as a chauffeur in Florida from 1970 to 1972, and he was arrested in 1995 for stealing books he was hired to sell from a door-to-door sales company. From 1997 to 2007, he worked off and on handing out advertisements and doing odd jobs for a Gwinnett County, GA, siding company, but he permanently lost that job when he threatened to kill the company owner if he didn’t pay him $10,000.
Hilton also had ongoing legal troubles. He was convicted of a DUI in Florida in 1973; in 1983, he was convicted for carrying an unlicensed gun and a drug charge; he was found guilty of theft and marijuana possession in 1987; and he plead guilty to 21 counts of solicitation in 1995.
Samuel Rael, an attorney and filmmaker in Atlanta, admitted that in 1995 Hilton helped him develop the plot for the movie Deadly Run. The movie is about a man who stalks, hunts, and murders women in the woods, a storyline that has similarities to Hilton’s crimes. Rael had defended him in court multiple times since the mid-1980s for crimes ranging from arson and trespassing to solicitation of false charitable donations. Rael said Hilton, whom he considered a consultant on the project, came up with the idea of the main character releasing women into the woods to be hunted like prey and that he also helped select that cast and found the cabin in the woods near Cleveland, Georgia, where much of the movie was filmed. Meredith Emerson’s remains were found approximately 30 miles from that same cabin 13 years later. Investigators have said that Hilton was not considered a suspect in any murders or disappearances during the time the movie was being filmed.

Confirmed Victims
Victims are listed in the order of their disappearances and murders. However, his final victim, Meredith Emerson, was the first to be linked to Hilton. His implication in her murder helped solve the others.
Irene Bryant, 84, and John Bryant, 80, disappeared after driving 20 miles from their home to hike and look at fall colors in North Carolina’s Pisgah National Forest on October 21, 2007. The couple had been married for 58 years and loved traveling, hiking, and being outdoors. Their active lifestyle meant that they were sometimes hard to reach, and it took time for their neighbors and family to realize they were missing. Their son Bob reported them missing on November 2. He drove from his home in Texas to North Carolina to help search for his parents and discovered their vehicle at a trailhead parking lot. Investigators subpoenaed telephone and financial records and discovered that Irene had tried to call 911 around 4 p.m. on October 21 but the call didn’t go through. They couldn’t confirm whether the call failed due to lack of service or interference by another person. Financial records showed a bank withdrawal from their account at 7 p.m. the day after Irene attempted the 911 call. Security footage at the bank in Ducktown, Tennessee, 25 miles away from their vehicle, showed a slender man man in a hooded raincoat using the Bryant’s ATM card. Investigators couldn’t identify the person, but it was neither of the Bryants.
Irene’s body was found on November 9, covered with leaves and sticks, just 100 yards from where the couple’s vehicle was parked. She had been killed by a blow to the head and her arms and legs appeared to have also been beaten. Investigators speculated that her attacker had lain in wait on the trail or in the woods just beyond the parking lot.
John’s skeletal remains weren’t found until February 5, 2008 when a hunter stumbled across them.
On October 26, 2007, Hilton was stopped by a sheriff’s deputy while trespassing on private hunting land. Hilton tells the deputy he’s a paratrooper on field maneuvers, and, when asked if he’s carrying any weapons, he shows the officer an expandable police baton. The officer checks for open warrants and then lets him go. However, Hilton did have an open warrant for a minor 1972 offense in Miami, and he should have been detained.
In March 2012, Hilton plead guilty to murdering the Bryants, and he admitted to camping out in the parking lot, scouting for victims. Hilton admitted he had kidnapped Bryant from the parking lot, drove him to the Nantahala National Forest, walked him 30 feet down an embankment, and shot him in the head. It’s believed Hilton wasn’t certain he could control both victims at once, so he chose to kill Irene at the location and then use her death to intimidate and scare John into cooperating and giving him the couple’s ATM PIN number.
In the days before the Bryants’ murders, other hikers reported seeing, talking to, and even photographing and confronting Hilton in the Pisgah National Forest in the area where the Bryants were murdered. Along with pleading guilty of ambushing and killing the Bryants, Hilton also plead to robbery and firearms offenses in their case. He again accepted a plea deal to avoid the death penalty and was remanded to serve four additional life sentences consecutively with the life sentence already handed down for Emerson’s murder.
The Bryants are Hilton’s first known victims, although he was sentenced in their cases after being tried for his later crimes.
Cheryl Hodges Dunlap, 46, was a mother of two grown sons and a nurse and Sunday school teacher, She was last seen alive on December 1, 2007. She had gone hiking alone in Apalachicola National Forest in the Florida panhandle just outside Tallahassee at about 9 a.m. Friends reported her missing after she failed to show up to teach her Sunday school class on December 2 or arrive at work on Monday morning, December 3. Three days after she disappeared her car was found with a flat tire, parked on the shoulder of Highway 319 just outside of the national forest. A search of the area revealed nothing of use. However, an investigation into her digital footprint discovered bank withdrawals.
A little over a week after she went missing, authorities released surveillance photos of a man successfully using Dunlap’s ATM card to withdraw money on December 2, 3, and 4, the three days immediately following her disappearance. Police could not identify him because he was wearing a rubber mask, gloves, and hat. Detectives staked out the ATM machine for the next week, but the man never returned.
Dunlap’s decapitated remains were discovered near Bloxham Cutoff Road in the Apalachicola National Forest on December 15 by hunters who noticed the presence of buzzards. Because her head and hands were missing, it took a DNA sample to confirm that the remains were hers.
Hilton was proven to be in the area when and where Dunlap disappeared because a forestry agent had run his vehicle tag number through the police database on December 7. After Dunlap’s body was found, a hunter also reported coming into contact with Hilton in the forest—driving a white van, wielding a knife and appearing disheveled or homeless. The hunter said he’d warned Hilton that the woods was a bad place to be during hunting season. This interaction allowed the hunter to identify Hilton in a photo lineup. A forestry agent had also questioned Hilton on November 17, 2007 and run his white van’s tag number through a database to ensure it wasn’t stolen. On December 28, another forestry agent interacted with Hilton in Osceola National Forest, about 160 miles from where Dunlap was last seen. Those sightings proved Hilton had been in the area before and then left after Dunlap’s murder. The final item of proof was one of Dunlap’s boots, which Hilton was attempting to discard in the dumpster with Emerson’s belongings when he was initially arrested.
Investigators believed Hilton kidnapped Dunlap from the Leon Sinks Geological Area of Apalachicola National Forest, where friends said she had mentioned going to read a book. He likely kept her alive for a few days in order to get money from her ATM card, finally killing her. Investigators say he burned her head and hands in his campfire, then left her vehicle by the road after puncturing the tire with his police baton. There was no physical evidence tying him to the crime, but investigators were able to recover audio tapes on which Hilton had recorded himself talking crudely about women and referencing killing women and hiding things. He said he was a sociopath who could disassociate from the act of murder.
Hilton was indicted on Thursday, February 28, 2008 for Dunlap’s murder, kidnapping, and two counts of grand theft. He was found guilty by a unanimous jury in February 2011 and sentenced to death. He unsuccessfully appealed the conviction.
Dunlap was Hilton’s third known victim; he was sentenced in her case after being tried and found guilty for murdering his last-known victim, Meredith Emerson.
Meredith Emerson, 24, was last seen alive on New Year’s Day 2008, with her dog, a black Labrador retriever mix named Ella. The pair had left home in Buford, Georgia, to hike one of their favorite trails on Blood Mountain. The location is the highest peak in Georgia’s section of the Appalachian Trail and is located on the border of Lumpkin and Union counties inside the Blood Mountain Wilderness and the Chattahoochee National Forest.
Concerned after she didn’t return home, Emerson’s friends and boyfriend reported her absence to local police. She was classified as an overdue hiker. The next day, friends and authorities searched the area where Emerson and Ella had been hiking but did not find either of them. A winter storm moved in that day, and authorities had to halt the search.
After her disappearance made news, witnesses came forward to claim that they’d seen her hiking with an older man, approximately 60 years old with a red dog, on a spur trail that connects the Appalachian Trail to the Byron Herbert Reece Parking Lot. One caller was a former police officer. He reported that while hiking he’d discovered a police baton, water bottles, sunglasses, a barrette, and a dog leash and treats scattered over an area of disturbed and scuffed ground. He had seen an older man with a police baton walking with a younger woman minutes before finding the items, and he recognized the leash as the one the young woman had been holding. At first, he’d thought they were father and daughter, but the scattered belongings and evidence of a struggle concerned him. While there, he talked with another group of hikers who had seen the man hiding in the woods, but they were unable to locate him after a short search. They gathered the scattered items and left them at a local store, but they didn’t call police at the time. The next day after seeing a report on TV about Emerson’s disappearance, the former officer called investigators to report what he’d seen and found the day before.
Also on January 2, John Tabor, a former employer of Hilton’s, called police to let them know Hilton matched the description of the man seen with Emerson on the trail. He said Hilton had called him a few hours before and had apologized for acting erratically and violently toward him, asked him for money, and told him he was near Blood Mountain. He’d asked Tabor to leave him a check at a business Tabor owned, but he never came to collect the check. Investigators noted that Tabor hadn’t called them immediately to inform them of Hilton’s similarity to the suspect or his proximity to the possible kidnapping.
Police also recovered surveillance images of Hilton unsuccessfully attempting to use Emerson’s ATM card. Investigators had hope that Emerson was still alive and they were now sure she was with Hilton, so they disseminated Hilton’s DMV photo to the media.
On January 4, another witness called police to report that he had encountered an older man and young woman camping near a white van. The witness was driving a lawn care truck when he got it stuck in a stream. He asked the older man for help, but he’d refused. The witness said it seemed like the man was trying to keep him away from the van. When the witness called police dispatch to ask for help getting his vehicle unstuck, the man quickly packed up and left the area in a seeming rush.
That same day, Ella was found wandering in a grocery store parking lot in the town of Cumming, Georgia, about 60 miles away from Emerson’s last-known whereabouts. Investigators also discovered bloody clothing, bloody men’s boots, and Emerson’s purse and wallet in a dumpster across the street from the store where Ella was located. A boot, later confirmed to belong to Hilton’s third victim, Cheryl Dunlap, was also recovered from the dumpster.
Later that evening, a witness called 911 to report that Hilton—whom he recognized as the suspect in Emerson’s disappearance from news reports—was at a local gas station cleaning out a white van. Police arrived and prevented Hilton from using a vacuum cleaner and bleach on the van’s interior; they also discovered bloody clothing and blankets he had attempted to discard in the gas station trash receptacles. Blood in the vehicle was later matched to Emerson, and Hilton was charged with her murder.
During almost five hours of interrogations, Hilton admitted that Emerson fought back against him when he attacked her, yelling and using her martial arts skills to fend him off (she’d earned a blue belt in aikido and was posthumously awarded a black belt). He said that she almost got away, but that he was finally able to subdue her when she lost her footing and stumbled. He said he’d chosen to attack her because she was a woman, and that they’d hiked together for a while before she outpaced him. He then stopped and waited for her down the trail, planning to rob her of her ATM card when she was returning to her vehicle. He admitted to taking Emerson from the parking lot in his van, returning at her request a few minutes later to pick up Ella, who had initially been left behind. He drove her to multiple banks and unsuccessfully attempted to use her ATM; police believed she was intentionally giving him wrong PIN numbers to buy time. Unfortunately, no one at the banks or law enforcement noticed the failed transactions or attempted use of Emerson’s ATM cards until January 4.
Eventually Hilton gave up and drove Emerson to a secluded location where, for three days, she continued to give him incorrect ATM PIN codes in an apparent attempt to give rescuers time to find her. Hilton told investigators that he tired of waiting for the correct PIN number, so he told Emerson he was taking her home; however, he admitted that he knew he couldn’t release her since she’d seen his face and vehicle and knew so much about him. Instead, while she was tied to a tree, he hit her over the head repeatedly with a car jack handle to kill her, and then he decapitated her. He covered her body with leaves, then drove to another wooded area more than an hour away, where he discarded her head. He said he was unable to kill Ella and decided to let her go. Disturbingly, in that same interview, when asked about whether it was hard for him to kill Emerson, Hilton stated, “It was hard … you gotta remember we had spent several good days together.”
Hilton offered to lead investigators to Emerson’s body if they’d agree to remove the death penalty option. An autopsy confirmed Hilton’s story: her cause of death was officially listed as blunt force trauma to the head, and she’d been decapitated postmortem.
He plead guilty to Emerson’s murder on January 30, 2008, and he was sentenced to life in prison with the possibility of parole after 30 years.
The case was in the news again in 2010 when a writer for Hustler magazine submitted a request for crime scene photos for use in an article about Emerson’s kidnapping and murder. A judge blocked the request, preventing the Georgia Bureau of Investigation from releasing "any and all photographs, visual images or depictions of Meredith Emerson which show Emerson in an unclothed or dismembered state.” The Georgia House also passed The Meredith Emerson Memorial Privacy Act, preventing “gruesome crime scene photos from being publicly released or disseminated.” The Act, House Bill 1322, stops the release of all images in which victims of crimes appear “nude, bruised, bloodied or in a broken state with open wounds, a state of dismemberment or decapitation.”
Hilton’s involvement in Emerson’s kidnapping and murder drew the attention of investigators in other states. While she is believed to be his last victim, the successful investigation into her case resulted in his guilty pleas and sentencing for three other murders. A series of other unsolved crimes is also being investigated for ties to Hilton.

Possible Victims
Melissa Witt, 19, disappeared from the parking lot of a local bowling alley in Fort Smith, Arkansas on December 1, 1994. On January 13, 1995, her body was found by hunters in a rural area of the same county from where she disappeared. She was naked, and her remains were near a rock that’s been described as headstone-like. Her clothing was never located. Some investigators believe that there are similarities between Witt’s disappearance and death and those of Hilton’s known victims.
Judy Smith, 50, is considered a possible victim of Hilton’s because her remains were found near the location where Hilton would bludgeon Irene Bryant a decade later. Smith was last confirmed to have been seen by her husband, Jeffrey, at a Philadelphia hotel on April 10, 1997. The couple flew from their home in Newton, Massachusetts to Philadelphia the day before so that Jeffrey could attend a work conference. After arriving at the airport, Judy discovered she had left her identification at home and would not be able to board the plane. She returned home to retrieve her ID and took a later flight, meeting Jeffrey at their hotel. She planned to go sightseeing while Jeffrey was attending the conference, and Jeffrey confirmed she’d been alive and in their room that next morning. That evening, after the conference meetings had ended for the day, Jeffery could not find Judy. He searched for her and tried to report her missing around midnight, but investigators told him he needed to wait 24 hours.
During the ensuing investigation, there were a number of sightings of a woman matching Judy’s description in and around Philadelphia, several of which seemed to describe a person experiencing psychological problems or acting disoriented or disturbed. Other possible sightings were of a woman matching Judy’s description riding the bus, shopping at a mall, and sitting outside a gourmet grocery store. The Smith family found some of the descriptions and sightings credible.
On September 7, 1997, about five months after Smith was last confirmed to have been seen, hunters in the Pisgah National Forest about 9 miles from Asheville, North Carolina discovered scattered bones around a shallow grave. Some clothing and personal effects were also located. Cut marks and punctures found on the ribs and clothing suggested the victim had been stabbed. The remains were confirmed to be those of Judy Smith. Strangely, the clothes she was discovered wearing were not any she was known to have owned or reported by witnesses, and the family has no explanation for why or how she got to or was in Asheville. Later reports found that people in the Asheville area had seen Judy or a woman who resembled her. The sightings were deemed credible, but no one claimed to have seen Judy with anyone else. Money and jewelry was found near Judy’s body and belongings, so robbery was ruled out as a motive. Investigators came to believe Smith traveled to Asheville voluntarily, but they’re unsure of why or what happened to her while there. Hilton has been suggested as a possible suspect, but investigators have not publicly linked him to Smith’s case or named as a suspect.
Levi Frady, 11, was abducted from Little Mill Road in Forsyth County, Georgia, on October 22, 1997. The next day his remains were found partially submerged in a rainwater-filled pit in Dawson Forest Wildlife Management Area in Dawson County, Georgia. He had been shot three times, once in the chest and twice in the head. Investigators consider Frady’s case open and active. Some have hinted Hilton is considered a suspect, but he has not been publicly named.
In April 1998, Jason Knapp, 20, disappeared. He was a student at Clemson University, and he was last known to have been seen by his roommate at around 10:30 p.m. on April 11, watching a movie at their residence. His vehicle was found on April 21 at Table Rock State Park in Pickens, South Carolina. The area is about 30 miles from the university and is very rugged. Investigators found a Wendy’s restaurant receipt inside the vehicle dated April 12 at 1:30 p.m. It is believed he drove to the park on April 12. He had also withdrawn $20 from his bank account that day; his bank cards, including an ATM card, were never found. The area around his vehicle showed no signs of struggle or foul play, and it is unknown whether he drove to the location alone. Searchers canvassed the area around his vehicle for two weeks and found nothing of interest.
Patrice Endres, 38, disappeared from her hair salon in Cumming, Georgia, between 11:30 a.m. and noon on April 15, 2004. She vanished during a gap of about 12 minutes between clients. The front door of the salon was unlocked and the cash register was empty, but there was money in her purse. Her lunch was in the microwave and her vehicle was parked at the salon.
Her skeletal remains were found in December 2005 behind a church about 10 miles from her salon. A woman came forward with a description of a man in a white van parked in front of the salon, but she later recanted the story. Serial killer Jeremy Brian Jones admitted to killing Endres and dumping her body in Sweetwater Creek in Douglas County, but authorities ruled him out as a suspect after her remains were found 70 miles from that location and when he couldn’t provide any additional information that wasn’t in the public record. Authorities looked at Hilton’s possible involvement, but they say he is no longer considered a suspect. There is no information as to why investigators have ruled him out.
Rossana Miliani, 29, lived in Miami, Florida, and disappeared while vacationing in Cherokee, North Carolina. She was last confirmed to have been seen at about noon on December 7, 2005, in the hotel where she was staying. She called her father and told him she was going hiking on the Appalachian Trail. Some reports say she was spotted in Bryson City, NC, where she rented a storage space, shortly before disappearing. Miliani is reported to have bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, but no details are available about whether she was on medication or if she was experiencing any issues at the time of her disappearance.
On the two-year anniversary of her disappearance, a clerk at a local store read an article about Miliani and called investigators to report that she’d sold a backpack or bag, possibly a sleeping bag according to some sources, to Miliani and a man who claimed to be a traveling preacher who visited campsites around the Appalachian Trail. According to the clerk, the man was about 60 years old, had hair greying at the temples and may have been wearing a hair piece because his hair looked unusual. The clerk claimed that Miliani appeared to be nervous.
A private investigator working on the case released a sketch of the unidentified man in June 2009. The man resembles Hilton, and he’s considered a possible suspect. Neither Miliani nor any of her belongings, including luggage and a camera, have been found; no money has been withdrawn from her bank account since her disappearance, but a deposit was made on December 31, nearly three weeks after her disappearance. No further information is available about that deposit.
Some sources say Hilton is known to have stolen and unsuccessfully tried to use Miliani’s bank card, but I was unable to find official corroboration of those reports.
A fisherman found the remains of Michael Scot Louis, 27, dismembered and stuffed in plastic garbage bags, in the Tomoka River at Ormond Beach, Tomoka State Park, Florida on December 6, 2007. His torso and legs were recovered, but his head has never been found. Louis was last known to have been seen on November 21 or 22, 2007, but when his remains were found 16 days later, the autopsy estimated he had only been dead for two to seven days. It’s unclear where he was or who he may have been with during the days he was unaccounted for. Days after his disappearance, his Firebird was found parked unusually far from his apartment in the apartment complex’s parking lot in South Daytona, Florida, with the keys still in the ignition and his dirty laundry and guitars inside.
Hilton was officially ruled out as a suspect after DNA testing did not implicate him, but some thought he should remain on the list as a potential suspect. In January 2018, Nelci Tetley, 67, was arrested for shooting to death and dismembering her then-boyfriend, Jeffrey Albertsman, 55. It was discovered that she had possibly also dated Louis, although she denied knowing him or having a relationship with him, and she’s been named as a suspect in his case.
University of Georgia student Cayle Bywater disappeared from Athens, Georgia on December 29, 2007. She was reported missing after neighbors became concerned when her dog was seen running loose outside her home. Meredith Emerson would be kidnapped three days later from Vogel State Park, about 80 miles north of Athens.
On January 11, Bywater’s body was found in an Athens lake. An autopsy listed drowning as her cause of death, but there’s disagreement about how she came to be in the lake. There were no traces of illegal drugs or alcohol in her system, but she had been prescribed medication to treat a mental disorder, reported by some agencies as bipolar disorder. The autopsy also found a previously undiagnosed heart defect, but that could not be proven to have played a part in her death.
A photograph taken by an undisclosed individual the day she was last seen alive shows Bywater in Memorial Park walking her dog on leash. Witnesses claim to have seen someone matching Bywater’s appearance walking a dog in the park near the lake where her body was later found, and some said she appeared to be disoriented or chasing the dog. No signs of foul play were discovered on her body or at the scene, but her family insists she did not wander off or commit suicide. In a news article dated January 8, 2008, (https://www.savannahnow.com/article/20080108/news/301089882) her family was concerned that she may have been kidnapped by someone who saw her in a disoriented or confused state and took advantage of the situation. That same news article mentions the kidnapping of Meredith Emerson by Gary Michael Hilton but quotes an investigator as saying the local police department and Georgia Bureau of Investigation did not consider the cases related at that point. It’s unknown if Hilton is now or was ever considered a suspect in Bywater’s case.
Are there more? There are dozens of unsolved cases of missing and murdered people in the areas where Hilton was known to or may have traveled or lived. Someone put together this Google Map detailing known and possible victims of Hilton: https://www.google.com/maps/d/viewer?mid=1v-4PyOHDjE17GhkF6ofEvFWtLes&hl=en&gl=us&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&z=5&ll=34.77220536527494%2C-83.37685848300629 . It’s a very interesting rabbit hole. I’m unsure who created the map or what criteria they used to include possible victims. If anyone on this sub has information about the creation of this map, please let me know and I’ll include more details.

What Don’t We Know? Discussion and Theories
Knowing what we do about Hilton and the crimes for which he was convicted, it’s hard to believe that Emerson, Dunlap, and the Bryants are his only victims. Investigators have pointed out that it’s rare for a serial killer to start killing in their 60s, and Hilton’s crimes seem to be the work of a confident killer. His lack of victimology—targeting victims based on opportunity rather than sticking to a certain type of person—and his large geographic footprint, transient lifestyle, lack of family and friends, and remote hunting grounds all point to the possibility that he’s been active for a lot longer than the short spree of four known victims.
There are so many missing people and unsolved homicides in the southeast corner of the United States that it’s not hard to think Hilton may be responsible for some of them.
What are your thoughts or theories?

A note of thanks: u/cspach2005 invited me to do this write-up on Hilton for an upcoming podcast on www.disturbedpodcast.com. They covered my previous write-up on Timothy Bindner (https://www.reddit.com/UnresolvedMysteries/comments/g2mh3i/hes_been_a_suspect_in_the_disappearances_of_at/) in this podcast, https://www.disturbedpodcast.com/bindne, so I was thrilled to contribute again. I’ll add a link to the podcast episode on Hilton once it’s done.

Resources:
Park Predators podcast about Hilton: https://parkpredators.com/episode-1-the-hunte
YouTube video of Georgia Bureau of Investigation interview with Hilton (4.5 hours): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R9Tw1iejmzc
ThoughtCo blog from July 14, 2019 about Hilton’s crimes: https://www.thoughtco.com/the-gary-michael-hilton-case-971046
Murderpedia entry for Hilton, including text from news articles: https://murderpedia.org/male.H/h/hilton-gary-michael.htm
Timeline of Hilton’s life and crimes: http://prairiechicken.blogspot.com/2008/02/gary-michael-hilton-timeline.html
Strange Outdoors article from January 23, 2018 about Hilton and his victims: https://www.strangeoutdoors.com/mysterious-stories-blog/2018/1/22/gary-michael-hilton-the-hiker-murders
CNN article from 2008 detailing how Hilton helped make a movie about a serial killer: https://www.cnn.com/2008/CRIME/03/13/hilton.movie/index.html
Wikipedia article: Murder of Meredith Emerson: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Meredith_Emerson
March 23, 2008 article detailing Hilton’s confession and Emerson’s fight to survive: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/23769881/ns/us_news-crime_and_courts/t/killer-says-female-hiker-fought-him-end/
March 11, 201 article about judge barring release of crime scene photos in Emerson’s case: http://www.cnn.com/2010/CRIME/03/10/meredith.emerson.photos/index.html
August 2012 opinion piece by the journalist who requested Emerson crime scene photos explaining why he did so: https://www.ajc.com/news/opinion/why-requested-slain-hiker-crime-scene-photos/2PmN2O3oTCOJKq7mBuvgfL/
Wikipedia article about the Judy Smith case: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Judy_Smith_homicide
Rossana Miliani Charley Project profile: http://charleyproject.org/case/rossana-miliani
Article from December 17, 2007 about remains found in Florida, possibly linking them to Cheryl Dunlap: https://abcnews.go.com/US/story?id=4010778&page=1
Article from February 28, 2008, announcing Hilton’s indictment in the case of Dunlap: http://www.cnn.com/2008/CRIME/02/28/hilton.indictment/index.html
March 27, 2012 article about Hilton pleading guilty to the Byrants’ murders: https://www.blueridgenow.com/article/NC/20120327/news/606022032/HT
May 17, 2008 article detailing John Bryant’s autopsy findings: https://www.blueridgenow.com/article/NC/20080517/News/606047031/HT
January 4, 2018 article about the Bryants: https://www.ajc.com/news/local/tragic-end-for-unique-couple/PzAHQbeBqHLPzNjGei0nAJ/
December 23, 2007 article about memorial service for Michael Scot Louis: https://www.news-journalonline.com/article/LK/20071223/news/180117745/DN
January 24, 2018 article about Nelci Tetley’s arrest, possible implication in Louis’ death: https://heavy.com/news/2018/01/nelci-tetley-accused-dismembering-killing-boyfriends/
January 13, 2017 article commemorating the 22nd anniversary of Melissa Witt’s unsolved disappearance and murder: https://www.5newsonline.com/article/news/local/outreach/back-to-school/melissa-witts-body-found-22-years-ago-investigation-still-open/527-5556593c-22df-4077-b6c3-e7fd7f041f33
Jason Knapp’s Charley Project profile: http://charleyproject.org/case/jason-andrew-knapp
April 4, 2010 article about Patrice Endres’ disappearance and murder: https://www.forsythnews.com/local/crime-courts/husband-seeks-closure-in-cold-case/
Google Map detailing known and possible victims of Hilton: https://www.google.com/maps/d/viewer?mid=1v-4PyOHDjE17GhkF6ofEvFWtLes&hl=en&gl=us&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&z=5&ll=34.77220536527494%2C-83.37685848300629 (I did not create this map, nor do I know who did or what criteria they used when choosing which possible victims to include. I’ll gladly edit the post to include that information if someone knows more details about the map’s creator or creation.)
submitted by lisagreenhouse to UnresolvedMysteries [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 17:40 oliviamaris Communication Network Design

Information and communication technologies have become fundamental elements and driving factors for the development of any company. In the world, there is hardly a business that does not establish communication networks of different scales to connect its employees, departments, and branches into a streamlined system. Among the most successful businesses, that have not only created an efficient communication network but that also provide communication tools at the service level, is Google. Based on the latest technical developments, Google’s communication network appears to be almost flawless both at the physical hardware level and at the level of employees’ interaction.
Communication networks can be classified by a range of parameters such the coverage area, the type of connection between the elements, and the level of centralization. According to the number of computers and the area covered, communication networks are divided into LANs, CANs, MANs, and WANs. LAN (Local area network) can connect the elements at the distance of up to 500 meters. As a rule, it is the network of a particular company that is further connected to the networks of a higher level. For larger enterprises, CAN (Campus area network) are established; computers can be scattered at the distance of 1 kilometer. In case a company has its offices all over the city, MAN (Metropolitan area network) is established. For big corporations represented in different regions and countries, WAN (wide area network) is required. In terms of topology, communication networks can be star (all computers connect to one central hub), bus (the cable connects all workstations that receive the same signals but decodes only those addressed to it), and ring (all computers are connected by communication channels in an unbroken ring; information is always transmitted in the same direction). Moreover, there also exist mesh networks, where all nodes may be connected either fully or partially, and networks with mixed topology. When it comes to the centralization level, communication networks can be centralized, decentralized and partially centralized.
It is clear that Google, with its worldwide representation and enormous amounts of data processed every second, operates within the WAN network, B4 WAN that connects all Google datacenters. Currently, Google has data centers in 14 countries with over million servers in general. Since 2008, the traffic generated by Google servers has increased 50 times, and often, company’s bandwidth capabilities fall behind the emerging demands. Such a trend has forced Google to develop its own hardware, as the market could not offer a suitable network equipment. B4 WAN is a globally deployed software-defined network with a centralized hierarchical cluster structure. The network has three layers – global, site controller, and switch hardware. The global layer is represented by Central Server and Gateway that ensures central control of the network. Site controller layer consists of control servers hosting both Open Flow controllers (OFC) and Network Control Applications (NCAs). Switches hardware layer is designed to forward traffic between the clusters. A set of switches are used to ensure workload distribution in the software; all the switches are treated as one rather than many connected by standard protocols. Initially, every cluster comprised 20 thousand servers, with every Top of Rack switch connecting 40 servers. Gradually, clusters were consolidated, and more efficient Clos topology (a variation of mesh topology with a decreased number of commutation elements) was established. Clos topology ensures a significant degree of independence of the elements, saving hierarchy at the same time. Thanks to that, B4 WAN can be connected to external networks in different ways, which can be seen in the following scheme.
In 2012, Google developed its fifth communication network platform, Jupiter network. Jupiter uses 40-Gigabit Ethernet cables; Google uses merchant silicon to develop the cables instead of buying them from other vendors. Jupiter provides 1.13 Petabytes bisectional bandwidth. Such bandwidth is considered enough for the functioning of 100,000 servers that communicate with a speed of 10 Gigabytes per second or to read the scanned contents of the Library of Congress for 1/10 of a second.
Among the issues in the development and maintenance of its communication network, Google names the problem of controlling software and the rapid hardware ageing caused by increased demands of the consumers of Google services. Another issue that Google faces is possible failure of fabric producers to deliver materials of required quality and misconfiguration of components of the network. However, those problems seem to be insignificant, considering the profits Google receives and the value it creates.
Google’s network is efficient not only because in involves the way-out technologies but also because every employee of the company feels a valuable part of the shared great deal. Without motivation, nothing would function smoothly in the company. Google employees are organized in teams that are relatively independent and that can significantly influence the process of decision-making. The mesh topology can be seen here as well.
Overall, it can be seen that Google has one of the most up-to-date and powerful communication networks among the world-leading IT companies. Independently developed software and hardware as well as the flexible mesh network design make up for the shortcomings of the conventional network infrastructure and meet the needs of data centers. Apart from that, Google takes care of its employees and organizes their work in a way that leads to their increased productivity. For the time being, Google’s communication network does not need any significant improvements, but, in any case, there is always a place for perfection.
More articles produced by Olivia Maris are on https://topwritingservice.com/questionnaire-writing/.
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2020.09.18 17:09 zionius_ (Spoilers Extended) So Spake Martin Extended: rarely seen quotes from GRRM part 5

I've made four posts (1, 2, 3, 4 ) presenting some rarely seen or discussed quotes from GRRM on ASOIAF. Now it's time for the 5th part. (Some were posted before as standalone posts, but for the sake of completeness I'd still include them here)
In my original proposal, I estimated that each volume of the trilogy might run as long as 800 pages in manuscript...The three books of the trilogy would be structured around the long, slow seasons of Westeros. A Game of Thrones would be summer’s book, A Dance with Dragons would take us through autumn, and The Winds of Winter…well, the title says it all.
[After he reached 1300 pages when writing AGOT] Out went the elegantly structured trilogy, with each volume built around a single season, I would tell the tale that I’d set out to tell, from beginning to middle to end, and never mind how many books or years it might require. By rearranging a bit, moving some chapters up and some others out, I found a very satisfactory resolution for first volume, and delivered a massive manuscript of 1188 pages to my publishers in October, 1995.
Elio: Back in 2003, when George was talking to Tom Maringer at Shire Post about replica coins, I received an email which went into George's idea that certain coinages that were circulating prior to the Conquest were co-opted by Aegon and the Targaryens and became part of the standard currency of the Seven Kingdoms. In the case of stags, they were coins used in the stormlands and became part of the currency of the Seven Kingdoms. There are also silver moons, a larger coin than a stag, originated from the Vale of Aryn.
In a partial manuscript of AFFC dated Jan. 2004, Boros Blount was looking increasingly ill and died at the end of the partial manuscript,
In THK, some Blackwoods were at the Ashford tourney. Their names were given in a roll of arms in the comic version of THK Note: only the four Blackwoods were not called "ser". They were squires. Elio asked about why the Blackwoods, who followed Old Gods took part in the tourney, and GRRM replied:
House Blackwood follows the old gods, so the Blackwoods are technically only squires, not knights, since they have never taken vows. The house is very old and high in honor, though, so allowances are made.
PS. You can find many more interesting tidbits in the roll of arms in THK comic, including GRRM's own sigil!
A fan was wearing a "Benjen Lives" t-shirt. George saw it and said that he couldn't say whether that was true or not, but that we'll definitely have more about him in ADwD.
George said that he knows the ending of the story and how many of the major characters will end. He explained that it is like travelling; you want to go from Barcelona to Paris, you know your destination and the roads you plan to take but you don't know what is going to happen in your way there. You have to be there, in your way to learn it. As an example he explained that he had Bran's first chapter in his mind from the very beginning but he didn't know who the man that Eddard Stark executes was, it was not until he was writing the eighth chapter that he realized that this man was the one from the Prologue.
Ted Nasmith: You may have seen my small painting of Eastwatch by the Sea. That was a private commission, for which I relied on the very limited info in the novel. On doing it, he remarked that it was inaccurate, then admitted that any descriptions were in his head, as yet, but were to be included in one of the sequels.
In a podcast recorded in May 2010, GRRM said:
There’s actually one thing under consideration right now. I can’t say too much about it, but that might impact… It’s very minor, though, it would be changing a character’s name, changing the name of a minor character for the television series, and if we go ahead and change that name, I might go back in the books and change his name in the books, as well. So in the later editions of the book, the minor character would have a different name. But it’s still up in the air whether we’ll actually do that or not. So that’s really all I can say about it right now.
Then in July, he hinted:
Lysa's son has been renamed for the series. "Robin" instead of "Robert," as in the books. He's still Sweetrobin.Marillion has not been renamed, though I offered to do so. I was tired of people assuming he was named after the band. I had never heard of the band when I named him, though I've heard a lot about them since.
Finally in Oct, he confirmed:
The name change that was being contemplated (as mentioned in the podcast http://io9.com/5656513/) was for Marillion, to avoid confusion with the band.HBO decided it was not necessary.The Marillion thing has annoyed me for years. So far as I knew at the time, I'd made up the name. It was never meant to refer to the band of the same name.
According to Elio, "pie or wine was poisoned during Purple Wedding" was one of the 100+ things they asked GRRM to verify, in order to make A World of Ice and Fire app.
And the app says the wine is poisoned.
On the issue of the differences between the series and books. I recently interviewed actor Ivan Reon, and he said that playing Ramsay Bolton was easy. Because, the quote, "Ramsey is a happy man." Did you make this character happy?
(laughs) Wow ... Actually, no. I did not write Ramsay as a happy person, at least in books. You know, you need to make a distinction between my version and the one you see on the screen. There is a lot of Ramsey background in the books - he is a child born after rape, which was not interesting to anyone. Until mother brought him to the castle. And since Roose Bolton had no legitimate heirs, he took Ramsay to himself, deciding: “This is the best I have. I am not very pleased with this, but that is it. " Ramsay in the books is motivated by this huge uncertainty due to the fact that he is unwanted. And at the same time he inherits the titles of Roose Bolton, and many around doubt his abilities and rights. He is, you know, the guy who doesn't fit. Because of this, there is a lot of anger in him and, of course, innate cruelty.
The transcription of the whole interview was posted before, but in that video the signal was lost for 2 mins. I find another video showing what GRRM said during the lost 2 mins.
ASOIAF is already older than 20 years. There is a lot of fan theories. Do these help you or influence you?
No the fan theories don’t influence the books. I largely try not to hear about the fan theories. In some cases those people write me emails. Back in the late 90s when around the time the 2nd book came out in 1999, the first few fan sites poped up on the internet. And I did visit them at that time, I was thrilled. “Oh they are talking about my book, what are they saying? Let me read them.” And it was fascinating to read, it was very ego gratifying. But at a certain point I realized there were difficulties here. I didn’t want to know about fan theories that may be wrong. It might give my some ideas, it might change something. I don’t want to change something, I want to be true to my own envision. And I also don’t want to know when they were right, which might also cause me to change something. “My god, they already guessed this twist, and guessed it like three books before I write it. I don’t like that. Should I change it? Make it something different?” No I already structured it, I set the twist since 1991, changing it now would spoil the structure to a ruined state. So there is really nothing to be gained by me reading the fan sites. Although I meet fans at conventions and public events. I don’t want to hear their theories. Let them enjoy making them up, but leave me out of it.
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2020.09.18 16:47 BuckRowdy [Update] The rise and fall and the depths of depravity of pedophile Jared Fogle from Subway.

This is an updated and edited version of a post I originally submitted at /redditcrimecommunity. It's been updated with the latest info.
I used to be kind of obsessed with the idea of Jared from Subway. He always seemed like nothing more than wallpaper in a commercial, a guy whose job amounted to holding up a comically giant pair of pants for seconds at a time in commercials. How much do you think they paid that guy to do that?
I used to search to see if I could find out Jared's salary or his net worth because to me it seemed like he had the easiest job in the world. Just stand there and smile, hold up the giant pants, shake a few kids hands at store openings and other corporate promotional events; essentially play the character of Jared from the Subway commercials.
The Midwestern everyman who once weighed over 425 pounds and lost it all by eating at Subway every day. Of course the fine print at the bottom of the screen gave the wider context to his weight loss routine, but there was a much wider, much darker context to Jared's story that would only be revealed years later.
Jared started working for Subway in 2000. By 2005 they had stopped featuring him in commercials and their sales declined by 10%. They quickly reinstated him and he was a fixture ever since.
It is true that Jared did lose the weight, and he did do it in part by eating at Subway.
At this point it would be reasonable to ask how did he get the money as a college student to eat all his meals at Subway?
Because he was running a porn video rental business out of his apartment at the time and had an extensive collection. You've got to remember that this was in an era where media of all types was more difficult to obtain. You didn't have everything at your fingertips back then.
Subway opened up on the ground floor and Jared was lazy so he started eating all his meals there.
The rest of Jared's story is marketing mythology. A friend wrote an article in the student newspaper that got published in Men's Health which caught the eye of Subway's marketing department. Jared started working for Subway in 2000 and up until about 2007 it appeared to be a marketing master stroke. That's when the reports started trickling out. In 2007, TMZ published the story about the porn rental business.
We'd learn later that as early as 2008, Subway had received serious reports about Jared from a franchisee in Florida that Jared had befriended at a few store openings. Cindy Mills, the franchisee said:
"He would just tell me he really liked them young," she says. Fogle and Mills had a sexual relationship, which lead Fogle to disclose disturbing details of his criminal activity in lewd text messages.
Mills says she tried to blow the whistle by phoning ad executive Jeff Moody — then CEO of the Subway Franchisee Advertising Fund Trust (SFAFT) — after Fogle had told her that he had sex both in Thailand and the US with child prostitutes between the ages of 9 and 16 years old. According to Mills, Moody stopped her mid-conversation and said, "Don't worry, he has met someone. She is a teacher and he seems to love her very much, and we think she will help keep him grounded." Mills also claims she spoke with two more SFAFT execs after Moody, but ran into more dead ends.
Jared was up to no good for years, but his world really started to crumble in 2015 with the arrest of Russell Taylor. Taylor was Jared's partner in his non-profit charity and he was just as bad as Jared if not worse.
Russell Taylor, the former director of Fogle's anti-childhood obesity foundation, was arrested in April [of 2015] on three counts of possession of child pornography, three counts of child exploitation, and three counts of voyeurism.
Taylor had gotten in trouble for texting a woman a picture of bestiality and suggesting such between the two of them. It's a sick thing to think about, but that's just what Jared and Russell were up to.
In one of those text messages, according to the affidavit, “Russell Taylor asked her if he and another adult female she identified could come to Jane Doe’s residence and engage in” an act of bestiality. The woman did not agree to that request, but told investigators “you could tell (Taylor) was serious.” She also told investigators that “she received an image file via text from Russell Taylor that depicted (another act of bestiality).”
Jared's house was raided and the rest quickly became history. Subway dropped him. Sharknado 3 dropped him. Jared accused Taylor of fraud and sued him. One quarter of the funds of the charity were unaccounted for, and the only money they ever paid out went to Taylor's $73k salary.
I'm no professional but it's hard not to draw the conclusion that Jared was paying Taylor to produce child porn with a non profit charity.
The world found out about Jared in 2015, but in 2007 and 2008 two women were finding out a lot about Jared.
Jared had met a franchisee in Florida and started a sexual relationship with her. She called the FBI when Jared started texting stuff like this:
In one series of texts sent from April 2008, Fogle tries to convince the franchisee, a woman, to advertise herself for sex on Craigslist. She could make $500 per act he explains and he could watch her have sex with other men. Fogle then goes on to apparently admit to paying for sex with a 16-year-old girl off Craigslist.
The woman franchisee writes: "Is this the same website you found that 16 year old you that you f---ed?" the woman replied, according to an affadavit.
  • "I still can't believe you only paid $100 for her."
  • Fogle reponds: "It was amazing!!!!"
  • "What part of her ad made you think she was selling sex?" the woman asked.
  • Fogle says "U will have to read them to see."
The woman got a lawyer and submitted the texts to Subway who sat on them.
Around the same time, Jared met Rochelle Herman Walrond, a journalist who initially remained anonymous, who came forward and said that she got suspicious about Jared when he called middle school girls hot
According to the woman, Jared would often visit schools in Sarasota County, and allegedly told her numerous times that, 'Middle school girls are hot.'"
She contacted the FBI who asked her to wear a wire. She went on to record Jared over a nearly 5 year period, pleading with the FBI to go ahead and arrest him with them always saying that they didn't have enough evidence and needed more.
So she tried to get Jared to incriminate himself. Over that 4.5 year period they talked about a lot of stuff, like that Jared wanted to fly to Thailand to have sex with children.
"I would fly all three of us clear across the world if we need to,"[Jared] says on the tape. "It would just make things a lot easier — if we're going to try and get some young kids with us. It would be a lot easier probably."
He gave her grooming tips:
"Well, if we get them segregated out ... you know, start talking or whatever ... and we get a little closer, and a little closer and a little closer and before you know it ... it just starts to happen," the man's voice says. "But I think that girl from the broken home could be a possibility, you know."
He daydreamed on the phone:
"Do you want to watch me f— a young girl, too?" the voice of Fogle asks. "Will you f— a young boy?" When Herman-Walrond asks if that would turn Fogle on, he responds with a whispered "yeah."
“I had a little boy. It was amazing,” Fogle reportedly said, in response to a question about being with children. “It just felt so good. I mean, it felt—it felt so good.”
He also, allegedly, asked her repeatedly to let him install hidden cameras in her kids’ rooms.
“I had two young children at the time, and he talked to me about installing hidden cameras in their rooms and asked me if I would choose which child I would like him to watch,” she told Inside Edition.
The audio recordings can be heard at this link. She reported him to Subway in 2009 and nothing happened.
At the same time this was happening, Jared was flying to New York to pay for sex with minors. He asked the minors who he paid for sex if they knew anyone else they could recommend, always stressing younger if possible.
Also, according to the charging documents:
Fogle received "images and videos of nude of partially clothed minors engaged in sexually explicit conduct," which were allegedly recorded by Russell Taylor, the former director of the Jared Foundation.
Taylor secretly filmed some of the minors in his home using hidden cameras that captured them changing clothes and bathing.
Taylor was in possession of 400 videos of child pornography upon his arrest.
In 2011, someone else reported Jared to Subway via their website and yet nothing happened.
All this came raining down on Jared in 2015 when his house was raided and he was arrested and later charged with 14 acts of sex involving minors. He was ultimately sentenced to 15 years in jail and had to pay restitution to his 14 of his many victims totaling $1.4 million. His wife divorced him as quick as she could, Subway cut ties with him and the dominoes started to tumble.
All of a sudden the past reports about Jared came to light and Subway didn't have an explanation. Lawsuits started flying. Jared's now ex wife accused Subway of covering up Jared's pedophilia even from her because their marriage made Jared more grounded and more marketable.
It's now a sick joke, but at the same time of jared's arrest, Subway was trying to rebrand him as a family man.
So why didn't Subway act on the various reports it had gotten about Jared over the years? As this site puts it, it was a story bookended by laziness. Jared's laziness brought him to Subway, and their laziness in vetting stories led to the end of the Jared era with a lot of human misery left in his wake.
Subway has waffled in its response. Rather than taking the path of clear messaging and communication, and aiming to transparent and authentic throughout this terrible situation for the victims and Fogle’s family (as well as the brand), the company hasn’t been clear about where it stands in the midst of this crisis. What message was Subway sending to its employees and franchisees by keeping Fogle around for as long as it did?
As soon as he went to jail he instantly gained 30 pounds
In 2016, he filed an appeal which was denied. The DA's office argued:
[that] Fogle's text messages to a woman, in which Fogle stated he would "pay big" if she could procure 14-year-old children, and that he "craved" underage Asian girls. In these text messages, he also expressed sexual interest in young boys, although there is to date no evidence that he paid for sex with male children.
Later that same year, a brawl broke out and Jared was nearly killed in an attack meant to send a message to all pedophiles.
Other than that, rumor has it that Jared has it pretty easy in jail which is disappointing to hear given all that he's responsible for.
In 2017, Fogle tried to pull the Sovereign Citizen defense and claim that the feds didn't have jurisdiction over him which I imagine gave the feds a good laugh. The motion was dismissed.
In 2018, Jared sued to void his conviction going so far as to name the president (among others) as a defendant. It was unclear how the president was involved and Jared was forced to remove him as a defendant.
He claimed:
he was wrongfully allowed to plead guilty to conspiracy to receive child pornography, claiming that conspiracy doesn’t apply to such an offense.
His suit was dismissed.
That same year a woman pen pal of Jared's sold their racy letters to Radar Online. Seen here and here. She also sold a recorded phone call where she and Jared discuss porn and his sexual preferences.
If he wanted to appeal to a parole board, surely sending hand-drawn pictures of his genitalia that later end up on radar online is not a good strategy.
In March 2020, three of associate Russell Taylor's child pornography convictions were overturned for ineffective counsel. He still faces trial on 9 other charges.
In the five years since Fogle was arrested, Subway has been reeling. In 2015, their co-founder passed away and a new CEO was brought in. Internal reports indicate that customer traffic is down 30%. They've laid off over 400 people from the corporate HQ and this summer they had to revoke a promotion due to a franchisee revolt over the pricing.
Subway was associated so long with Jared it may take time for customers to form a new association. They tried to drop him once, struggled, and re-hired him. Clearly Subway lived in denial while Jared was their spokesman and looked the other way as business boomed. The new marketing strategy involves athletes. Time will only tell if they can recover from one of the worst scandals to ever hit a sandwich chain.
As of September 2020, Russell Taylor was being held at a federal prison in Yazoo City, Mississippi; Fogle was being held at a federal prison in Littleton, Colorado.
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2020.09.18 15:31 Infinity315 The case for $OLN

What does $OLN (Olin Corporation) and $VSTO do?
OLN produces chemical products, but most importantly they produce ammunition (it makes up about 10% of their business). From their website, they're the largest supplier of ammunition in the United States. They own Winchester. In addition, they're also one of the largest producers of bleach in NA; which can be used to sanitize things (hurray?). VSTO sells ammunition in addition to providing shooting ranges. However, I think VSTO is a bit overvalued rn. According to the price to book ratio, OLN is currently undervalued.
Hypothesis:
Olin and VSTO will go up in price due to fears arising from the 2020 presidential election. Trump Republicans will buy ammo and guns out of fear that the feds will take their guns if Biden wins. Especially if the protests are not quelled soon.
Supporting evidence:
1. It has been observed (supposedly) that conservatives/republicans are more fear-driven.
Source: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/mind-in-the-machine/201612/fear-and-anxiety-drive-conservatives-political-attitudes
“Conservatives tend to focus on the negative … To many conservatives, the world may look like a much scarier place … Conservatives have a stronger physiological response to threats … Conservatives’ brains are more reactive to fear.”
2. Google trends indicate a spike in interest for ammo prior to elections.
Keep in mind this when reading the trend graphs (especially 2012):
” Numbers represent search interest relative to the highest point on the chart for the given region and time. A value of 100 is the peak popularity for the term. A value of 50 means that the term is half as popular. A score of 0 means there was not enough data for this term.” - Google
2016 : (Notice how the states with the most interest voted red? Wyoming, Alaska, West Virginia, Montana)
2012 (keep in mind this is 2012; the supposed end of the world, however, it still indicates a spike in interest at November) :
(Red states again have the most interest: Wyoming, Oklahoma, West Virginia, Alaska, Arkansas)
2008: (Regions with most interest: Wyoming, Oregon, Utah, Idaho, Montana)
3. Google trends for BLM and Antifa for the past 12 months:
Notice the majority interest is from red states and not blue states? Why would red states be more interested in what is generally regarded as Liberal or blue groups than democrats and liberals? Trump Republicans are very much scared / hate these groups.
BLM: (Regions with most interest: Wyoming, Oregon, Utah, Idaho, Montana)
Antifa (Regions with most interest: Wyoming, Oregon, Utah, Idaho, Montana)
Chaz (Regions with most interest: Wyoming, Oregon, Utah, Idaho, Washington)
4. The stock market seems to follow a similar trend with spikes around November:
2016
2012
2008
5. The rhetoric Trump and his campaign is feeding his supporters:
“President @realDonaldTrump: “The rhetoric of Biden and the Radical Left puts your law enforcement in serious danger””
https://twitter.com/TeamTrump/status/1306777755082780674
“President @realDonaldTrump: “Biden will hand the left-wing mob the keys to your kids’ classroom"”
https://twitter.com/TeamTrump/status/1306771724113981442
Trump text: https://i.redd.it/usbcfmp0mpn51.jpg (ignore the right-hand side)
Trump supporters have remained steadfast in their support for Trump. Trump has captured the loyalty of ~40% of the voting population that seems like they will never give up on him
6. Biden’s Platform:
Things that would be most concerning for pro-gun people (in my opinion)
“Require background checks for all gun sales.”
“Reduce stockpiling of weapons.”
“End the online sale of firearms and ammunition.”
7. There are concerns of ammo shortages, I suspect this will only get worse as the election comes near.
Google trends for "ammo shortage"
Google trends for "ammo in stock"
"Why not VSTO / Federal Premium Ammunition?"
Google trends indicate that Winchester ammunition occupies more headspace than Federal Premium Ammunition, however, considering that there is an expected ammo shortage, go for it.
https://trends.google.com/trends/explore?geo=US&q=Federal%20Premium%20ammo,winchester%20ammunition
My personal opinion:
Trump will likely increase the rhetoric, especially up until the very end of the election. The US is at it's greatest political divide since the civil war and the civil rights movement. This election will spark fear in both parties, potentially making some Democrats take up arms. Trump has also planted the idea that the election could be fraudulent in his supporters head's, meaning there is likely a significant portion of supporters who will stock up to "defend the constitution" or something like that. *****-----------------------------*****
Don’t skip this shit. If there is one thing you should not skip, it's this part.
*****-----------------------------*****
Should you trust me?
Full disclosure, I’m a university student in Canada. I probably know less about US politics than many Americans. I study Computer Science with a minor in Math, meaning guns, and US politics is a field I'm not 100% familiar with and am not an expert. I've never owned or shot a gun in my life and don't plan on doing so anytime in the near future. I'm pretty much completely removed from any and all gun culture. I’ve been trading for just under a 3/4 of a year now. I’m admittedly extremely inexperienced with trading and have lost a significant portion of the money I put in on stupid trades and COVID. I can only afford 2 contracts atm and my options level is not high enough for diagonals (balance is too low). Make of that what you will with this information. Don't complain if my stupidity causes you to lose money, you're choosing to listen to a stupid person.
Finally, the play (my position):
15/01/2021 $13 and $12 strikes. OLN
No positions on VSTO, the premiums are a bit much.
I look forward to a sober voice to double-check my work and ensure I'm right (or wrong). Advice is welcome.
Edit an addendum:
So I attempted to gauge the demand and the outlook for the chemical products that OLN sells. Here are my findings:
The significant drop in OLN at April correlates with the drop in demand / prices for their products in April.
PVC has gone up 35% since april, OLN produces PVC precursors
Sodium Hypochlorite prices have been flat since april
Potassium Chloride / Potash seems to be making a recovery since april
Outlook for Caustic Soda seems positive, the price has increased
The outlook for epoxy seems somewhat neutral to somewhat negative, according to ICIS
Akali Price index is slightly negative
I tried finding price charts from the same sites, but unfortunately some were too outdated or did not exist at all.
Note: I could not find the actual prices of what OLN is selling their products, but I believe that these charts could give some idea.
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2020.09.18 13:09 PiggySVW 14 currently active Munich-born footballers have received a call up to a national team. None of those was from Germany. Here are their stories.

While searching some stuff on Transfermarkt, I discovered that there are 14 currently active football players who were born in Munich and have been called up for at least one senior national team fixture. Funnily, not a single one of those 14 players was called up to the German Nationalmannschaft. I decided to take a closer look at their respective careers. There are some more obvious paths like Germans of Turkish descent who went on to play in and for Turkey but also some pretty obscure careers. I begin with the most capped player and work my way down the list to the players who only got a call up without getting any game time. I sincerely hope you enjoy this read, it was pretty fun to write down!

Fabian Johnson

Age: 32
Position: Left Winger
Current team: -
National team: USA (57 matches, 2 goals)
The most-capped player in this list is American international Fabian Johnson. He was born in 1987 in München-Giesing and started his footballing career playing for Sportfreunde München before making the switch to 1860 where he spent 13 years. In 2009, he began his career in the 1. Bundesliga with Wolfsburg. Until today he made over 200 appearances in Germany's top flight for the Wolves, Hoffenheim and Gladbach. Currently he's without a club as Borussia didn't want to extend his contract.
The defensive-minded winger played for all the DFB youth teams and even won the under-21 Euros in 2009 alongside players like Mesut Özil, Mats Hummels or Manuel Neuer. However, Johnson - son of a German mother and an American father - stated that he "always felt quite American", so it's no wonder that he accepted the invitation when USMNT coach Jürgen Klinsmann called him up to the US squad in 2011. Since then he participated in the World Cup 2014, the Copa América 2016 and several Gold Cups. His last international game to date was in September 2017.

Manuel Ott

Age: 28
Position: Central Midfielder
Current team: United City F.C.
National team: Philippines (51 matches, 4 goals)
"Manny" Ott also represented 1860 München during his youth career before eventually ending up at FC Ingolstadt's academy in 2009. He spent five year's in the Audi city before going to his mother's home country to play for Ceres-La Salle FC, who are now called United City F.C. He won several titles with the Filipino powerhouse and in fact returned to them in February 2020 after a wasted year in Thailand where he only managed to play one single game for Ratchaburi Mitr Phol F.C. due to a tibia fracture.
Ott played his first senior game for the Philippines on 16 January 2010 at only 17 years of age. A scout had been sent out to find players in Europe who are eligible for the Filipino team. The midfielder's first goal followed in a 3-0 win over Cambodia in 2014.

Mike Ott

Age: 25
Position: Attacking Midfielder
Current team: United City F.C.
National team: Philippines (21 matches, 3 goals)
Another one? Yes! Mike Ott followed his big brother's footsteps and also graduated from 1860's youth system before joining Nürnberg in 2014. He was unable to impress in the first team and instead played for Nürnberg's under-23 team in the fourth tier. After three seasons, he decided to start on an adventure in Asia instead, so he made the switch to Angthong F.C. in Thai League 2. He had a decent stint in Thailand which made his brother's club Ceres offer him a contract in 2018. The new owners changed the team's name but re-signed both brothers in this summer. What are the Otts?
Mike was part of the Filipino national team for the first time in 2013 but didn't get to enter the pitch. His debut actually only came in October 2016 against Bahrain and he even scored the goal in his team's 1:3 loss.

Mehmet Ekici

Age: 30
Position: Attacking Midfielder
Current team: -
National team: Turkey (12 matches, 0 goals)
"Memo" Ekici began playing football for former Bundesliga outfit SpVgg Unterhaching, but he quickly became a member of FC Bayern's youth system. He made it onto Bayern's bench in 2009/10 but never played a minute for Bayern's senior squad. For the following season he was loaned out to fellow Bundesliga team Nürnberg where the young talent impressed alongside fellow German Turk Ilkay Gündogan. While the latter was bought by Borussia Dortmund, Ekici went to Werder Bremen. He never really broke through in the Hanseatic city and was eventually sold to Trabzonspor in 2014. In his first season he scored 9 goals and assisted another 11, but he couldn't replicate those numbers afterwards. In early 2017 he was suspended by Trabzonspor because he insisted on a transfer to Fenerbahce instead of Besiktas which Trabzonspor preferred. When his contract ran out after the season he finally joined Fener and played there until last season, albeit with mediocre success.
Ekici played for the German youth national teams before the Turkish FA convinced him to play for them after his strong start to the 2010/11 season. He debuted against the Netherlands in November 2010 but never managed to play a major part in the Crescent-Stars' team. His last appearance to date was in 2015.

Ceyhun Gülselam

Age: 32
Position: Defensive Midfielder
Current team: Alanyaspor
National team: Turkey (6 matches, 0 goals)
Gülselam spent the 1994/95 season at mighty Gartenstadt Trudering before spending 8 years in FC Bayern's junior teams. In 2006 he went to Unterhaching where he experienced his first games in 2. Bundesliga. They were relegated, but Gülselam still stayed for another season. He seems to have impressed some Turkish scouts as Trabzonspor decided to pick him up in 2008. Since then he has been playing for several teams in the Süper Lig with his current employer being Alanyaspor. Between 2014 and 2016 he spent two seasons in the Bundesliga at Hannover 96, he scored his only Bundesliga goal in a match against Leverkusen in November 2014.
Gülselam made his debut for the Turkish national team in March 2008, when coach Fatih Terim called him up for a friendly against Belarus. His last match took place nearly 11 years ago, he assisted a goal and was sent off shortly afterwards against Armenia.

Tarik Camdal

Age: 29
Position: Right Back
Current team: Adana Demirspor
National team: Turkey (6 matches, 1 goal)
Camdal spent most of his footballing youth in Ingolstadt, playing 8 years for Türkgücü Ingolstadt before going to MTV Ingolstadt at 13 years of age. When they played against 1860 Munich's youth team, the Lions' people in charge were so impressed that they offered Camdal a transfer right after the game. In 2009 he made his debut in the 2. Bundesliga and made several apperances in the senior team until 2011. For the season 2011/12 Süper Lig team Eskisehirspor decided to bring him to Turkey. He spent 3 seasons in Eskisehir before going to Galatasaray where he even got to play in the Champions League. He was loaned back to Eskisehir in 2016/17 but the loan didn't really help him with establishing himself at Gala. After several quarrels his contract was terminated in early 2019 and he went to Antalyaspor for the remainder of the season. Today he plays for Adana Demirspor in the second tier.
Camdal played for DFB's under-19 team but later decided to kick the ball for Turkey. His first of six call-ups to the national team was in November 2013 after a strong start of the season with Eskisehirspor. His last match followed about one year later. During his time in the national team he scored one goal in a friendly against Ireland.

Philipp Ospelt

Age: 27
Position: Left Midfielder
Current team: USV Eschen-Mauren
National team: Liechtenstein (5 matches, 0 goals)
Ospelt is yet another graduate of FC Bayern's youth where he played up to the under-19s. In 2010 he went to play for FC Buchs and later Young Fellows Juventus in Switzerland's lower leagues. In January 2012 he transferred to USV Eschen-Mauren, a team from Liechtenstein that - like all the outfits from the tiny country - play in the Swiss league system. Liechtenstein's only competition is the Liechtenstein Cup, which Ospelt and his colleagues went on to win in 2012. In 2013 he was picked up by Liechtenstein's best team FC Vaduz where he played until 2018 - with the exception of a short stint at WSG Wattens in Austria in 2016. After taking a short break, Ospelt returned to football in early 2019. He now plays for Eschen-Mauren again, currently in the fourth tier of Swiss football.
Ospelt's record for the national team is very weird. His first match was in 2012 against Lithuania, his second and third followed in 2016 and the fourth in 2017. His last appearance to date was last week, when Liechtenstein won 2:0 against powerhouse San Marino. However, Ospelt never started a match, in fact his longest appearance was three minutes long. If you add up all his minutes since he was first called up 8 years ago, you get a whopping NINE minutes of time on the pitch.

Nicola Sansone

Age: 29
Position: Left Winger
Current team: FC Bologna
National team: Italy (3 matches, 0 goals)
Nicola Sansone's career began in Eastern Munich, at SV Neuperlach. He then played for FC Bayern from 2002 until 2011. He made his debut for Bayern's under-23 team in February 2010 when he came on as a substitute for none other than David Alaba. In October 2010 he got to spend 90 minutes on the bench of the Bundesliga squad in a match against Freiburg. From 2011 on he was a Parma player, although he spent his first season on loan at Crotone. He had a decent spell both there and later in Parma which made Sassuolo buy him in early 2014. After two and a half very successful seasons Sansone was picked up by Villareal who paid 13 million € for the German Italian attacker. He had two pretty good seasons in La Liga, however things didn't work any more in 2018/19 which made Bologna loan Sansone during the winter transfer window. He is a key player in their squad ever since as the team from Emilia-Romagna decided to make the deal permanent in the following summer.
Sansone never really considered to play for Germany as he played for the Italian junior teams from under-17s up until the under-21s. Thanks to an impressive time at Sassuolo, coach Antonio Conte called Sansone up to the senior team in 2015, when he made his debut as a subsitute against Portugal. He was able to add two more matches to his tally in 2016, the last one being against his country of birth - Germany.

Lucas Hufnagel

Age: 26
Position: Central Midfielder
Current team: SpVgg Unterhaching
National team: Georgia (2 matches, 0 goals)
Hufnagel's first team was TSV Milbertshofen in the north of Munich. In 2001 he was picked up by FC Bayern where he spent ten years of his early footballing career. In 2011 he went to FC Ingolstadt only to transfer to SpVgg Unterhaching one year later. He slowly established himself as a key player in Unterhaching's senior team which made SC Freiburg sign him for their 2015/16 2. Bundesliga campaign. He got quite a bit of game time, but that changed after Freiburg's promotion in 2016. Hufnagel was demoted to the second team and consequently loaned out to Nürnberg in January 2017. However he failed to leave a real mark there as well and finally returned to Unterhaching in 2018 to play in the 3. Liga. He is a staple in their squad, having played well over 2000 minutes in both of the last two league seasons.
Hufnagel never had a real chance to become a German international however he was eligible for Georgia as well because of his Georgian mother. He made his debut in 2015 against Estonia and played another 4 minutes against Serbia in 2017. Before his senior debut he already played some games for the country's junior teams.

Kingsley Ehizibue

Age: 25
Position: Right Back
Current team: 1. FC Köln
National team: Nigeria (0 matches, 0 goals)
Ehizibue was born in Munich to Nigerian parents. When he was two years old, the family moved to Zwolle in the Netherlands. He played for local club CSV '28 before joining PEC Zwolle's youth system from which he later graduated. He made his professional debut in October 2014 in a cup game and played his first Eredivisie game two months later against Willem II. Since 2016 he was a permanent member of the first team and managed to become a key player. In 2019, after their promotion to the Bundesliga, 1. FC Köln picked him up and gave him a chance to shine in the country of his birth. He instantly became Cologne's starting right-back and played in 31 out of 34 possible league games.
Ehizibue played one match for the Dutch under-21s in 2016, which remains his only international experience to date. However, Nigeria's coach Gernot Rohr called him up to the Super Eagles' AFCON qualifier against Sierra Leone back in March. But due to the pandemic the fixture is yet to be played.

Koray Altintay

Age: 28
Position: Right Back
Current team: Fatih Karagümrük
National team: Turkey (0 matches, 0 goals)
Altintay's career began at SC Fürstenfeldbruck, where he stayed until he was 19 years old. After one squeezed in year at FC Bayern under-23s, 2. Bundesliga team Jahn Regensburg picked him up in 2012. He left the Jahn again in 2013 in order to play for Caykur Rizespor in the Süper Lig. He was a regular starter for them and managed to impress the scouts of Osmanlispor who signed him in 2016. He played some matches for the Ankara-based outfit, including one Europa League group fixture, but ultimately failed to establish himself. As a consequence he returned to Rizespor in early 2018 to help them to get back into the Süper Lig after their recent relegation. They indeed clinched promotion but Altintay failed to prove himself again in the following 2018/19 campaign. In September 2019 he joined Fatih Karagümrük and was an important part of their successful 1. Lig campaign. Altintay scored a goal in the promotion play-off semi-finals, Karagümrük went on to win the final in a thrilling penalty shoot-out and get back into Süper Lig after 36 years of absence.
After a strong start in 2013 with Caykur Rizespor, Fatih Terim let him join the Turkish national team for two friendlies against Northern Ireland and Belarus in November. However, he didn't get any time on the pitch and was never nominated again.

Alejandro Duarte

Age: 26
Position: Goalkeeper
Current team: FC Juárez
National team: Peru (0 matches, 0 goals)
There's not much information about Alejandro Duarte's youth on the internet. With his full name being Alejandro Christoph Duarte Preuss, I reckon that he probably has a German mother. However, he spent his first years as a goalkeeper at the FRAMA football academy in Lima before joining Esther Grande de Bentin, a semi-professional club from the suburbs of the Peruvian capital. In 2010, he returned to Germany to play for Bayer Leverkusen's under 17 team. He left the Werkself again in 2011 and continued to play for Juan Aurich's junior team in Peru before breaking into their senior squad. He made his first league debut in 2013 in a 1:1 draw against Inti Gas. He went on to join Club Cienciano in 2015 and later Deportivo Municipal in 2016 but didn't get much game time at either club. This changed when Duarte was signed by USM Porres in 2017. Duarte finally got to play more games between the sticks which secured him move to Mexico in 2018 when Lobos BUAP decided to sign him. After an unsuccessful stint at the team from Puebla, the keeper joined FC Juárez but was immediately loaned out to Club Atlético Zacapetec in the second league. He was their main goalkeeper, however the club was dissolved and he recently returned to Juárez.
Duarte was called up for Peru's friendlies against Croatia and Iceland in March 2018. He wasn't granted any game time however. Thus, his three matches for Peru's under-19s remain his only international appearances.

Jonathan Klinsmann

Age: 23
Position: Goalkeeper
Current team: LA Galaxy
National team: USA (0 matches, 0 goals)
Klinsmann junior was born during his father Jürgen's time at FC Bayern. His mother is an American model. Jonathan shortly lived in Genoa when Jürgen played for Sampdoria before the family moved to California after Jürgen's career. Jonathan started his career as a striker for FC Blades 96 and Irving Lasers. In 2008 he followed his father - who accepted a job as FC Bayern head coach - back to Germany and was retrained into a goalkeeper by FC Bayern's academy. After his return to California, Klinsmann played for Pateadores and Strikers FC in the US Soccer Development Academy. He also represented his high school between 2011 and 2014 and later played for the California Golden Bears, Berkeley university's college team. During the summer of 2017, Klinsmann had several trials at European teams like VfB Stuttgart, West Ham and Everton. After another trial at Hertha BSC, the capital city club signed the American. He played one match for Hertha's senior team - a Europa League fixture against Östersunds FK - and he even saved a penalty. He joined St. Gallen in 2019 where he became the goalkeeper for the Swiss Cup matches. However, he got red carded in the second round and the team got knocked out by FC Winterthur. In August 2020 Klinsmann joined the LA Galaxy.
Klinsmann played for various US youth teams before being called up to the senior USMNT in November 2018. He was an injury replacement for Zack Steffen for the team's friendlies against England and Italy but ultimately stayed on the bench.

Anes Osmanoski

Age: 20
Position: Central Midfielder
Current team: Bregalnica Stip
National team: North Macedonia (0 matches, 0 goals)
Osmanoski played for 1860 München until he was 13 years old. He then transferred to SpVgg Unterhaching's youth teams and stayed at the club until 2019 when he decided to move to his parents' home country North Macedonia. He now plays for Bregalnica Stip in the Eastern group of the Macedonian second division. They finished the season in second place, barely missing out on promotion. To be honest, I can't tell you much more about his career as he's still very young and there's not that much information on the second tier of Macedonian football.
Osmanoski played for several junior national teams of his country and is in fact a current member of the under-20 team. However, he was called up for a friendly of the senior national team in 2017 when he was just 17 years old. Macedonia - back then still without the "North" - won 2:0 against Norway but little Osmanoski did not get any minutes on the pitch with the big guys.
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2020.09.17 22:15 Drexlore Week 3 Match-up Preview Thread: Battle for the Palladium: Middle Tennessee Blue Raiders vs. Troy Trojans

Middle Tennessee vs. Troy
When: Saturday, September, 19, 04:00 PM Eastern
Where: Johnny "Red" Floyd Stadium - Murfreesboro, TN
Watch: ESPN2
Odds: Troy by 3.5 pts.
Total Points: 64.5
All-Time Series - Battle for the Palladium: Middle Tennessee vs. Troy
Middle Tennessee and Troy have met 20 times since 10/09/1936.
These teams last met 2,854 days (~8 years) ago on 11/24/2012.
Series Wins: Middle Tennessee 12-0-8 Troy
Longest streak of continuous meetings: 10 (2003-2012).
Middle Tennessee has won the most recent meeting (2012) in this series.
Last 5 Meetings
Winner Date Location Middle Tennessee Troy Notes
Middle Tennessee 2012-11-24 Murfreesboro, TN 24 21
Troy 2011-09-24 Troy, AL 35 38
Troy 2010-10-05 Murfreesboro, TN 13 42
Troy 2009-10-06 Troy, AL 7 31
Troy 2008-08-28 Murfreesboro, TN 17 31
Through Week 2
Week Middle Tennessee 0-1(0-0) Result Troy 0-0(0-0) Result
1 Army 2-0(0-0) L 0-42 BYE N/A
2 BYE N/A BYE N/A
All rankings reflect the current /cfb poll
Middle Tennessee Injury Report
Not Available
Troy Injury Report
Not Available
What are your "Keys to the Game"?
Who do you think wins?
Do you think the favorite will cover the spread?
Which player(s) are you most interested to watch?
Let's talk football!
To vote in the matchup "who will win poll" simply include the name of the team you think will win enclosed by {} as part of your TOP LEVEL comment discussing the matchup. To change your vote just edit your initial comment to bracket the other team. You can change your vote as often as you like until the GAME THREAD is posted
A full listing of accepted FBS team aliases can be found here.. For FCS teams you will need to use the full name as it appears in the post title.
A listing of links, and live vote totals, to all Match-up Preview threads for the current week can be found HERE.
Like this format? Generate your own "Match-up Discussion Thread" with the Match-up Discussion Thread Generator. Please DM dupreesdiamond with any issues/suggestions regarding this template
submitted by Drexlore to CFB [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 19:27 stake_pool Update and Few Thoughts, a (Well-Typed) transcript: Liza&Charles the marketeers, Voltaire kick-off, PrisM and Ebb-and-Flow to fuck ETH2.0 Gasper, the (back)log of a man and a falcon, lots of companies, September Goguen time, Basho, 2021 Titans, Basho, Hydra and much more thoughts and prayers

Hi everybody this is Charles Hoskinson broadcasting live from warm sunny Colorado. I'm trying a new streaming service and it allows me to annotate a few things and simulcast to both periscope and youtube. Let's see how this works. I also get to put a little caption. I think for the future, I'm just for a while going to put: "I will never give away ada". So, when people repost my videos for giveaway scams they at least have that. First off, a thank you, a community member named Daryl had decided to carve a log and give his artistic impression of my twitter profile picture of me and the falcon so that always means a lot when I get these gifts from fans and also I just wanted to, on the back of the Catalyst presentation, express my profound gratitude and excitement to the community.
You know it's really really cool to see how much progress has been made in such a short period of time. It was only yesterday when we were saying "when Shelley"? Now Shelley's out and it's evolving rapidly. Voltaire is now starting to evolve rapidly and we're real close to Goguen. At the end of this month we'll be able to talk around some of the realities of Goguen and some of the ideas we have and give some dates for certain things and give you a sense of where that project is at. The good news is that we have gained an enormous amount of progress and knowledge about what we need to do and how to get that done and basically people are just executing and it's a much smaller task than getting us to Shelley. With Byron to Shelley we literally had to build a completely new cryptocurrency from the ground up. We had to have new ledger rules, new update system, we had to invent a way of transitioning from one system to another system and there's hundreds of other little innovations along the way: new network stack and so forth. Byron cosmetically looks like Shelley but under the hood it's completely different and the Shelley design was built with a lot of the things that we needed for Goguen in mind. For example, we built Shelley with the idea of extended UTXO and we built Shelley understanding what the realities were for the smart contract model and that's one of the advantages you get when you do this type of bespoke engineering. There's two consequences to that, one, the integration is significantly easier, and two, the integration is significantly faster. We won't look at that same complexity there.
The product update at the end of the month... We'll really start discussing around some of these things as well as talk about partners and talk about how the development ecosystem is going to evolve. There are a lot of threads throughout all three organizations that are happening simultaneously. Emurgo, they're really thinking deeply about DeFi and they've invited us to collaborate with them on things like stablecoins for example but we're also looking at oracles (oracle pools), DEX and these other things and because there are already people in market who have made mistakes, learned lessons, it gives us the benefit of hindsight. It means we can be much faster to market and we can build much more competitive things in market and the Cardano community gets first access to these next generation DeFi applications without a lot of the problems of the prior generations and that's super beneficial to us.
You know, the other side of it, is that Voltaire is going to have a systemic influence not just on community funding but also the overall evolution and direction of the platform. The longer it exists the more pervasive it will become. Probably first applied towards the Cardano foundation roadmap but later on it will definitely have a lot of influence and say over every element aspect of the system including the launch dApps and these other things. Basically, long term, the types of problems that Cardano solves so that's incredibly appealing to me and very exciting to me because it's like I have this giant community brain with the best and brightest of all of you working with us to get us where we need to go.
You know, another thing that was super encouraging, it's a small thing, but it shows us that we're definitely in the right direction was that we recently got a demo from Pramod (Viswanath) and his team out of university of Illinois on a protocol they create called PrisM which is a super fast proof-of-work protocol and they wrote this beautiful paper and they wrote code along with it that showed that PrisM is a ten thousand times faster than Nakamoto consensus. If you take the bitcoin proof-of-work protocol, you strip it out, you put PrisM in, you can run the entire bitcoin system 10000 times faster. They have these beautiful benchmarks to show that. Even in bad network conditions. (I'm) promoting this team, they're, they're real researchers, and they're real engineers, they use a lot of cool HPC concepts like springboarding and other things like that to accommodate that. Then I asked him in the presentation, I said well, how much faster if you replay the Ethereum chain? He says, well, that it takes a big performance hit, could be only maybe a hundred times because that model is not as easy to optimize and shard with standard computer science concepts. In fact in some cases there are limitations there that really can't be overcome. It turns out that we're more on that UTXO side than we are on the account side. As a coincidence or intent of the design of extended UTXO we're gonna have a lot easier time getting much higher performance where and when it's necessary.
I also approved this week a scaling up of the Basho project. In particular, to build a hydra prototype team. The science has gotten to a point where we can make a really competitive push in that particular direction. What does that mean? It means that in just a few short months we can de-risk technological approaches that long-term will give us a lot of fruit where and when the community decides that they need infrastructure like hydra. Now, here's the beautiful thing about hydra. If you watch my whiteboard back in September of 2017 when Cardano first hit market with Byron I talked about this concept of looking at scalability with a very simple test which is as you get more people in the system it stays at the same performance or it gets faster. We all experience systems that do this, for example, bittorrent, more people downloading something you tend to be able to get it faster and we all experience the converse which is, the system gets slower when you get more people. What does this mean? It means that hydra is an actual approach towards true scalability in the system and it's a lot easier to do than sharding even though we have a beautiful approach to get the sharding on the ledger side if we truly desire to go down that way. There's beautiful ideas that we are definitely in deep discussions about. That's a very complex thing. There was recently a paper ("Ebb-and-Flow Protocols: A Resolution of the Availability-Finality Dilemma") out of Stanford that showed that the Gasper protocol as proposed for ETH2.0 does have some security concerns and it's going to be the burden on the shoulders of the Ethereum 2.0 developers and Vitalik to address those concerns from those Stanford professors. Whenever you have these very complex protocols they have so many different ways they can break and things can go wrong so it's much more appealing when you don't have to embrace complexity to achieve the same. The elegance of hydra is that stake pool operators are very natural parties to put hydra channels on and every time we add one we get much more performance out of that and the system as it gets more valuable. The k factor increases which means you get more stake pull operators, which means you get more hydra channels, so with growth we get appreciation, with appreciation we get more decentralization, with more decentralization we get more performance. In essence, this spiritually speaking, is really what we meant when we said scalability. That the system will always grow to meet its particular needs and we have a very elegant way of moving in that direction that doesn't require us to embrace very sophisticated techniques. It's not to say that these techniques don't have a place and purpose but it says that the urgency of implementing these is gone and we then have the luxury to pick the best science when it's ready instead of rushing it to market to resolve a crisis of high fees. We'll never have that crisis so there's a beauty to Cardano that is missing, I in my view, from many cryptocurrencies and blockchains in the marketplace and we're now seeing that beauty shine through. Not only through our community who are so passionate and amazing but in the science and the engineering itself and how easy it is for us to navigate the concepts. How easy it is for us to add more things, to take some things away, to clean some things up here and there and our ability to move through.
I never imagined when in 2015 I signed up to go in on this crazy ride and try to build a world financial operating system we would have made as much progress as we made today. We've written more than 75 research papers as an organization many of which are directly applicable to Cardano. We've got great partners who work with Nasa and Boeing and Pfizer, massive companies, that have 10 years of history and millions of users to come in and help us grow better. We've worked with incredible organizations, major universities like university of Wyoming, university of Edinburgh, Tokyo, tech professors all across the world. We've worked with incredible engineering firms like VacuumLabs and AtixLabs and Twig and Well-Typed, runtime verification, QuviQ and dozens of others along the years and despite the fact that at times there's been delays and friction throughout this entire journey we've mostly been aligned and we keep learning and growing. It gives me so much hope that our best days are ahead of us and an almost fanatical belief that success is inevitable in a certain respect. You see because we always find a way to be here tomorrow and we always find a way to make tomorrow a better day than today and as long as that's the trend you're monotonically increasing towards a better tomorrow, you're always going to have that outcome, you're always going to be in a position where Cardano shines bright. Towards the end of the month we'll have a lot more to say about the development side and that'll be a beginning just like Voltaire is the beginning and then suddenly you now notice the beautiful parallelism of the roadmap. Shelley continues to evolve, partial delegation is coming, in fact, I signed the contract with vacuumlabs to bring that to Ledger (and Trezor). The Daedalus team is hard at work to make that feature apparent for everyone as is the Yoroi team.
You see that, with now Voltaire, and soon was Goguen, and these are not endpoints, rather they're just beginnings and they're never over. We can always make staking better, more diverse, more merit-based and entertain different control models, have better delegation mechanics, have better user experience. The same for smart contracts, that's an endless river and along the way what we've discovered is it's easy for us to work with great minds and great people. For example with testing of smart contracts I would love to diversify that conversation above and beyond what we can come up with and bring in some firms who have done this for a long time to basically take that part with us shoulder to shoulder and build beautiful frameworks to assist us. For example, runtime verification is doing this with, the EVM with a beautiful project called Firefly to replace Truffle. I believe that we can achieve similar ends with Plutus smart contracts.
When you ask yourself what makes a system competitive in the cryptocurrency space? In my view there are four dimensions and you have to have a good story for all four of those dimensions. You need security and correctness. A lot of people don't prioritize that but when they get that wrong it hurts retail people, it hurts everyday people, billions of dollars have been lost due to the incompetence and ineptitude of junior developers making very bad mistakes and oftentimes those developers faced no consequences. The people who lost money were innocent people who believed in cryptocurrencies and wanted to be part of the movement but didn't protect themselves adequately. That's a really sad thing and it's unethical to continue pushing a model that that is the standard or the likely outcome rather than a rare edge case. You have to as a platform, a third generation platformn invest heavily in giving the developers proper tools to ensure security and correctness. We've seen a whole industry there's been great innovations out of Quantstamp and ConsenSys and dozens of other firms in the space including runtime verification who have really made major leaps in the last few years of trying to improve that story. What's unique to Cardano is that we based our foundations on languages that were designed right the first time and there's over 35 years of history for the approach that we're following in the Haskell side that allows us to build high assurance systems and our developers in the ecosystem to build high assurance systems. We didn't reinvent the wheel, we found the best wheel and we're giving it to you.
I think we're going to be dominant in that respect as we enter 2021. Second, you look at things like ease of maintenance, ease of deployment, the life cycle of the software upgrades to the software and as we've demonstrated with things like the hard fork combinator and the fact that Voltaire is not just a governance layer for ada and Cardano but will eventually be reusable for any dApp deployed on our system. You have very natural tooling that's going to allow people to upgrade their smart contracts, their dApps and enable governance for their users at an incredibly low cost and not have to reinvent the governance wheel each and every application. This is another unique property to our system and it can be reused for the dApps that you deploy on your system as I've mentioned before. Performance is a significant concern and this was often corrupted by marketers especially ICO marketers who really wanted to differentiate (and) say: "our protocol tested on a single server in someone's basement is 500000 transactions per second" and somehow that translates to real life performance and that's antithetical to anyone who's ever to study distributed systems and understands the reality of these systems and where they go and what they do and in terms of performance. I think we have the most logical approach. You know, we have 10 years of history with bitcoin, it's a massive system, we've learned a huge amount and there's a lot of papers written about, a lot of practical projects and bitcoin is about to step into the world of smart contracts. We congratulate them on getting Schnorr sigs in and the success of Taproot. That means entering 2021, 2022, we are going to start seeing legitimate dApps DeFi projects, real applications, instead of choosing Ethereum or Algorand, EOS, Cardano, choosing bitcoin and they're adding a lot to that conversation. I think that ultimately that model has a lot of promise which is why we built a better one. There are still significant limitations with what bitcoin can accomplish from settlement time to the verbosity of contracts that can be written.
The extended UTXO model was designed to be the fastest accounting and most charitable accounting model ever, on and off chain, and hydra was designed to allow you to flex between those two systems seamlessly. When you look at the foundations of where we're at and how we can extend this from domain specific languages, for domain experts, such as Marlowe to financial experts, and the DSLs that will come later, for others, like lawyers and supply chain experts in medical databases and so forth and how easy it is to write and deploy these. Plutus being beautiful glue code for both on and off chain communications. I think we have an incredibly competitive offering for performance and when hydra comes, simply put, there'll be no one faster. If we need to shard, we're going to do that and definitely better than anybody else because we know where our security model sits and there won't be surprise Stanford papers to blindside us that require immediate addressing.
In terms of operating costs, this is the last component, in my view, and that's basically how much does it cost you the developer to run your application? There are really two dimensions, one is predictability and the other is amount. It's not just good enough to say: it's a penny per transaction today. You need to know that after you spend millions of dollars and months or years of effort building something and deploying something that you're not going to wake up tomorrow and now it's five dollars to do what used to cost a penny. You need that cost to be as low as possible and as predictable as possible and again the way that we architectured our system and as we turn things on towards the end of this year and as we enter into the next year we believe we have a great approach to achieve low operating cost. One person asks why Cardano? Well because we have great security and correctness in the development experience and tools with 35 years of legacy that were built right the first time and don't put the burdens of mistakes on your customers. They ask why Cardano and we say: well the chain itself is going to give you great solutions with identity value transformation and governance itself and as a consequence when you talk about upgrading your applications having a relationship with your customers of your applications and you talk about the ease of maintenance of those applications. There's going to be a good story there and we have beautiful frameworks like Voltaire that allow that story to evolve and we keep adding partners and who have decades of experience to get us along. We won't stop until it's much better. They asked why Cardano? We said because at the moment we're 10 times faster today than Ethereum today and that's all we really need for this year and next year to be honest and in the future we can be as fast as we need to be because we're truly scalable. As the system gets more decentralized the system improves performance and where and when we need to shard we can do that. We'll have the luxury of time to do it right, the Cardano way, and when people ask why Cardano? Because the reality is, it's very cheap to do things on our platform and the way we're building things. That's going to continue being the case and we have the governance mechanisms to allow the community to readjust fees and parameters so that it can continue being affordable for users. Everything in the system will eventually be customizable and parameterizable: from block size, to transaction fees and the community will be in a good position to dynamically allocate these things where and when needed so that we can enjoy as an ecosystem predictability in our cost.
In the coming weeks and months, especially in my company, we're going to invest a lot of time and effort into comparison marketing and product marketing. When I see people say, oh well, you've launched proof of stake, a lot of other people have done. I don't think those people fully appreciate the magnitude of what we actually accomplished as an ecosystem and the quality of the protocols that are in distribution. That's not their fault, it's our fault, because we didn't take the time in simplistic terms, not scientific papers and deep code and formal specifications, but rather everyday language, to really show why we're different. I admit that that's a product failing and that needs to be corrected so we hired a great marketing director, named Liza (Horowitz?) and she is going to work full time with me and others in the ecosystem, a great team of people, every single day to get out there and explain what we have done is novel, unique, competitive and special to our industry. Everything from Ouroboros and contrast to major other protocols from the EOSes and Algorands and the Tezos of the world. Why we're different, trade-offs we chose over them, to our network stack, to the extended UTXO model, to Plutus, to Marlowe and we're going to keep hammering away at that until we get it right and everybody acknowledges and sees what has been accomplished.
I've spent five years of my life, good years of my life, and missed a lot to get this project where it needs to go. All of our employees have invested huge sums of their personal lives, their time, their brand, their careers, in trying to make this the really most magical and special cryptocurrency and blockchain infrastructure around. No one ever signed up in this company or the other companies working on Cardano to work on a mediocre protocol. That's just another blockchain, they signed up to change the world, they signed up to build a system that legitimately can look at you in the face and say: one day we have the potential to have a billion users! That's what they signed up for and they showed up to play. They built technology that evolves in that direction with some certainty and great foundations and we have an obligation to market in a way that can show the world why, succinctly, with clarity. Understandably, this has been a failing in the past but you know what? You can always be better tomorrow that monotonically increasing make it better and that's what we're going to do. We recognized it and we're going to invest in it and with Voltaire if we can't do it. You the community can do it and we'll work with you. If you can do a better job and the funding will be there to get that done. In addition to this, we think about 2021 and we ask where does the future take us? I've thought a lot about this you know I've thought a lot about how do we get the next five years as we close out 2020 and here's the reality: we're not going to leave as a company until we have smart contracts and multi-asset and Voltaire has evolved to a point where the community can comfortably make decisions about the future of the protocol and that the staking experience has solidified and it's stable.
I don't care if this costs me millions or tens of millions of dollars out of my own pocket to make happen. I'm going to do that because that's my commitment to you, the community and every product update will keep pushing our way there. We'll continue to get more transparent, we'll continue to get more aggressive and hire more and parallelize more. Aware when we can, to deliver that experience so that Cardano gets where it needs to go. Then when we ask about where do we go next? The reality is that the science as an industry, the engineering as an industry has given a menu of incredibly unique attractive and sexy things that we can pursue. What we're going to do is work with the community and the very same tools that are turning on today, the Voltaire tools, the cardano.ideascale.com tools and we're going to propose a consortium and we're going to bring the best and brightest together and give a vision of where we can take the system in another five years. With the benefit of hindsight, massively improved processes, better estimation capabilities and the fact that we're not starting with two people at IOG. We're starting with 250 people and the best scientific division in our industry and the legacy of almost, nearly by the end of this year, 100 scientific papers. That's us, you know what, there's dozens of companies throughout the history who have worked on Cardano. It's about time to scale them up too and get client diversity. So come next year when the protocol has evolved to the point where it's ready for it, we'll have that conversation with you the community and that's going to be a beautiful conversation. At the conclusion of it, there's going to be certainty of how we're going to evolve over the next five years to get ourselves beyond the cryptocurrency space. I'm very tired of these conversations we have about: are you going to go to (coindesk's) consensus or not? Or who's going to be the big winner? What about Libra or what about this particular regulation and this crypto unicorn and this thing?
You know I've been in the space a long time and I've noticed that people keep saying the same things year after year in the same venues. Yes, the crowd sizes get larger and the amount of value at risk gets larger but I haven't seen a lot of progress in the places where I feel it is absolutely necessary for this technology to be permanent in the developing world. We need to see economic identity. People often ask what is the mission for Cardano? For us IOG, you look at economic identity and you take a look at a roadmap. For it, you scale up and down, and each and every step along the way, from open data, to self-sovereign identity, to financial inclusion. You can keep going down: to decentralized lending, decentralized insurance, decentralized banking. Each and every step along the way to economic identity. When you admit a blockchain tells you that, there's a collection of applications and infrastructure that you need to build.
My life's work is to get to a point where we have the technology to do that. The infrastructure to do that, with principles, and so we'll keep evolving Cardano and we'll keep evolving the space as a whole and the science as a whole until I can wake up and say: each box and that road to economic identity, for all people not just one group, we have a solution for that. I'm going to put those applications on Cardano and success for me is not about us being king of the crypto hill and having a higher market cap than bitcoin or being entrepreneur of the year coindesk's most influential person. It's meaningless noise, success for me is reflecting back at the things that we have accomplished together and recognizing that millions if not billions now live in a system where they all matter, they all have a voice, they all have an equal footing. The Jeff Bezos of the world have the very same experience as the person born in Rwanda and we're not done until that's the case. It's a long road, it's a hard road, but you know what? We're making progress, we have great people in Africa, we have great people in eastern Europe, we have great people in southeast Asia and great partners all along the way. Great people, Latin America, great people in south America, great people here in the United States.
When we talk about economic identity there are millions, if not tens of millions of Americans who don't have it. Same for Canadians, hundreds of thousands, who don't have it. Developed western cultures, it's the greatest blind spot of policy and as we enter into a depression as a result of coronavirus, add millions if not tens of millions more onto that list. Generations are being disenfranchised by this legacy system and we as an ecosystem, we as an entire community are offering a different way forward. Not hyper centralizationn not social credit but a way forward where you own your own money, your own identity, your own data. You're not a victim of surveillance capitalism, you're not a victim of civil asset forfeiture. When you say the wrong things, you get shut out of society. Each and every human being matters and I'm optimistic to believe that when you remind people that they matter they're gonna rise to the occasion. That is the point of my company. In the things that we do each and every day, that's our mission to give the platforms to the world so that those who don't have economic identity can get it and they can keep it and no one can take it from them and they can enjoy an ever increasing growth of standard of living wealth and prosperity.
However you want to measure that this is my goal post, I couldn't care less about the cryptocurrency space. It was a great place to start but the space needs to be reminded why it exists. Bitcoin was given a mandate on the back of the 2008 financial crisis to do something different. It was not given a mandate to go be a new settlement layer for central banks or a new way for the old guard to make more money and banks get bigger and for those who are in control to preserve their power. The whole point of doing something so crazy as to buy a coin that doesn't even exist in real life, that's just a bunch of numbers in the cloud, the whole point of that was so that we as a society could do something different than the way that we'd been doing things before. So, each and every member of the cryptocurrency space needs to remind everyone else from time to time why we're here and where did we come from and where are we going to go.
The beauty of Cardano is we have already achieved for the most part a decentralized brain and that momentum is pushing harder than ever. More and more scientists are waking up, more and more institutions are waking up, getting us there. The code we have, the right approach and I think we have a great competitive offering for 2021 as we go and battle the titans and that's going to be a lot of fun but we know who we are and where we're going and we're in the right places. It's so incredibly encouraging to see the stake pool operators not just be from California or Texas or New York or Canada. To see a lot of stake pool operators from the place that need the most, help everybody does matter and it means a lot to me for the people who are there but it means a lot to everybody to say that we have created an equal platform. It makes the participation of all of us so much more meaningful. We're not just talking to each other, we're talking to the world and by working together on this platform we're lifting the world up and giving people hope. That's the point, there's a lot more to do, we didn't get everything done. You never do you aspire, you work hard, you set a moon, shot and sometimes you can just get to orbit with the first go but you know what? When you build the next rocket you can go to Mars.
Thank you all for being with me, thank you all for being part of this. Today was a damn good day with the announcement of Voltaire. Go to cardano.ideascale.com. You can participate in that, so end of September is going to be a good day too. There's a lot of good days to come, in between a lot of hard days, doing tasks sometimes entirely forgettable but always necessary to keep the revolution going and the movement going. I cannot wait for 2021, our best days are ahead of us, because of you. You all take care now .
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BFa9zL_Dl_w
Other things mentioned:
https://cardano.ideascale.com/
https://www.atixlabs.com/blockchain
https://www.well-typed.com/
https://www.vacuumlabs.com/
https://medium.com/interdax/what-is-taproot-and-how-will-it-benefit-bitcoin-5c8944eed8da
https://medium.com/interdax/how-will-schnorr-signatures-benefit-bitcoin-b4482cf85d40
https://quantstamp.com/
https://bloxian.com/bloxian-platforms/ (TWIG)
https://runtimeverification.com/firefly/
https://www.trufflesuite.com/
https://experts.illinois.edu/en/publications/prism-deconstructing-the-blockchain-to-approach-physical-limits (PrisM and not our Prism https://atalaprism.io/)
Ebb-and-Flow Protocols: A Resolution of the Availability-Finality Dilemma (aka Gasper and ETH2.0 fucker) https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.04987
http://www.quviq.com/products/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schnorr_signature
submitted by stake_pool to cardano [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 18:10 GaznaThePug [REQUEST] [STEAM] Monster Hunter World Iceborne DLC (31% off on GameBillet [$27.58]) (5th attempt)

Hello everyone. I am Gazna. I live in the Philippines, and I am here (for my 5th attempt) hoping for a chance to receive a game like many others. For my request, I was hoping for Monster Hunter World Iceborne DLC (just the dlc, I already own the main game).
Now why do I want this game's dlc? Let me tell a story, I'll try to keep it short. This dates back in 2008. During this time I got my very own PSP (Playstation Portable for those who didn't know). I was super happy when I got a psp because I could play anywhere. I bought many different games, my most notable games back then were Crisis Core FFVII, Twisted Metal, and Tekken Dark Resurrection. Eventually I finished most of my games and tried to search for something new. Then I found this game, called Monster Hunter Portable 2nd G (with a slight english patch). I have no idea what this game was about except for one thing, you hunt monsters most likely. So I bought and tried, and then I eventually realized how great this game was. You can do so much in this game. For armor and weapons, you don't just buy armor or weapons (though you can but all you can buy are those bone armor and weapon), but you have to craft them by seeking its required materials. And its not even a full armor set, each piece of armor need different materials. For the locales, there are all so vast. First was the Snowy Mountains, where you can literally climb the entire mountain. Then there's the Jungle, where there's literally an island separate from the jungle itself you can visit. There are many more locations like the Volcano, Hills, etc. Next was the difficulty of the game. The game doesn't even tell you what the monsters' weakness are or even what they look like until your very first encounter. You'd think you're already fine just going up Snowy Mountains with your armor but no, you would either need drink a Hot Drink or wear something with Cold Resistance. There's also your stamina that eventually drops from it maximum amount if you don't eat steak or rations.
There are so much more I want to tell, like the Sinking Feeling quest where you first encounter Tigrex, and the 2 Rajang mission in the training area. But long story short, this game was absolutely amazing and it easily became one of my most favorite games of all time. I eventually got the full english ver (renamed as Monster Hunter Freedom Unite) and the sequel Monster Hunter Portable 3rd and of course Monster Hunter Word. Monster Hunter World on its own was absolutely amazing. The game is super realistic, there are all new locales, monsters, and my favorite part, the return of old monster (now Fatalis is returning too!). You could say Monster Hunter was probably one of the games that made me what I am today (it sounds like too much but its true).
Now why can't I buy this dlc. To be honest I had money to buy this game but things happened, let me explain. I believe it was back in March-April 2020 (when Safi Jiva was being released), the dlc had a sale (I think it was 15-20% off). I was happy and sad at the same time. I was happy cause I was able to save up enough during Dec-Mar 2020 to buy this dlc, but I was also sad. I was sad because a few days before they annouced the sale the quarantines have started. We were all scared back then to even leave our homes so like many others I stayed home. Now how does staying home tie to me not being able to buy the dlc when its on Steam not a physical game? Well it was because all the game I bought on Steam were using Steam wallet codes. Those codes also happen to be physical card codes that I buy from a video game retail store. At the time as well, I do not have any paypal or atm/credit cards to buy anything online. I always rely on steam wallet codes to buy steam games.
After a couple months have passed, all the money I saved up were used to buy groceries and paying bills. I no longer have the means to buy steam games until this virus goes away.
That is all I can say for now. To the people who read through this all, sorry for taking too much of your time especially when I said I'll try to keep it short (I tried I promise). And if there will be a person out there who would fulfill this request, from the bottom of my heart thank you.
- u/GaznaThePug
my steam profile: https://steamcommunity.com/id/gazna/
the dlc (on steam): https://store.steampowered.com/app/1118010/Monster_Hunter_World_Iceborne/
5 current best prices according to isthereanydeal.com
  1. GameBillet = $27.58 (31% off): https://www.gamebillet.com/monster-hunter-world-iceborne-pre-order
  2. DLGamer = $27.99 (30% off): https://www.dlgamer.com/us/games/buy-monster-hunter-world-iceborne-54193
  3. WinGameStore = $33.99 (15% off): https://www.wingamestore.com/product/11192/Monster-Hunter-World-Iceborne/
  4. Fanatical = $35.09 (12% off): https://www.fanatical.com/en/dlc/monster-hunter-world-iceborne
  5. GamesPlanet US = $35.99 (10% off): https://us.gamesplanet.com/game/monster-hunter-world-iceborne-steam-key--3706-4
submitted by GaznaThePug to GiftofGames [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 17:45 ketchupsunshine As requested: Paula Abdul claims a 1992 plane crash took her out of the spotlight. The NTSB has no record of it ever happening.

On the Paula Abdul post a couple weeks ago, I commented that I had a write-up that was almost ready to go. This goes far more in depth than that post and was heavily requested so hopefully it does not get removed this time.
In July I saw this comment and decided to look up the plane crash story, expecting it to be easily explainable one way or another. But instead I wound up with differing accounts from Paula Abdul herself, articles claiming she was lying, and lots of random gossip. So I figured I’d try to piece it together myself.
The story goes like this:
In 1992 1, Paula Abdul was flying from a performance in St. Louis to Denver while on her Under My Spell Tour (sometimes called the “Spellbound” tour, the name of the album she was promoting at this time). Then, over a cornfield in Iowa, Abdul in 2019 said the following took place:
“It all happened when I boarded a seven-seater plane and an hour into the flight one of the engines blew up and the right wing caught fire and everything went black...I woke up in the hospital only to find that I had crushed my cervical spine, leaving me partially paralyzed.”
She also stated that she underwent 15 spinal surgeries as a result of her injuries both from this and prior incidents.
But 2019 was not the first time she told this story. According to Abdul in 2005, she took one day off and she continued to perform. The 2005 account mostly matched her earliest mention of the accident in 2003. Then, in 2019, she described waking up in the hospital, partially paralyzed. The story changes in bits every time, and there is no documented mention of it at all before Abdul’s 2003 NBC interview. It’s stranger the more you read about it, and there don’t seem to be concrete answers.
What we do know for sure is that Paula Abdul’s career took a hit shortly after the time she claims the crash took place. Abdul’s next era following Spellbound, Head Over Heels, was her worst selling release. She was divorced twice between 1994 and 1998. Between her Spellbound era and about 1996, Abdul seemed to stay out of the spotlight. Part of this was due to her seeking treatment for her bulimia in 1994, which came with rumors that she was being treated for opioid addiction at the same time. Her career and personal life seemed to have gone downhill after her Under Your Spell tour, and it’s debated whether this was because of her plane crash, or whether the plane crash was invented to sweep this under the rug.

Inconsistencies:

There are a few aspects of Abdul’s story that are pointed to as proof that she is lying.
Dates:
Abdul claims to have performed in St. Louis before the fateful flight, heading to Denver, and to have boarded immediately following this performance. Her own website does not list a St. Louis tour date (although there is a date for Greenwood Village, near Denver, on June 10, 1992). The Wikipedia page for the tour uses the same dates as Abdul’s website. This has been used by some theorists as proof that the whole story is fabricated, since it gives the appearance that there wouldn’t have been a St. Louis to Denver flight at all. However, while Abdul’s own website lacks any mention of these dates, there is some evidence she may have flown from St. Louis to Denver between June 19 and June 22, 1992. 2 Rich Juzwiak at Jezebel dug up records that give us a possible date for the alleged crash. The Jezebel article cites a St. Louis Post Dispatch article from June 21, 1992, talking about a Paula Abdul concert the previous Friday at the Riverport Ampitheater. This sets a date of June 19, 1992 for St. Louis. The same Jezebel article also cites an Entertainment Weekly article from September 25, 1992, which refers to Abdul performing a show at the Fiddler’s Green Amphitheatre in a suburb of Denver on June 22. Abdul’s website lists no shows between the June 10 show in Greenwood Village and the June 23 show in Seattle. This means that there is a gap that these other two shows fit into, although it is odd they aren’t listed as part of the tour despite being part of the tour.
EDIT: As referenced in footnote 2, the Jezebel article had an edit claiming that a reader had found a Kansas City Star article listing a June 20, 1992 date at the Sandstone Ampitheater in Bonner Springs, outside of Kansas City. I couldn't find this as I was writing, but u/bookdrops dug up this Springfield News-Leader article from June 19, 1992 that references the same June 20 date at the Sandstone Ampitheater. This means that there was a date between the St. Louis and Denver shows that have been found, and to me this rules out there being a St. Louis to Denver flight at all. She could have mistaken Kansas City for St. Louis or misremembered, but her stated flight path doesn't seem to have happened.
Possible drug addiction:
Abdul’s 2009 Ladies Home Journal interview describes her spending Thanksgiving 2008 weaning herself off of a painkiller addiction:
The rumors that her sometimes-bizarre behavior was fueled by drugs just may have been true. Abdul was taking heavy-duty pain killers, though she claims she never shot an Idol episode under the influence. But last Thanksgiving, determined to overcome her habit, she checked into the La Costa Resort and Spa, in Carlsbad, California, to wean herself off her medications in one fell swoop. "I could have killed myself.... Withdrawal -- it's the worst thing," she says. "I was freezing cold, then sweating hot, then chattering and in so much pain, it was excruciating. But at my very core, I did not like existing the way I had been.”
Fans and tabloids during Abdul’s run as an American Idol judge often commented on her strange behavior, although she was quick to explain it away. The LHJ interview had direct quotes from her talking about her struggle with drug addiction.
...And then Paula Abdul went on record saying she had never said those things. In fact, according to her, she has never even been drunk. Abdul does not seem to have refuted that she went to a place called La Costa in Carlsbad, California, but she was adamant that it was just a normal spa and she had been there for only three days. While there is a rehab center in Carlsbad called La Costa, the article refers to “La Costa Resort and Spa”, which is an actual resort and spa.
Despite Abdul’s denials, there is still rampant speculation that she is or was addicted to painkillers. There’s certainly no clear-cut evidence proving she was ever an addict, but it’s also nearly impossible to disprove something. Especially when there is so much circumstantial evidence, such as her “strange” behavior that the tabloids latched onto.
Worth noting for this point is the fact that Abdul has consistently been open about her diagnosis with Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy, an incredibly painful condition. This, in conjunction with her (also consistent) story about a cheerleading accident in high school followed by several smaller car accidents over the years, means that Paula Abdul already has a pretty good reason to be using painkillers. RSD and any severe chronic pain can sometimes also cause people to seem “spacey” or “loopy”, which could also explain why so many people thought she was acting strange during the time she was on American Idol.
Crash records:
The strongest piece of evidence cited by those who believe Paula Abdul is lying is the lack of evidence. There seems to be no record of this crash ever having happened. Her tour ran from October 1991 to August 1992 and despite having searched accident records 3 for that timespan I have been unable to find any record of this crash. I’ll admit to not being knowledgeable about aviation records, but it also seems telling that no one else has been able to find these records either. Abdul has denounced those who doubt her claims and while I can’t speak definitively, I would think she or her publicist would have pointed to an NTSB report if there was one.
Additionally, Abdul has been quoted several times as saying the plane landed in a cornfield in Iowa. This doesn’t fit with her claim that the flight was from St. Louis to Denver. The flight she claims to have taken is pretty much straight west, and crashing in Iowa would require a significant detour north. Not impossible, but certainly implausible at least from a layman’s understanding of air travel.
There is an NTSB report for an eight seater (not seven) plane crashing into a field in Nebraska (not Iowa), a full month before the Under My Spell tour began. It also seems to have taken off in Nebraska with an intended destination elsewhere in Nebraska, rather than going to either St. Louis or Denver, and it crashed shortly after takeoff rather than the claimed forty minutes to an hour into the flight. I cannot find any news about what Abdul would’ve been doing in Nebraska in September 1991, so I don’t believe this is the accident. There is also a record of an accident in Englewood, Colorado on June 10, 1992. Paula Abdul had a concert in nearby Greenwood Village on the same day, but the description of the plane and accident do not match her story at all. These two are the only records that I have seen that match any part of her story, and neither is a good fit.

Theories:

Theory 1: Paula Abdul was actually in some sort of incident on a plane in 1992, but has embellished what happened and this is why no one has been able to track down records of the event. The most common theory in this camp is that the plane experienced some turbulence, she wasn’t wearing her seatbelt, and she experienced an injury. This possibly compounded with previous injuries (such as the cheerleading accident she often mentions in conjunction with the plane crash story) and caused severe harm, but the plane did not crash. There’s a lot of overlap between this theory and the others, and how much overlap exists between theories depends on who you ask.
Theory 2: Paula Abdul was not in any aviation accidents in 1992 and she is using this story to cover up painkiller use and/or her extended absence from the limelight before her American Idol job.
One of these theories revolves around the idea that Paula invented the plane crash in 2003, after regaining the limelight as an American Idol judge, to give herself an excuse for falling out of the public eye and to distract from the downturn in her career and personal life during this period. The other, more popular theory, is that she used the plane crash as an excuse to either explain away her loopy behavior during her American Idol years as non-drug related (if you believe 2005 USA Today “I have never been addicted to anything” Paula Abdul) or to excuse it as being caused by medication prescribed to her for her injuries.
Theory 3: Paula Abdul is telling the truth about being in a crash and her story was brought into doubt due to some unfortunate gaps in information, such as the NTSB records being incomplete/the accident not being reported at all, her own choice to keep quiet for an extended period of time, and miscommunications about whether or not she was using pain medication. There is enough room for the basic story to be true. Admittedly, the story has changed so much that at least some versions will be lies even if one version was the truth. If this is the case I will certainly apologize for fueling speculation otherwise...but I would consider this the least likely option.

Conclusion/discussion:

Regardless of whatever the actual story is regarding the plane crash, it’s pretty clear that Paula Abdul struggles with chronic pain and I do not intend to make light of this at all or to shame her if she has struggled with addiction. It’s just very strange that there is no proof of this event ever happening. Did Paula Abdul get injured on a plane in 1992? Was she covering for a painkiller addiction, and was that part of why she went to rehab in 1994? Was she covering for being out of the spotlight? Is Paula Abdul actually sober like she claims, and is her strange behavior actually just her being Paula Abdul rather than drugs or alcohol? Was this a ploy for attention that ripped off of Gloria Estefan’s accident? Why did it take eleven years after the alleged accident for there to be a single documented mention of it? I’m very curious what everyone else thinks about this case.
My personal theory (which is based as much on gut feelings as it is on actual information, since the info is so spotty) is that she was on a plane during the Under My Spell tour, wasn’t wearing a seatbelt, and was injured when the plane experienced turbulence mid-flight. This compounded her existing spinal injuries and her condition deteriorated for several years until around 1994 her health problems prevented her from working. She took a break from the limelight to recover, came back for American Idol, and decided to embellish her story to garner sympathy and distract from the other issues (the relative commercial failure of Head Over Heels, her divorces) that contributed to her break. I’m unsure on whether or not she had an addiction to painkillers but I lean towards “no”. Her story of using alternative medicine in response to her injuries from the crash partially convinced me that the strange behavior people point to as proof of her being on drugs is actually just her being herself. She seems like a bit of an odd duck.

Footnotes:

1 Some articles list 1993 as the date of the crash, including some quotes from Abdul herself, but in the grand scheme of things this did not seem particularly significant. The tour she mentions ran from 1991 to 1992, and most articles state 1992. Because of this I am assuming that this is a mistake rather than an actual lie. Specifically the 2009 Ladies Home Journal interview says she was in a car accident in 1992 that caused a neck injury, and places the plane crash in 1993. This is the closest thing to a “contradictory” date I have seen but it also is not a quote from Paula Abdul herself. Make of this what you will.
2 According to an edit in the Jezebel story, there was a Kansas City Star article claiming Abdul had performed in Kansas City on June 20, 1992, which would basically rule out a St. Louis to Denver flight. However, I’ve tried searching and can’t find this article. If anyone is able to find it I’d be happy to edit it in, but I’m not including information I can’t verify. EDIT: Link to confirmation of Sandstone Amphitheater concert, so there is now proof of this and I have edited the post accordingly.
3 This specific link has a disclaimer that records have only been natively uploaded since 1996. So although there are pre-1996 records available on this site, there is no guarantee that these records are complete. The other link provided does not contain the same disclaimer and has far more complete records, but I have no way to verify that they are 100% complete.

Sources/further reading:

2003 NBC interview, earliest mention of the accident.
2005 People interview, discusses details including plane route.
A 2005 drug allegation and denial.
2009 Ladies Home Journal interview, discusses going to rehab for painkiller addiction. Page 2 of same interview. This has been denounced by Abdul herself.
A detailed account of the accident itself, told in 2019.
An in depth Jezebel investigation from 2019.
2020 Yahoo interview where Abdul discusses people doubting her and why she did not speak about the crash earlier.
Paula Abdul’s website page for the tour, which mentions the plane crash but does not list the relevant tour dates.
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2020.09.17 14:39 theataraxian Genesis Discussion Megathread

Genesis is the second single and first track from Deftones ninth full length studio album, Ohms. Genesis releases worldwide on September 18th, 2020. Ohms releases September 25, 2020.
Ohms Wikipedia)
Ohms is the upcoming ninth studio album by American alternative metal band Deftones, which will be released on September 25, 2020 by Reprise Records.[1]#citenote-1)[[2]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ohms(album)#cite_note-2) This is the first Deftones album since their eponymous 2003 album) to be produced by Terry Date, and first time the band had worked with him since the unreleased album Eros) in 2008.
Links (availability may depend on your location)
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2020.09.17 07:14 lhowkhyi Reddit - Media Evolution Timeline

2005 - In the beginning, Reddit's creators help seed Reddit with numerous fake accounts.
2006 - Apart from "reddit.com", "NSFW" is the most popular subreddit at the beginning of 2006. "Programming" becomes the second most popular subreddit for most of the year. Then by the end of the year, "science" gets launched and soon becomes the third most popular subreddit.
2007 - For most of the year, "science" and "programming" are the most popular subreddits (apart from "reddit.com"). They then get displaced by "politics" as the most popular non-"reddit.com" subreddit towards the end of the year.
2008 - This year is dominated by the launch of numerous new subreddits. By the end of the year (except for a short-lived blip following the
2008 - Presidential election), no one subreddit (not even "reddit.com") would capture more than 50% of Reddit's attention. From the beginning of 2008 (to at least the end of 2012), there is a continual exponential increase in the number of unique subreddits people submitted to each week.
Mid-2010 - Reddit overtakes Digg in search popularity.
2010 - 2012 - From the beginning to the end of 2010 (and following Reddit's move to Amazon AWS servers in November 2009), Reddit more than triples in pageviews and bandwidth count. By February 2011, Reddit reached 1 billion page-views per month. Within a year (by January 2012), Reddit again doubled in pageviews and reached 2 billion page views per month.
2010 - 2012 - Top-level content on Reddit transitions from majority text-based to majority image-based. On January 1, 2010, 27/100 of the top posts were images. By January 1, 2012, 77/100 of the top posts were images.
2012 - 2014 - Reddit achieves 37 billion pageviews in 2012, 56 billion page views in 2013, and 71.25 billion pageviews in 2014. Yishan Wong serves as Reddit's CEO from March 2012 to November 2014. Wong is replaced by Ellen Pao in November 2014. By September 2014, Reddit raises $50 million in funding in a Series B round and makes its first app acquisition in October 2014.
2014 - 2016 - On July 10, 2015, Pao resigned as CEO and is replaced by Reddit co-founder Steve Huffman.
2017 - Reddit adds more social network features to go with user profile pages, including the ability to follow other users and location tagging. Throughout the year, the site receives approximately 542 million monthly visitors, including 234 million unique visitors, which makes Reddit it the 7th most visited website in the United States, and 22nd in the world.
2018 - Reddit surpasses Facebook to become the 3rd most visited website in the United States for a few months.
2019 - 2020 -As of date, Reddit is the 5th most visited site in the United States. It has 330 million monthly users, over 130,000 active communities, and 21 billion average screen views per month.
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